Holman ministry (1913–1916)

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State of New South Wales (1911–1915)

The Holman ministry (1913 – 1916) or First Holman ministry or Holman Labor ministry was the 35th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 19th Premier, the Honourable William Holman, MLA.

Holman was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1898, serving until 1920, before being elected to the Australian House of Representatives. Holman, as Deputy Leader, managed the business of government during extended absences overseas by Premier James McGowen. When it became clear that McGowen was not prepared to continue as the Leader of the Australian Labor Party, Holman was elected Leader and was commissioned to form government by Sir Gerald Strickland, Governor of New South Wales.

The ministry covers the period from 30 June 1913 until 15 November 1916[1][2] when Holman formed a Nationalist coalition government with the leader of the opposition, Charles Wade, as a result of a split in the Labor Party concerning World War I conscription. In an unusual measure, Holman, as a Labor Premier and Leader, was suspended as a member of the Labor Party for supporting conscription.

Composition of ministry[edit]

First arrangement[edit]

The composition of the ministry was announced by Premier Holman on 30 June 1913 and covers the period up to 29 January 1914, unless the Minister retains the portfolio for the full term. Ministers are listed in order of seniority.

Portfolio Minister Party Term commence Term end Term of office
Premier Hon. William Holman, MLA   Labor 30 June 1913 15 November 1916 3 years, 138 days
Colonial Secretary
Attorney General
  29 January 1914 213 days
Colonial Treasurer Hon. John Cann, MLA  
Secretary for Lands Hon. John Treflé, MLA a   11 January 1915 1 year, 195 days
Minister of Agriculture   29 January 1914 213 days
Minister for Public Works Hon. Arthur Griffith, MLA   15 March 1915 1 year, 258 days
Minister of Justice Hon. David Hall, MLC   15 November 1916 3 years, 138 days
Minister of Public Instruction Hon. Ambrose Carmichael, MLA b   5 March 1915 1 year, 248 days
Secretary for Mines Hon. Alfred Edden, MLA c   29 January 1914 213 days
Minister for Labour and Industry Hon. James McGowen, MLA d  
Minister for Public Health Hon. Fred Flowers, MLC   27 April 1915 1 year, 301 days
Vice-President of the Executive Council
Representative of the Government in Legislative Council
 
^a Treflé died on 11 January 1915, while in office.
^b Carmichael resigned over concerns with preparations for World War I.
^c Edden resigned from the ministry, triggering the reshuffle.
^d McGovern resigned from the ministry, and was later appointed by Holman to the Legislative Council.

Second arrangement[edit]

Triggered by the resignation of Edden and the decision of McGowen to resign on the same date (with Holman agreeing to appoint McGowen to the Legislative Council), this arrangement covers the period from 29 January 1914 until 15 March 1915, unless the Minister retains the portfolio for the full term. Ministers are listed in order of seniority. Only changes in portfolios are shown below.

Portfolio Minister Party Term commence Term end Term of office
Colonial Treasurer Hon. William Holman, MLA   Labor 29 January 1914 15 November 1916 2 years, 291 days
Solicitor General   19 January 1915 6 February 1915 18 days
Minister of Public Instruction   6 March 1915 15 March 1915 9 days
Colonial Secretary Hon. John Cann, MLA   29 January 1914 15 March 1915 1 year, 60 days
Secretary for Mines  
Attorney General Hon. David Hall, MLA e   15 November 1916 2 years, 306 days
Secretary for Lands Hon. William Ashford, MLA   12 January 1915 15 November 1916 1 year, 308 days
Minister of Agriculture   29 January 1914 23 February 1915 1 year, 25 days
Hon. George Black, MLA   23 February 1915 15 March 1915 20 days
Minister for Labour and Industry Hon. John Estell, MLA   29 January 1914 31 October 1916 2 years, 276 days
Minister without portfolio Hon. Henry Hoyle, MLA  
^e Hall transitioned from the Legislative Council to the Legisliative Assembly in 1913, elected as the Member for Enmore.

Third arrangement[edit]

This arrangement covers the period from 15 March 1915 until 15 November 1916, when Holman reconstituted his ministry in coalition with the Nationalist Party, due to a split in the Labor Party over conscription. Only changes in portfolios are shown below.

Portfolio Minister Party Term commence Term end Term of office
Colonial Secretary Hon. George Black, MLA   Labor 15 March 1915 15 November 1916 1 year, 245 days
Minister for Public Works Hon. John Cann, MLA  
Minister for Public Instruction Hon. Arthur Griffith, MLA f   7 November 1916 1 year, 237 days
Secretary for Mines
Minister for Labour and Industry
Hon. John Estell, MLA   31 October 1916 1 year, 230 days
Hon. Henry Hoyle, MLA f   31 October 1916 15 November 1916 15 days
Minister for Public Health Hon. George Black, MLA f   27 April 1915 1 year, 202 days
Minister for Agriculture Hon. William Ashford, MLA   15 March 1915 1 June 1915 78 days
Hon. W. C. Grahame, MLA   1 June 1915 15 November 1916 1 year, 167 days
Minister without portfolio   15 March 1915 1 June 1915 78 days
Vice President of the Executive Council
Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
Hon. John Fitzgerald, MLC   27 April 1915 15 November 1916 1 year, 202 days
^f Resigning over Holman's position of supporting conscription were Griffith (7 November 1916) and Hoyle and Black (15 November 1916). Holman commenced negotiations with Wade, and defected to the Nationalist Party, retaining the title of Premier.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)" (Excel spreadsheet). Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Wah, Malvyne Jong; Page, Jeffrey E. (November 2007). New South Wales Parliamentary Record 1824 – 2007 (PDF) VIII. Parliament of New South Wales. pp. 264–265. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
Preceded by
McGowen ministry
Holman ministry
1913 – 1916
Succeeded by
Holman ministry (1916 – 1920)