Hollókő

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Hollókő
Type Cultural
Criteria v
Reference 401
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Hollókő
Country  Hungary
County Nógrád
Area
 • Total 5.18 km2 (2.00 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 387
 • Density 74.7/km2 (193/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3176
Area code(s) 32

Hollókő ([ˈholːoːkøː]) is a Palóc ethnographic village in Hungary and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its name means "Raven-stone" in Hungarian.

Location[edit]

The village is located in Nógrád county, approximately 91.1 kilometres northeast from Budapest, the capital of Hungary. It lies in a valley of Cserhát Mountains, surrounded by low peaks. The natural environment is protected.

History[edit]

In the middle of the 13th century, in the aftermath of the Mongol invasion, construction of Hollókő castle first began as a means to protect the area against future attacks. At this time, the area around Hollókő was held by the Kacsics noble clan. The castle was first mentioned in records in 1310.[1] The original village was built just below the castle walls. The Ottomans captured the castle in 1552 and for the next 150 years, control alternated between Ottoman and Hungarian forces. At the end of the Ottoman era (1683) the castle and the village were finally abandoned and the present village grew up below.[2] Many of the existing houses were first built around this time. The houses, which contain wood in their structure, have had to be rebuilt many times throughout the years due to periodic fires, the last being in 1909. In 1987, the village, castle ruins, and surrounding area were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Sights[edit]

  • The protected part of the village – Lajos Kossuth and Sándor Petőfi streets, 55 houses
  • Village Museum
  • Post Museum
  • The House Of The Countryside
  • Doll Museum
  • The House Of The Weavers
  • The exhibition of woodcarver Ferenc Kelemen
  • Roman Catholic church
  • Hollókő castle

Picture gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°00′N 19°36′E / 48.000°N 19.600°E / 48.000; 19.600