The effect of the heat treatment depends on its temperature and its time. The same effect can be achieved with a low temperature and a long holding time, or with a higher temperature and a short holding time.
In the Hollomon–Jaffe parameter, This exchangeability of time and temperature can be described by the following formula:
This formula is not consistent concerning the units; the parameters must be entered in a certain manner. T is in degrees Celsius. The argument of the logarithmic function has the unit hours. C is a parameter unique to the material used. The Hollomon parameter itself is unitless and realistic numeric values vary between 15 and 21.
where T is in kilokelvins, t is in hours, and C is the same as above.
- Brooks, Charlie (1996). Principles of the heat treatment of plain carbon and low alloy steels. ASM International. p. 158. ISBN 0871705389.