Holland America Line

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Holland America Line
Type Subsidiary
Industry Transportation
Founded 1873 as the Netherlands-America Steamship Company
Headquarters Seattle, USA
Key people Stein Kruse (President and CEO)
Richard D. Meadows (Executive VP, Marketing, Sales and Guest Programs)
Larry D. Calkins (Senior VP, Finance and Information Technology) Paul Goodwin (Executive VP, Onboard Revenue, Planning, Port Operations and Tours)
Products Cruises
Parent Carnival Corporation & plc
Website HollandAmerica.com
Poster for Holland-Amerika Lijn, 1898

Holland America Line is a British-American owned cruise line based in Seattle. It has been owned by Carnival Corporation & plc since 1989.

From 1873 to 1989, it was a Dutch shipping line, a passenger line, a cargo line and a cruise line operating primarily between the Netherlands and North America. As part of this rich legacy, it was instrumental in the transport of many hundreds of thousands of immigrants from the Netherlands to North America.

History as a Dutch shipping and passenger line (1873–1989)[edit]

Holland America Line was founded in 1873 as the Nederlandsch-Amerikaansche Stoomvaart Maatschappij (Netherlands-America Steamship Company), a shipping and passenger line.[1] It was headquartered in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, and provided service to the Americas. The company was formed as a result of the reorganization of an earlier company, Plate, Reuchlin & Co. The company's first ship was the original Rotterdam, which sailed its 15-day maiden voyage from the Netherlands to New York City on October 15, 1872. Other services were started to other new world ports, including Hoboken, Baltimore and South America. Cargo service to New York started in 1899.

During the first 25 years the company carried 400,000 people from Europe to the Americas. Other North American ports were added during the early 20th century.

Though transportation and shipping were the primary sources of revenue, in 1895 HAL offered its first vacation cruise. Its second vacation cruise, from New York to Palestine, was first offered in 1910.

One notable ship was the elegant 36,000 gross ton SS Nieuw Amsterdam of 1937, it and the RMS Queen Mary being the only two liners built in the 1930s to make a profit.

At the start of the Second World War, HAL had 25 ships; nine remained at war's end. At the beginning of the war, the Westernland acquired from the Red Star Line in 1939, berthed at Falmouth, England, became the seat of the Dutch government.[2] The Nieuw Amsterdam sailed half a million miles transporting 400,000 military personnel. After the war, the cruise line was instrumental in transporting a massive wave of immigrants from the Netherlands to Canada and elsewhere.

Another notable ship during the post-war period was the SS Rotterdam of 1959, one of the first North Atlantic ships equipped for two-class transatlantic crossing and one-class luxury cruising.

By the late 1960s, the golden era of transatlantic passenger ships had been ended by the introduction of air travel. HAL ended transatlantic service during the early 1970s, leaving the North Atlantic passenger trade for Cunard's RMS Queen Elizabeth 2.

In 1973 it sold its cargo shipping division.

It ceased operating as a Dutch line in 1989, when it was purchased by Carnival for 1.2 billion guilders. The proceeds were put into an investment company (HAL Investments), the majority of which is owned by the van der Vorm family.

Former fleet[edit]

Former head office of HAL in Rotterdam, now the Hotel New York
  • SS Rotterdam, 1958 — Sold to Premier Cruise Lines in 1997, retired in 2000 and now a hotel and museum.
  • MS Westerdam, 1986 — Transferred to Costa Cruises in 2002 and renamed Costa Europa, April 2010 charted to Thomson Cruises for 10 years and known as Thomson Dream.
  • MS Prinsendam, 1973–80 — Sank off of the coast of Alaska.
  • SS Veendam (III), 1972–74, 1975–76, 1978–84 — Last in service for Commodore Cruise Line as Enchanted Isle[3]
  • SS Volendam(I), 1922–1952 — 1940-45 Escaped to Britain in WW2, served as troop transport, returned to Rotterdam in 1945
  • SS Volendam (II), 1972–76, 1978–84 — Sister to SS Veendam (III); Last known as Universe Explorer of World Explorer Lines[4]
  • SS Statendam (I), 1898-1911 — Sold to the Allan Line
  • SS Statendam (II) — Taken over before completion as the White Star Line's SS Justicia
  • SS Statendam (III), 1929-1940 — Scrapped after being set on fire to avoid capture at Rotterdam
  • SS Statendam (IV), 1956–1982 — Last in service for Regent Star as Regency. Inactive after Regent Star went bankrupt.[5]
  • SS Maasdam (1921) (III) Torpedoed and sunk in convoy HX-133 on 27 Jun, 1941 by U-564 south of Iceland[6]
  • SS Maasdam (IV), 1952–1968 — 1968–1990 in service for Polish Ocean Lines as Stefan Batory, the last regularly scheduled transatlantic liner, scrapped Turkey 2000[7]
  • SS Ryndam (II), 1951–1973 — Sank 2003 on way to breakers[7]
  • SS Waterman, 1951–1963 — Launched January 16, 1945 Decommissioned 1970.[8]
  • SS Zuiderkruis, 1951–1963 — Launched May 5, 1944 Decommissioned 1969.[8]
  • SS Groote Beer, 1951–1963 — Launched June 17, 1944 Decommissioned 1971.[8]
  • SS Westerdam, 1945–1965 — Combination first class passenger/cargo vessel; scrapped Spain 1965
  • MV Zaandam, 1939–1942 — With passengers and 9200 tons of cargo was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 300 nautical miles (560 km) north of Cape Sao Roque, Brazil, with the loss of 134 of the 299 people on board.[9]
  • SS Nieuw Amsterdam, 1937 — In WW2 escaped to US neutral port, served as a British War Transport carrying over 350,000, returned to Holland in 1946. Breakers yard in 1974.
  • SS Rotterdam, 1908 — Scrapped 1940.
  • SS Noordam, 1902 — Scrapped 1927, alerted RMS Titanic to ice early into its ill-fated maiden voyage. [10]
  • SS Potsdam, 1900 — Scrapped 1947. It was the largest ship HAL owned at the time it was in service.
  • SS Rotterdam, 1886 — Fate unknown.
  • SS Rotterdam, 1872 — Wrecked September 26, 1883.
  • SS Veendam (II) — Sister ship of SS Volendam (I). In 1940, bombed in Rotterdam, repaired and requestioned by Hamburg-America Line. Used for German submarine crews stationed in Hamburg. Returned to service from Rotterdam 1947, scrapped Baltimore 1953.
  • MS Sommelsdijk (III) — 1939 Pacific service, wartime service as U.S. troopship until Atlantic service in 1947, renamed Sommelsdyk1954 and scrapped 1965.[11][12]

History as a US-based cruise line (1989–today)[edit]

In 1989, the Holland America Line was purchased by Carnival Corp, thus becoming a British-American owned cruise line headquartered in Seattle in the United States.[13]

In 2003, Holland America announced its "Signature of Excellence" program. The ongoing program has focused on upgrading existing ships. The first phase included adding the Pinnacle Grill specialty restaurant, the Neptune Lounge (for suite guests), the Culinary Arts Center with demonstration kitchen, expanded children’s and teens’ facilities, enhanced stateroom amenities, and improved dining and enrichment offerings. The second phase of improvements (announced in 2008) added a new bar lounge area called Mix, the Showroom at Sea show lounge/nightclub, the Retreat resort pool area with pizzeria and LED screen and the Canaletto Italian specialty restaurant among other enhancements.[citation needed]

In the summer of 2011, the MS Rotterdam did two transatlantic crossings, the first traditional transatlantic runs made by the line in more than 40 years.[citation needed]

Since September 2012, the Rotterdam has been based year-round out of Rotterdam, sailing to Europe, the Caribbean, as well as Asia.[citation needed]

Current operations[edit]

The company operates 15 ships to seven continents and was expected to carry over 750,000 cruise passengers in 2012.[14]

MS Prinsendam and MS Amsterdam make annual "Grand Voyages" lasting more than 60 days, exploring more exotic destinations in South America and Africa; the MS Amsterdam also make annual World Voyages, sailing around the world, usually ranging from January to March/April/May.[citation needed]

The line currently operates five different classes of ship: the smaller and older S class vessels; the mid range R class; the Vista class; the newest and largest Signature class and the small 793-passenger Prinsendam (originally the Royal Viking Sun, then Seabourn Sun until HAL's purchase in 2002).[citation needed]

All HAL ships have a dark blue hull with white superstructure, with the company's logo featured prominently on the functional smoke stacks.[citation needed]

Holland America also owns the following:

On October 26, 2012, it was announced that a memorandum of agreement had been signed with Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri for the construction of a 2,660-passenger ship for Holland America Line scheduled for delivery in fall 2015. The unnamed ship, which will be a new class of vessel for the line (The Pinnacle Class), will enter service five years after the last Holland America ship, the MS Nieuw Amsterdam, delivered in 2010. Also noted was that the addition of new ships would maintain passenger capacity if some of the older Carnival Corporation ships are sold.[15]

Current fleet[edit]

Statendam class (S class)[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Flag Notes Image
MS Statendam 1993 55,819 22 knots 1,260 9  Netherlands April 2010 refit added spa staterooms, Mix lounge and Showroom at Sea. In 2015 she will move to the P&O Cruises Australia fleet and renamed "Pacific Aria".[16] MS Statendam Sydney.JPG
MS Maasdam 1993 55,575 22 knots 1,258 9  Netherlands April 2011 refit added Lanai and spa staterooms, Mix lounge and Showroom at Sea MS Maasdam Anchored in Half Moon Cay with Island Tender.JPG
MS Ryndam 1994 55,819 22 knots 1,260 9  Netherlands February 2010 refit added spa staterooms, Mix lounge and Showroom at Sea. In 2015 she will move to the P&O Cruises Australia fleet and renamed "Pacific Eden".[16] MS Ryndam in Juneau, Alaska 2.jpg
MS Veendam 1996 57,092 22 knots 1,350 9  Netherlands April 2009 refit added Lanai, spa and verandah staterooms, Mix lounge, Showroom at Sea, the Retreat aft pool area with shallow pool and movie screen (moved up to Lido deck level), and duck tail for stability. April 2011 refit updated Retreat area, removing wading pool in favor of several smaller hot/cool tubs. MS Veendam.jpg

The four S class ships above began life as virtually identical vessels except for décor. They were the first new HAL cruise ships to incorporate features like the atrium, the two-deck main dining room and show lounge, and the Lido pool with retractable roof. These vessels are currently undergoing a series of major refits.[citation needed]

All S class ships received the first phase of Signature of Excellence upgrades (detailed above) between 2004 and 2006.[citation needed]

It was announced on May 19, 2014 that both the Statendam & Ryndam will transfer to P&O Cruises Australia fleet; with more details to come.[16]

Rotterdam class (R class)[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Flag Notes Image
MS Rotterdam 1997 61,849 25 knots 1,404 9  Netherlands December 2009 refit added Lanai, spa and verandah staterooms, Mix lounge, Showroom at Sea, the Retreat aft pool area (moved up to Lido deck level) with shallow pool and movie screen Rotterdam (ship, 1997) IMO 9122552; in Split, 2011-10-17 (3).jpg
MS Volendam 1999 61,214 23 knots 1,432 9  Netherlands Kobe MS Volendam01n4272.jpg
MS Zaandam 2000 61,396 23 knots 1,432 9  Netherlands Zaandam(c)Ted Rufus Ross.JPG
MS Amsterdam 2000 62,735 25 knots 1,380 9  Netherlands Amsterdam at Kobe02s3872.jpg

Unlike the vessels of the S class, Holland America Line's R class ships did not all start out identical. Rotterdam, the first of the four, was similar to the S class, but slightly longer and wider, with a third set of passenger stairs/elevators and some new facilities. The twins Volendam and Zaandam followed, similar to Rotterdam, but with a different (single) funnel and larger because the aft pool was moved up one deck to the Lido level, creating more space for passenger accommodations below. The final R class ship, Amsterdam, like a hybrid of Rotterdam and Volendam/Zaandam, incorporates Rotterdam's twin funnels as well as the Lido deck aft pool. Together, Rotterdam and Amsterdam are considered HAL's flagships.[citation needed]

All R class ships received the first phase of Signature of Excellence upgrades (detailed above) between 2005 and 2009.[citation needed]

Vista class[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Flag Notes Image
MS Zuiderdam 2002 82,305 24 knots 1,916 10  Netherlands 20080921-Piraeus-MS Zuiderdam.JPG
MS Oosterdam 2003 82,305 24 knots 1,916 10  Netherlands MS Oosterdam.JPG
MS Westerdam 2004 82,305 24 knots 1,916 10  Netherlands Westerdam in Costa Maya 001.jpg
MS Noordam 2006 82,318 24 knots 1,924 10  Netherlands Noordam.jpg

HAL's four Vista class ships are named for the points of the compass in Dutch. Noord for north, Zuid for south, Oost for east and West for West. These ships were designed mainly for shorter (less than two weeks) cruises in the Caribbean, Alaska and Europe. These ships are notable because of the exceptionally great number of oceanview and verandah staterooms - more than 85% and 67% respectively. The first three Vista class vessels were built as identical triplets. Noordam incorporated a few design changes, including a more vertical aft profile, which makes her larger, with a slightly greater passenger capacity. The success of Noordam's revised design caused HAL to modify the other three Vista class ships with aft expansions to mimic Noordam.[citation needed]

In 2006, the Vista class cruise ships were awarded the 2006 Green Planet Award for outstanding environmental standards by Kuoni Switzerland.[17]

Zuiderdam, Oosterdam and Westerdam received the first phase of Signature of Excellence upgrades (detailed above) between 2005 and 2006, while Noordam was built to SOE1 standards.[citation needed]

Signature class[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Flag Notes Image
MS Eurodam 2008 86,273 23.9 knots 2,104 11  Netherlands Eurodam.JPG
MS Nieuw Amsterdam 2010 86,700 23.9 knots 2,106 11  Netherlands MS Nieuw Amsterdam 2011.JPG

The Signature class ships are essentially an enhanced Vista class design. The main difference is the addition of a deck between the Lido and Observation decks. This allows for more cabins (mostly spa accommodations) and some additional facilities including the specialty restaurant Tamarind and the Silk Den lounge.[citation needed]

Both Signature class ships were built to Signature of Excellence (first phase) standards (detailed above).[citation needed]

The "Elegant Explorer"[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Flag Notes Image
MS Prinsendam 2002
(built 1988)
38,848 22 knots 835 8  Netherlands Prinsendam.jpg

The smallest and oldest HAL ship, Prinsendam is in a class by herself. The only Holland America Line ship not built for the line, Prinsendam enjoyed a career with Royal Viking Line, Cunard and Seabourn Cruise Line before joining the HAL fleet after an extensive refit in 2002. Prinsendam does not have a two-deck main dining room or main lounge, an indoor/outdoor pool, or dedicated children's facilities like other HAL vessels.[citation needed]

Prinsendam received the first phase of Signature of Excellence upgrades (detailed above) in 2005.[citation needed]

Future fleet[edit]

Pinnacle class[edit]

Vessel Name In HAL
Service
Gross
Tonnage
Maximum
Speed
Passenger
Complement
Enclosed
Passenger Decks
Notes Image
N/A Feb 2016 100,000 TBD 2,660 12 N/A

Constructed at the Fincantieri shipyards, it will be to date the largest ship to be built for Holland-America, it's to become the size of the Ryndam and Statendam joined together.[15] The new vessel with have a beam of 35 metres, complying with the New Panamax dimensions and allowing it to cruise through the new wider locks currently under construction at the Panama Canal. It is scheduled to launch on February 15, 2016.[18]

Use of former HAL vessels by other cruise lines[edit]

Holland America's parent company Carnival currently owns 3 ships operated by Thomson Cruises, all of which are ex Holland America Ships. Both the Thomson Celebration and Thomson Spirit sailed for Holland America as the Noordam (1984) and Nieuw Amsterdam (1983) before being transferred to the Thomson fleet in 2005 and 2003. Thomson Spirit is operated by Louis Cruises under sub charter to Thomson but the Thomson Celebration remains under the operation of Carnival. The Thomson Dream was built as Homeric in 1986 before moving to Holland America as Westerdam in 1988. After Carnival took over Costa Cruises in 2000 this ship was then transferred to the Costa fleet as Costa Europa in 2002. It has been chartered to Thomson since 2010.[citation needed]

Chartered ships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "About us - History". Holland America Line. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "SS Regina". Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  3. ^ Moore-McCormack Liner Argentina 1958 - Ship Postcards
  4. ^ Moore-McCormack Liner Brasil 1958 - Ship Postcards
  5. ^ Holland America - Statendam (1956) Ocean Liner and Cruise Ship Postcards
  6. ^ Gudmundur Helgason. "Maasdam". uboat.net. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Holland America Ocean Liner Postcards
  8. ^ a b c SS Zuiderkruis, Groote Beer, Waterman
  9. ^ "Zaandam". Uboat. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  10. ^ http://cruise.bwatts.org/HAL22808/Noordamhistory.htm
  11. ^ S. Swiggum and M. Kohli (January 18, 2006). "Nederlandsch-Amerikaansche Stoomvaart Maatschappij / Holland America Line". The Ship List. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Lloyds (1943-44). "Lloyd's Register". Lloyd's Register (through PlimsollShipData). Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Corporate headquarters." Holland America Line. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  14. ^ "2012 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2011-11-20. 
  15. ^ a b Carnival Cruise Lines and Holland America Line Order New Ships - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News
  16. ^ a b c "Ryndam and Statendam to P&O Australia as AU Growth for Carnival Corp. Continues". Cruise Industry News. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  17. ^ Sailing the Sea's of Green
  18. ^ Holland America Line Confirms Date, Size and Class of New Build Cruise Ship - Holland America Line

Bibliography[edit]

  • Card, Stephen J. (2005). Holland America Line, "The Spotless Fleet" : Maritime Paintings. London: Carmania Press. ISBN 0954366654. 
  • Dalkmann, H. A.; Schoonderbeck, A. J. (1998). 125 years of Holland America Line. Edinburgh: Pentland Press. ISBN 1858215900. 

External links[edit]