Hollingbourne

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Hollingbourne
The Upper Street, Hollingbourne area seen from the North Downs
Hollingbourne as seen from the North Downs
Hollingbourne is in mid-Kent
Hollingbourne is in mid-Kent
Hollingbourne
 Hollingbourne shown within Kent
Population 858 [1]
OS grid reference TQ845285
Civil parish Hollingbourne
District Maidstone
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Maidstone
Dialling code 01622
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Faversham and Mid Kent (UK Parliament constituency)
Website www.hollingbournepc.kentparishes.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°16′01″N 0°38′31″E / 51.267°N 0.642°E / 51.267; 0.642

Hollingbourne is a village and civil parish in the borough of Maidstone in Kent, England. The parish is located on the southward slope of the North Downs to the east of the county town, Maidstone. The parish population is around 900 and has three conservation areas: Upper Street in the village centre and the outlying hamlets of Broad Street and Eyhorne Street.[2][3][4]

Geography[edit]

The village is four miles (6.4 km) from Maidstone. Its church is dedicated to All Saints. Hollingbourne railway station, on the Maidstone-Ashford line, serves the village. There is also a bus connecting Hollingbourne to Maidstone.

The North Downs Way National Trail passes through the village, as does the Pilgrims' Way, an ancient trackway historically associated with pilgrimage routes to Canterbury. The village has two large public houses and

The parish hosts (adjacent to the historic village) part of the M20 motorway and the High Speed 1 rail link and residents in 2007 joined forces with the neighbouring village of Bearsted in voicing their objections to the proposed Kent International Gateway development. The plans after a planning inspectorate appeal were in 2011 rejected by the government.[5] Maidstone services lie within the parish on the north side of the motorway.

History[edit]

Hollingbourne village centre[edit]

The Colepeper Cloth c.1650

Hollingbourne appears in the Domesday Book as Hoilingeborde. It was held partly by the Archbishop of Christ Church, Canterbury and partly by Bishop Odo of Bayeux. Its domesday assets were: 24 ploughs, 8 acres (32,000 m2) of meadow, woodland/herbage worth 40 hogs, two mills and one church. It rendered £30.[6] All Saints Church is a Grade I listed building,[7] made of flint and stone, parts dated 14th, 15th and 17th centuries. Within the church are monuments and stone tombs to Francis Culpeper, d.1591 and Johanna Culpeper, d.1597, Martin Barnham d.1610, Baldwin Duppa d.1737, Samuel Plummer, d.1705, Dame Grace Gethin, d.1697, Philippa Culpeper, d.1630, Elizabeth Culpeper, d.1638 (freestanding chest tomb with white effigy) John, Lord Culpeper, d.1660, erected 1695, Cheney Colepeper, 4th Lord Culpeper, d.l725,[7] the latter were among the governing Virginia/ North Carolina Culpeper family and were major landowners in the village for many generations.

Eyhorne Street[edit]

This hamlet in the south west of Hollingbourne parish has the Grove Mill House downstream on the Hollingbourne and its own conservation area. It has no church and has always been part of the parish. There are 26 grade II listed buildings and one grade II* listed building is shown on maps as restored Godfrey House.;[8] its listing describes it as 16th century, restored 1859, timber framed with plaster infilling, 10-light ovolo-moulded mullioned and transomed oriel window with moulded cornice and plastered ogee base immediately below each eaves dormer, and one of 6 lights to first floor of porch, 3 rectangular ground-floor bays with 10-light ovolo-moulded mullioned and transomed windows on stone bases. Totnams was an ancient farm in the Eyhorne district, and is now the site of grade II listed Cotuams Hall.

Colepeper / Culpeper Cloth[edit]

The church is best known for the centuries-old 'Culpeper cloth' sometimes described as an altar cloth although it is probably too large to have served that function; several books attribute it to the four daughters of Sir John Culpeper, Lord of Greenway Court.[9]

Hollingbourne Manor, a former home of members of the Culpeper family, is a Grade I listed Elizabethan manor house,[10] located at the foot of Hollingbourne Hill. Cotuams House in Eythorne Street was also owned by the family.

Governance[edit]

Hollingbourne in elections every four years elects one representative to Kent County Council, this is currently:

Election Member[11] Ward
2009 Jenny Whittle Maidstone Rural East

Hollingbourne elects one representatives to Maidstone Borough Council, currently:

Election Member[12] Ward
2008 Daphne Parvin North Downs

The parish council has 8 elected councillors last wholly elected on 3 May 2012, with elections every four years.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census 2001
  2. ^ "Hollingbourne Broad Street conservation area". Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Eyhorne Street conservation area". Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Upper Street conservation area". Maidstone BC. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "StopKIG". Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Domesday Book Online
  7. ^ a b English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1203836)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1054873)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Somerville, Christopher (2003). Walks in the Country Near London. London: Globetrotter, New Holland Publishers. pp. 106 of 208. ISBN 9781843301219. 
  10. ^ English Heritage. "Hollingbourne Manor (1203946)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  11. ^ Kent County Councillors. Retrieved 2012-04-30
  12. ^ Maidstone Borough Council North Downs Ward Map. Retrieved 2012-04-30
  13. ^ "Parish Councillors". Retrieved 3 May 2012. 

External links[edit]