Hollywood Foreign Press Association
|Hollywood Foreign Press Association|
|Website||HFPA and the Golden Globe Awards. http://www.goldenglobes.org/|
The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) is an organization composed of working journalists who cover the United States entertainment industry for a variety of outlets, including newspapers and magazines in Europe, Asia, Australia, and Central and South America. Today, the close to ninety members of the HFPA represent at least fifty-five countries and have a combined readership of more than two hundred and fifty million. The organization is best known for its annual Golden Globe Awards ceremony held in Los Angeles every January.
The association was founded in 1943, by a group of Los Angeles-based foreign journalists in an attempt to gain more clout with the studios and make it easier to obtain access to stars, thereby playing a significant role in film marketing.
The organization’s first awards presentation for distinguished achievements in the film industry took place in early 1944 with an informal ceremony at 20th Century Fox. There, Jennifer Jones was awarded Best Actress honors for The Song of Bernadette which also won for Best Film, while Paul Lukas took home Best Actor laurels for Watch on the Rhine. Awards were presented in the form of scrolls.
The following year members came up with the idea of presenting winners with a golden globe encircled with a strip of motion picture film, and mounted on a pedestal.
In 1950, differing philosophies among members caused a schism within the organization, resulting in a split into two separate groups – The Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association and the Foreign Press Association of Hollywood. The separation ended in 1955 when the journalists reunited under the collective title “The Hollywood Foreign Press Association” with firm guidelines and requirements for membership.
In 1955, the Golden Globes began honoring achievements in television as well as in film. The first honorees in the Best Television Show category that year were “Dinah Shore,” “Lucy & Desi,” “The American Comedy” and “Davy Crockett (TV miniseries).”
Currently, the Golden Globes recognize achievements in twenty-five categories: fourteen in motion pictures, and eleven in television.
Membership meetings are held monthly, and the officers and directors are elected annually. A maximum of five journalists may be admitted to the organization each year. To retain "Active" status, each member must be currently accredited by the Motion Picture Association of America and must submit clippings of their work every year to renew their Active status [or be reassigned to a non-voting, "Affiliate" status].
Requirements for Active membership include primary residence in Southern California and a minimum of four published articles per year. The HFPA does not release a list of acceptable publications for those articles, but they are not restricted to popular, main-stream ones.
- Official website of the HFPA and the Golden Globe Awards.
- Through their eyes: foreign correspondents in the United States
- HFPA Announces Timetable for the 68th Annual Golden Globe Awards, Findarticles.com
- "Golden Globe Award & The Best Award in Entertainment - 2010 Golden Globe Awards - Zimbio." Zimbio - Interactive Magazine. Globe Award Best Award Entertainment
- "1943 Academy Awards Winners and History." Greatest Films - The Best Movies in Cinematic History. filmsite.org
- "New Look For Golden Globe Statuette - CBS News." Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. cbsnews.com
- Dragone, Maureen. Who Makes the Golden Globes Go Around? North Hollywood, CA: Highstream, 2005. Print.
- "Golden Globe Awards - The Hollywood Foreign Press Association : Fashion Celebrity Events." Apparel Search, Search for Apparel, Fashion, Clothing, Models, News, Employment, Search Engine, Shopping, Directory, Apparelsearch, Jobs, Clothes, Fashion Industry, Clothing Industry, B2b. apparelsearch.com
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- Official website The Hollywood Foreign Press Association covering the entertainment capital for 68 years.
- New member instructions on Golden Globes website
- Howell, Peter (January 16, 2010). "The powerful nobodies behind the Golden Globes". Toronto Star.