Hollywood marriage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A Hollywood marriage originally meant a glamorous high society marriage between celebrities involved in the U.S. film industry; the word "Hollywood" is often used to represent the US film industry. However, the term has grown to also have strong negative connotations of a marriage that is of short duration and quickly ends in separation or divorce.[1] The term developed the negative connotations fairly early; by the 1930s, a "Hollywood marriage" was a marriage both glamorous and short-lived.[2][3] This connotation may also have related, at times, to moral panics over Hollywood's influence on the culture.[4]

Issues[edit]

Sympathetic views of celebrities point out that in Hollywood, it is mostly the bad marriages that are documented by the media, giving a skewed perspective that might make "Hollywood marriages" appear to have a worse success rate than they have in reality. In 1972 Bob Thomas of the Associated Press remarked specifically about the tendency to ignore lasting celebrity marriages with the examples he gave including Bob Hope's marriage to Dolores Hope and Rosalind Russell's marriage to producer Frederick Brisson.[5]

Negative views of Hollywood marriages take the position that the divorce rates are indeed unusually high among celebrities and that this is caused by faults within Hollywood as a culture or by personal faults of the celebrities themselves. They point to the usage of weddings as publicity stunts, the egotism or immaturity of celebrities or "celebrity culture", and high rates of infidelity or promiscuity. Bee Wilson, in an article for The Daily Telegraph, critiqued "Hollywood marriages" for often being based on the unrealistic dreams of what she termed "permanent children," although she points to some classic Hollywood couples, like Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart or Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward, as exceptions to these criticisms.[6] While the introduction to the Cultural Sociology of Divorce: An Encyclopedia edited by Robert E. Emery specifically mentions Hollywood divorces as epitomizing a "consumerist, throw-away-marriage view found in the West."[7]

The actors and entertainers themselves vary in perspective on the commonality or reason for divorce in Hollywood. In 1961 Anne Baxter stated Hollywood was "the most difficult place in America for marriage" due, in part, to the "terrible extremes of success and failure" both spouses may face.[8] In a 1964 interview Mitzi Gaynor, who would remain married to the husband mentioned in the interview until his death, took the more "defensive" position that "Hollywood" couples look different mostly because "everything we do is magnified." Although she conceded they might be slightly different because "you have to be a little off-center to get into this business in the first place."[9]

Beyond anecdote or opinion the actual evidence on the matter is complicated by differing definitions of who qualifies as a "celebrity" or "Hollywood." That stated a study from Radford University placed "dancers and choreographers" as the occupations having the highest percent currently divorced[10] with "Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other" still being above average at tenth. That placed them between "Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides" at ninth and "Baggage porters and concierges" at eleventh.[11] In 1900 "actors, professional showmen" were listed as having the highest divorce rate of occupations, but as this predates even the incorporation of Hollywood it refers to the profession itself rather than "Hollywood" or "celebrity culture" as we know it.[12] A Forbes article placed "professional athletes and entertainers" together and with a high divorce rate.[13]

Living entertainers whose marriages lasted approximately a year or less[edit]

The idea that the term "Hollywood marriage" equates to something short-term is sometimes displayed by citing celebrities who had marriages that ended in divorce, separation or annulment within approximately one year. The following examples of that are primarily restricted to marriages involving a notable actor or director linked to "Hollywood" in some way.

Living entertainers who were married for fifty years or more[edit]

Entertainment couples that last for decades, and/or life, are occasionally used as a counterpoint when referring to "Hollywood marriage."[49] In relation to that here is a selection of entertainers who have or had marriages that lasted over 50 years.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jet September 23, 1985. Books.google.com. 1985-09-23. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  2. ^ "St. Joseph News-Press - July 31, 1938". News.google.com. 1938-07-31. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  3. ^ "The Border Cities Star - April 3, 1935". News.google.com. 1935-04-03. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  4. ^ Moffitt, J C (1933-07-23). ""Hollywood's 'Big Parade' To The Reno Divorce Mill Result of Actors' Insatiable Craving for Publicity" from the Hartford Courant on July 23, 1933". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  5. ^ AP via The Palm Beach Post - April 23, 1972
  6. ^ Wilson, Bee (2007-02-11). ""Movie Stars plus marriage equals disaster" Daily Telegraph: 11 February 2007". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  7. ^ Cultural Sociology of Divorce edited by Robert E. Emery
  8. ^ The Miami News - June 5, 1961
  9. ^ The Pittsburgh Press - June 19, 1964
  10. ^ The Washington Post
  11. ^ Business Insider
  12. ^ Overcoming Bias
  13. ^ Forbes via "love to know."
  14. ^ Colonist, Times (2008-05-05). "Canada.com". Canada.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  15. ^ "BBC". BBC News. 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  16. ^ a b Karen Thomas, USA TODAY (2005-09-16). "USA Today". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  17. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (2001-07-10). "(magazine)". People. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  18. ^ Darst, Jeanne (2001-12-18). "(magazine)". People. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  19. ^ Sun-Times Obituary for Sheila Marie Ryan Caan
  20. ^ "IOL". Breakingnews.iol.ie. 2004-05-26. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  21. ^ "MSNBC". MSNBC. 2004-05-25. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  22. ^ "The Madison Courier - July 30, 1997". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  23. ^ "Lakeland Ledger - August 27, 1997". News.google.com. 1997-08-27. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  24. ^ "The Confused Life of Kim Darby" in The Prescott Courier of February 22, 1971
  25. ^ "Sarasota Herald-Tribune - April 8, 1994". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  26. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - April 7, 1994". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  27. ^ Lipton, Michael A. (1999-05-03). "People Magazine on Patty Duke". People.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  28. ^ Victoria Barrett (2003-12-19). "The Guardian on Sean Astin". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  29. ^ "2004 Article on Michael Tell from Las Vegas Review-Journal". Reviewjournal.com. 2004-02-29. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  30. ^ "The Vindicator - September 7, 1993". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  31. ^ Herald-Journal - October 3, 1989: "It seemed like a good idea at the time," says Simon. "It was like a dare."
  32. ^ "Resident Evil star Milla Jovovich admits she married Shawn Andrews as a teenager as she wanted a bank card" in The Daily Telegraph
  33. ^ Digital Spy
  34. ^ WUSN-FM/US99.5
  35. ^ The Star-Ledger
  36. ^ The Miami News of April 29, 1983
  37. ^ Schenectady Gazette of March 23, 1985
  38. ^ "The Telegraph-Herald - July 27, 1949". News.google.com. 1949-07-27. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  39. ^ "Spokane Daily Chronicle - September 12, 1946". News.google.com. 1946-09-12. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  40. ^ "Sarasota Herald-Tribune - December 8, 1971". News.google.com. 1971-12-08. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  41. ^ "The Phoenix - March 29, 1971". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  42. ^ "Edmonton Journal - May 21, 1943". News.google.com. 1943-05-21. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  43. ^ "The Victoria Advocate - October 29, 1977". News.google.com. 1977-10-29. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  44. ^ "The Mirror". The Mirror. 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  45. ^ "Lakeland Ledger - February 20, 1996". News.google.com. 1996-02-20. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  46. ^ "New York Daily News". Nydailynews.com. 2004-01-05. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  47. ^ "Sydney Morning Herald". Smh.com.au. 2004-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  48. ^ Los Angeles Times of January 26, 1963
  49. ^ ""A Hollywood Marriage That Succeeded", article on Ida Cantor's death from The Deseret News on August 10, 1962". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  50. ^ Starr, Michael. "Johnny Carson's favorite comic still standing". New York York Post. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  51. ^ "Broadway thesp Peggy Lloyd dies at 98". Variety Magazine. 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2011-08-31. 
  52. ^ The New York Times
  53. ^ Obituary in Variety
  54. ^ "NPR". NPR. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  55. ^ Los Angeles Times of August 20, 1989
  56. ^ TCM profile
  57. ^ Lester, Shallon (2008-10-30). "New York Daily news obituary of Estelle Reiner". Nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  58. ^ Welkos, Robert W.; King, Susan (2008-04-06). "Obituary of Charlton Heston from Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  59. ^ By RICHARD CORLISS Thursday, April 10, 2008 (2008-04-10). "Obituary of Charlton Heston in Time Magazine". Time.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  60. ^ "Overview for William Daniels". TCM. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  61. ^ "Broadway World on a joint-project they did". Losangeles.broadwayworld.com. 2009-05-16. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  62. ^ Douglas, Family. "Douglas History". Douglas History. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  63. ^ Monterey Herald via Legacy
  64. ^ "BBC article on their star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". BBC News. 2007-02-10. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  65. ^ Biography.com
  66. ^ TV Radio Mirror
  67. ^ "Just who is Danny Aiello" from CBS News
  68. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Garner.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  69. ^ CNN
  70. ^ The Fayetteville Observer
  71. ^ Princeton Patch
  72. ^ "Christopher biography at Best Care Anywhere". Bestcareanywhere.net. 1932-10-20. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  73. ^ Obituary of Robert Sterling in the New York Times
  74. ^ "Playbill obituary of Peter Shaw". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  75. ^ "USA Today". USA Today. 2004-01-29. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  76. ^ Obituary for Dr. James Vincent McNulty in The Los Angeles Times
  77. ^ "Mitzi Gaynor still has 'Razzle Dazzle!'" in the Patriot Ledger of April 20, 2012
  78. ^ USA Today
  79. ^ Bostn Globe
  80. ^ TCM Profile for Paula Prentiss
  81. ^ People Magazine
  82. ^ The Dispatch - December 14, 2002
  83. ^ Interview in Patheos on his Golden Anniversary
  84. ^ "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette obituary for Jean Speegle Howard". News.google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  85. ^ Article in "The Telegraph" about Sofia Coppola
  86. ^ Book Review of "Notes on a Life" in The New York Times
  87. ^ The Miami News - January 4, 1963
  88. ^ Interview in the Miami Herald of January 20, 2013
  89. ^ Post to:. "Obituary of Paul Newman in People magazine". People.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 

References[edit]

  • Grazer, Gigi Levangie. The starter wife. Simon & Schuster, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7432-6502-7.  Lede: Husband dumps wife by cellphone and upgrades to a younger version.(not verbatim quote) p28: Chapter: "Seven stages of a Hollywood marriage"