Hollywood Forever Cemetery

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Hollywood Cemetery
Entrance of Hollywood Forever
Hollywood Forever Cemetery is located in Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
Hollywood Forever Cemetery
Location 6000 Santa Monica Blvd., Los Angeles, California
Coordinates 34°5′19″N 118°19′8″W / 34.08861°N 118.31889°W / 34.08861; -118.31889Coordinates: 34°5′19″N 118°19′8″W / 34.08861°N 118.31889°W / 34.08861; -118.31889
Area 62 acres (25 ha)
Architect multiple
Architectural style Exotic Revival, Classical Revival, et al.
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 99000550 [1]
Added to NRHP May 14, 1999

Hollywood Forever Cemetery, originally called Hollywood Memorial Park Cemetery, is one of the oldest cemeteries in Los Angeles, California. It is located at 6000 Santa Monica Boulevard in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles, adjacent to the north wall, or back, of Paramount Studios. Among those interred or entombed in the cemetery are a number of important personalities and famous persons, including men and women from the entertainment industry and important people in the history of Los Angeles and their relatives. The cemetery is active and regularly hosts community events, including music events and summer movie screenings. In 2011 the cemetery became a co-producer of the American silent movie Silent Life based on the story of the Hollywood idol Rudolph Valentino, who is entombed there.

History[edit]

The cemetery, the first in Hollywood,[2] was founded in 1899 on 100 acres (0.40 km2) as "Hollywood Memorial Park Cemetery" by developer Isaac Lankershim and his son-in-law, Isaac Van Nuys.[3] The cemetery sold off large tracts to Paramount Studios, which, with RKO Studios, bought 40 acres (160,000 m2) by 1920. Part of the land was set aside for the Beth Olam Cemetery, a dedicated Jewish burial ground, where people from Hollywood's Jewish community are buried.

In 1939, Jules Roth, a convicted felon and millionaire, bought a 51% stake in the cemetery. He used the money from the cemetery's operations to pay for personal luxuries while allowing the cemetery and crematory to fall into disrepair. In 1952, despite her expressed wish, Roth would not allow the body of Hattie McDaniel to be buried at Hollywood Memorial. At the time of her death, Hollywood Memorial, like other cemeteries, was segregated (the cemetery was desegregated in 1959).[4] On the 47th anniversary of McDaniel's death, the cemetery's current owners dedicated a cenotaph in her honor which resides on the cemetery grounds.[5] The crematory was shut down in July 1974 after the cremation of singer Cass Elliot. According to the cemetery grounds supervisor Daniel Ugarte, the crematory was in such disrepair that the bricks began falling in around Elliot's body (the crematory was later repaired and reopened in 2002).[6]

By the 1980s, the California Cemetery Board began receiving regular complaints from the families of people interred there. Family members complained that the grounds were not kept up and were disturbed to hear stories about vandalism on the grounds. The heirs of makeup artist Max Factor (who was interred in the Beth Olam Mausoleum in 1938) moved his and other Factor family remains after the mausoleum sustained water damage that discolored the walls. In 1986, a Los Angeles woman and 1,000 other plot owners filed a class action lawsuit against the cemetery for invasion of privacy after they discovered that Roth allowed employees of Paramount Pictures to park in the cemetery's parking lot while the studio's parking structure was undergoing construction.[7] To settle tax bills and furnish his lavish lifestyle, he sold two lawns which ran east and west along Santa Monica Boulevard in the late 1980s. These lawns became strip malls which now house, among other businesses, an auto parts store and a laundromat.[8]

After the 1994 Northridge earthquake, Roth failed to repair the roofs and other damages the earthquake caused to crypts. By this time, Hollywood Memorial was no longer making money and only generated revenue by charging families $500 for disinterments.[9] In 1997, Roth was sick after he fell in his Hollywood Hills home. He had been embroiled in a scandal regarding another cemetery he owned, Lincoln Memorial Park Cemetery, in Carson, California. Several months before his death, Roth was bedridden and disoriented. During this time his will was changed to provide for his business associates and maid, who were the only witnesses to his signature; his relatives were written out. Roth died on January 4, 1998, and was interred next to his wife Virginia, his father, and his mother.[8] The state of California had revoked the cemetery's license to sell its remaining plots.[10] After his death, it was discovered that cemetery's endowment care fund, meant to take care of the cemetery till the end of time, missing about $9 million, according to the current owner.[2]

On the verge of closure in the bankruptcy proceeding, Tyler and Brent Cassity purchased the now 62-acre (250,000 m2) property in 1998 for $375,000. They renamed it "Hollywood Forever" and started restoring, refurbishing and adding to it,[11] investing millions in revitalizing the grounds, offering documentaries about the deceased that are to be played in perpetuity on kiosks and are posted on the Web,[12] and organizing tours to draw visitors.[8] Recently, the mausoleum in which Jules Roth is interred has undergone exterior additions which significantly changed the facade and the classical architecture of the structure.

The cemetery has, since 2002, screened films at a gathering called Cinespia on weekends during the summer and on holidays. The screenings are held on the Fairbanks Lawn and the films are projected onto the white marble west wall of the Cathedral Mausoleum.[13] Music events take place in the cemetery as well. On June 14 and 15, 2011, The Flaming Lips played at the cemetery in a two-night gig billed "Everyone You Know Someday Will Die," a lyric from their 2002 single "Do You Realize??"[14]

Tours[edit]

Motion picture historian Karie A. Bible leads walking tours through the cemetery (www.CemeteryTour.com). Ms. Bible is the current "Lady In Black," carrying on the tradition of Ditra Flamé, daughter of a friend of Mr. Valentino, who put a rose on Rudolph Valentino's grave every year.[15]

In popular culture[edit]

Hollywood Forever Cemetery abuts Paramount Studios on its south end.

The award winning film "An Ordinary Couple" was inspired by the building of a Hollywood Forever monument in the Garden of Legends and stars Bernardo Puccio and Orin Kennedy.

A documentary about the cemetery called The Young and the Dead, was made in 2000.[16]

The cemetery is briefly shown in the short Stopover in Hollywood.[17] The television series 90210 featured the cemetery in the episode "Hollywood Forever".

In one scene of the novel Expiration Date by Tim Powers, the main characters are evading the antagonists of the novel by hiding in Hollywood Forever Cemetery. At one point the main hero, Pete Sullivan, remarks at the tomb of Bugsy Siegel that his late Hollywood producer father was friends with Siegel and many of the other celebrities interred at Hollywood Forever. To illustrate, Sullivan knocks the first few beats of "Shave-and-a-Haircut" on the marble slab of Siegel's crypt, and, a moment later, receives the response "Two-Bits" knocked from inside the crypt.

A scene from the 2010 movie Valentine's Day took place in the cemetery. The movie shown in the cemetery was Hot Spell (1958).

A song titled "Hollywood Forever Cemetery Sings" appears on the Father John Misty album, Fear Fun.

Partial list of people buried[edit]

Use the following alphabetical links to find someone:

A[edit]

Headstone of costume designer Adrian

B[edit]

Mel Blanc's tombstone

C[edit]

D[edit]

Tombs of the DeMille family

E[edit]

F[edit]

Tomb of Douglas Fairbanks Sr. and Jr.

G[edit]

H[edit]

Grave of John Huston

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

Peter Lorre's crypt

M[edit]

Hattie McDaniel cenotaph

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Burial site of Tyrone Power

R[edit]

S[edit]

Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel's crypt

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Rudolph Valentino's crypt

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b Spindler, Amy M. (November 15, 1998). "Getting In". New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ Foliart, Lauren (September 1, 2011). "Cemetery Historian". Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
    "Incorporated". Los Angeles Times. August 15, 1899. "The Hollywood Cemetery Association filed articles of incorporation yesterday." 
  4. ^ "Actress Hattie McDaniel Gets Final Wish". nbclearn.com. October 27, 1999. 
  5. ^ Price Davis, Anita (2013). The Margaret Mitchell Encyclopedia. McFarland. p. 147. ISBN 0-786-49245-7. 
  6. ^ LeDuff, Charlie (December 1, 2002). "Comeback for Resting Place of Movie Stars". latimes.com. 
  7. ^ Russell, Ron. "Splendor Fades at Final Resting Place of Famous, Almost Famous". latimes.com. 
  8. ^ a b c Silverman, Jacob (September 22, 2011). "Burial Plots". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  9. ^ Schiffman, Betsy (November 11, 2002). "Grave Business". forbes.com. 
  10. ^ Purdum, Todd S. (December 11, 1997). "Los Angeles Journal; Cemetery to the Stars Wins a Court Reprieve". New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d Cathcart, Rebecca (June 7, 2008). "Where Hollywood's Stars Are Interred, but Live Forever on Screen". New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2008. "In 1998 Tyler Cassity, a friend of Mr. Boileau's from St. Louis, bought the 62-acre (250,000 m2) property for $375,000 and began making renovations. Mr. Cassity's family runs Forever Enterprises." 
  12. ^ LeDuff, Charlie (December 1, 2002). "Comeback for Resting Place of Movie Stars". New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  13. ^ Alzayat, Dima (August 12, 2011). "Cinespia celebrates age 10 by staying up all night". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  14. ^ Martens, Todd (May 3, 2011). "Flaming Lips' Hollywood Forever Cemetery gigs go on sale Friday". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Karie Bible". Hollywood Forever Cimetery Walking Tour. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  16. ^ Salamon, Julie (May 18, 2002). "Television Review; So You Missed the Funeral? Come See the Video Tribute". New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  17. ^ Stopover in Hollywood, Documentary at the Internet Movie Database
  18. ^ "Character Actor Richard Dunn Dies at 84". Associated Press (msnbc.com). 2010-06-24. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  19. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8966431

External links[edit]