Holland Codes

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The Holland Codes or the Holland Occupational Themes (RIASEC), is a theory of careers and vocational choice based upon personality types. It was developed by the psychologist John L. Holland. [1] Each letter or code stands for a particular "type": Realistic (Doers), Investigative (Thinkers), Artistic (Creators), Social (Helpers), Enterprising (Persuaders), and Conventional (Organizers)."[2][3] Professor John Johnson of Penn State suggested that an alternative way of categorizing the six types would be through ancient social roles: "hunters (Realistic), shamans (Investigative), artisans (Artistic), healers (Social), leaders (Enterprising), and lorekeepers (Conventional)."[4]

According to the Committee on Scientific Awards, Holland's "research shows that personalities seek out and flourish in career environments they fit and that jobs and career environments are classifiable by the personalities that flourish in them."[1] Holland also wrote of his theory that "the choice of a vocation is an expression of personality."[5] Furthermore, while Holland suggests that people can be "categorized as one of six types, "[6] he also argues that "a six-category scheme built on the assumption that there are only six kinds of people in the world is unacceptable on the strength of common sense alone. But a six category scheme that allows a simple ordering of a person's resemblance to each of the six models provides the possibility of 720 different personality patterns."[7] The US Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) has been using the RIASEC model in the "Interests" section of its free online database, The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) since its inception during the late 1990s.[8][9][10]

The Holland RIASEC hexagon

Sample professions[edit]

The following professions, listed by one type, may be associated with other types as well.

Doers (Realistic)[edit]

"Independent, stable, persistent, genuine, practical, and thrifty [...] tasks that are tactile, physical, athletic, or mechanical [...] being outdoors, using tools, operating machines, interacting with animals, and working with their hands."[11]

Artistic (with a Realistic combination)

Thinkers (Investigative)[edit]

"Intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive. They are curious, methodical, rational, analytical, and logical [...] scholarly, scientific, technical, or medical [...] avid readers. They like to solve problems, perform experiments, and conduct research."[11]

Creators (Artistic)[edit]

"Creative, intuitive, sensitive, articulate, and expressive. They are unstructured, original, nonconforming, and innovative. They rely on feelings, imagination, and inspiration. They like to work with ideas, abstractions, and concepts. They are spontaneous and open-minded."[11]

Helpers (Social)[edit]

"Kind, generous, cooperative, patient, caring, helpful, empathetic, tactful, and friendly. They excel at socializing, helping others, and teaching. They like tasks that involve teamwork, social interaction,relationship building, and improvement of society."[11]

Artistic (with a Social combination)

Persuaders (Enterprising)[edit]

"Adventurous, ambitious, assertive, extroverted, energetic, enthusiastic, confident, and optimistic. They are dominant, persuasive, and motivational [...] They like influencing others, being in charge, taking risks, debating, and competing."[11]

Artistic (with an Enterprising combination)

Organizers (Conventional)[edit]

"Conscientious and conservative. They are logical, efficient, orderly, and organized. They are thorough and detail-oriented. They value precision and accuracy. They are reliable. They enjoy practical tasks, quantitative measurements, and structured environments. They follow the rules."[11]

Artistic (with a Conventional combination)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b John L. Holland: Award for Distinguished Scientific Application of Psychology
  2. ^ New Hampshire Employment Security/New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau
  3. ^ Watertown High School:DISCOVERING YOUR INTERESTS
  4. ^ Selfless Service, Part II: Different Types of Seva
  5. ^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice-Hall, 1973): 6.
  6. ^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice-Hall, 1973): 2.
  7. ^ Holland, John. Making Vocational Choices: a theory of careers. (Prentice-Hall, 1973): 3.
  8. ^ Replace with a database: O*NET replaces the Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  9. ^ Rounds, James, Patrick I. Armstrong, Hsin-Ya Liao, and Phil Lewis & David Rivkin. "Second Generation Occupational Interest Profiles for the O*NET System: Summary." The National Center for O*NET Development, June 2008.
  10. ^ O*NET OnLine: Interests
  11. ^ a b c d e f Birmingham-Southern College Career Services: Careers and Personality
  12. ^ a b c d e University of Oklahoma: Career Services-Majors Classified by Holland Codes
  13. ^ a b c d e University of California, Berkeley: Matching Your Interests in UCB Majors
  14. ^ a b c Overview of John Holland's Six Career Themes: The Community College of Baltimore County
  15. ^ a b c d e Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training: Career Anchor
  16. ^ a b c Virginia Commonwealth University: Discovering Your Major
  17. ^ a b c University of Central Florida: My Major Interests
  18. ^ a b c Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-E
  19. ^ Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-S
  20. ^ Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-R
  21. ^ Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-A
  22. ^ a b Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-I
  23. ^ a b c d e Georgetown University:Career/Major Interest Game
  24. ^ University College, Illinois State University: Holland Code Major Exploration Activity
  25. ^ a b c d e Riverland Community College: Admissions-Career Interest Matching
  26. ^ a b c d e Regent University: How Do I Know I'm In the Right Field?
  27. ^ University College, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis:Matching Personalities with Majors/Careers-R
  28. ^ a b c Central Piedmont Community College-Web Technologies
  29. ^ What science and technology career would be a good fit for me?
  30. ^ Choosing a Major: Holland Occupational Themes - Investigative
  31. ^ Green River Community College: Career Themes (RIASEC)
  32. ^ a b c Holland Codes for University of Missouri Majors
  33. ^ MU Career Center Guide to Holland Codes
  34. ^ University of Texas, San Antonio:Enterprising-The 'Persuaders'
  35. ^ Huntingdon College: RIASEC: What type of person are you, and what career would fit you?-C

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Career matching (free):

College Majors matching (free):

College Extracurriculars (free):

Online tests (free):