Parts of Holland

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Parts of Holland
Holland shown within England
Area
 - 1901 268,992 acres (1089 km²)
 - 1961 267,847 acres (1083 km²)
Population
 - 1901 77,610
 - 1971 105,685
History
 - Created 1889
 - Abolished 1974
 - Succeeded by Lincolnshire
Status Administrative county
 - HQ County Hall, Boston
Arms of Lincolnshire, Parts of Holland County Council

Parts of Holland /ˈhɒlənd/ is a historic subdivision used in south-east Lincolnshire, England from 1889 to 1974.[1] The name is still recognised locally and survives in the district of South Holland.

Administration[edit]

Parts of Holland was one of the three medieval subdivisions or 'Parts' of Lincolnshire (the other two were Lindsey and Kesteven) which had long had separate county administrations (Quarter Sessions). Under the Local Government Act 1888 it obtained a county council, which it retained until 1974. At that point the three county councils were abolished and Lincolnshire (minus the northern part of Lindsey) had a single county council for the first time.

Before the changes of 1888, Holland had, since probably the tenth century, been divided into three wapentakes of Elloe, Kirton and Skirbeck.

Under the Local Government Act 1894 it was divided into rural districts, urban districts, with the municipal borough of Boston remaining untouched. The rural districts were Boston, Crowland, East Elloe and Spalding, whilst Holbeach, Long Sutton, Spalding and Sutton Bridge became urban districts. In 1932, the Crowland (which consisted of the single parish of Crowland) RD was abolished and added to Spalding RD, and all urban districts apart from Spalding were abolished and added to East Elloe RD.

Geography[edit]

The extent of the parts of Holland (the pre-1974 county) was the same as that of the combined modern local government districts of Boston and South Holland.

Holland was all close to sea level, achieving a maximum altitude of about five metres (16 feet) on artificially raised river banks (levees). It therefore needed carefully managed drainage to maintain the very productive arable farmland which covered almost its entire extent. Consequently, a significant part of its drainage for arable use had to await the introduction of steam pumping. Before the mid nineteenth century, it was a much more pastoral area, used for fattening stock brought in from Scotland and northern England before it was driven to market in places like London. Many of the country roads are still called droves.

Towns in Holland

The motto shown on the Coat of Arms is incorrect and should read "LABOR IPSE MERCES" (Work is its own reward). Examples may be seen in the window of the old hall (library) at Boston Grammar School, and on the wall of the Dining Room at Lincoln Hall, University of Nottingham.

There is a curious resemblance in landscape between the Parts of Holland and Holland, the region in the Netherlands, although their meanings are different. Holland in England means "land of the hill spurs", although hill spurs are hardly obvious. Both have landscapes that are low and well-drained, and both are known for their tulips.[2]

Wapentakes[edit]

Skirbeck Wapentake was an administrative unit in the Parts of Holland from the early eleventh century at the latest, until wapentakes were abolished by the Local Government Act of 1888. It contained the parish of Skirbeck (St. Nicholas).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parts of Holland (former division, England, United Kingdom) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Room, Adrian (1993). Dictionary of Place Names in the British Isles. Bloomsbury. p. 174. ISBN 0-7475-1511-5. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). "Skidbrook - Skutterskelfe | A Topographical Dictionary of England (pp. 115-118)". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 

External links[edit]