Holmes County, Mississippi
|Holmes County, Mississippi|
Location in the state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
764.18 sq mi (1,979 km²)
756.00 sq mi (1,958 km²)
8.18 sq mi (21 km²), 1.07%
28/sq mi (11/km²)
Holmes County is a county located in the Mississippi Delta region of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of 2010, the population was 19,198. It is named in honor of David Holmes, the first governor of Mississippi. Its county seat is Lexington. Holmes County has the lowest life expectancy of any county in the United States, either for men or women.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 764.18 square miles (1,979.2 km2), of which 756.00 square miles (1,958.0 km2) (or 98.93%) is land and 8.18 square miles (21.2 km2) (or 1.07%) is water.
Major highways 
- Interstate 55
- U.S. Route 49
- U.S. Route 51
- Mississippi Highway 12
- Mississippi Highway 14
- Mississippi Highway 17
- Mississippi Highway 19
Adjacent counties 
- Carroll County (north)
- Attala County (east)
- Yazoo County (south)
- Humphreys County (west)
- Leflore County (northwest)
||Leflore County||Carroll County|
|Humphreys County||Attala County|
National protected areas 
- Hillside National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge
- Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge (part)
|MS Counties 1900-1990
GeoHive - 2000 & 2010 statistics
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,609 people, 7,314 households, and 5,229 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 8,439 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 20.47% White, 78.66% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,314 households out of which 11.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.10% were married couples living together, 21.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.50% were non-families. 16.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.48.
In the county the population was spread out with 32.10% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 18.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 87.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $17,235, and the median income for a family was $21,757. Males had a median income of $23,720 versus $17,883 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,683. About 35.90% of families and 41.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.30% of those under age 18 and 36.40% of those age 65 or over.
|2008||18.0% 1,714||81.4% 7,765||0.7% 64|
|2004||23.4% 1,961||75.9% 6,366||0.7% 56|
|2000||26.1% 1,937||73.4% 5,447||0.5% 38|
|1996||24.0% 1,536||73.6% 4,720||2.4% 155|
|1992||28.2% 1,694||68.0% 4,092||3.8% 228|
|1988||33.7% 2,737||65.8% 5,350||0.5% 39|
|1984||35.4% 3,102||64.4% 5,641||0.1% 10|
|1980||32.3% 2,693||65.5% 5,463||2.2% 180|
|1976||33.8% 2,438||64.1% 4,616||2.1% 149|
|1972||47.2% 3,158||51.7% 3,459||1.0% 69|
|1968||7.0% 520||52.4% 3,881||40.6% 3,008|
|1964||96.6% 3,115||3.4% 110||0.0% 0|
|1960||17.7% 455||24.5% 628||57.8% 1,484|
Holmes is a heavily Democratic county in Presidential and Congressional elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Barry Goldwater in 1964. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama won 81% of the county's vote.
- Acona, Mississippi
- Coxburg, Mississippi
- Ebenezer, Mississippi
- Egypt, Holmes County, Mississippi
- Franklin, Mississippi
- Good Hope, Holmes County, Mississippi
- Howard, Mississippi
- Ituma, Mississippi
- Lexington, Mississippi
- Marcella, Mississippi
- Montgomery, Mississippi
- Owens Wells, Mississippi
- Richland, Holmes County, Mississippi
- Tchula, Mississippi
- Thornton, Mississippi
- Tolarville, Mississippi
- West, Mississippi
- Holmes Community College (Goodman)
- Public Schools
- Durant Public School District
- Holmes County School District (Lexington)
- J.J. McClain High School
- S.V. Marshall High School
- William-Sullivan high School
- J.J. McClain Middle School
- Mileston Middle School
- Goodman-Pickens Elementary School
- Lexington Elementary School
- S.V. Marshall Elementary School
- Williams-Sullivan Elementary School
- The Learning Center
- Vocational-Technical Center
- Private Schools
Unique facts about Holmes County 
- The Order of the Eastern Star considers the "Little Red Schoolhouse" on Mississippi Highway 17 in Richland to be its birthplace.
- Famed blues guitarist and singer-songwriter B.B. King lived in Lexington.
- Pulitzer-prize-winning historian David Herbert Donald is from Goodman.
- Shidoshi Bryce Dallas, founder of the martial art 'Konigun Ninjutsu', attended school in West.
- Mississippi governor Edmond Noel was from Lexington.
- Holmes County State Park is located off I-55 south of Durant.
- Holmes County has 16 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The county newspaper is the Holmes County Herald.
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Holmes County, Mississippi
- USS Holmes County (LST-836)
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Life expectancy in U.S. trails top nations". CNN. 16 June 2011.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Contact Us." Central Holmes Christian School. Retrieved on March 23, 2013. "130 Robert E. Lee Street Lexington, MS 39095"
- "Profile of Pillow Academy 2010-2011." Pillow Academy. Retrieved on March 25, 2012.
- Lynch, Adam (18 November 2009). "Ceara’s Season". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Holmes County Herald
- Library of Congress - The Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection - Photos of life in 1930s-era Holmes County
- Sue (Lorenzi) Sojourner and Cheryl Reitan, Thunder of Freedom: Black Leadership and the Transformation of 1960s Mississippi, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2013. Memoir of civil rights work in Holmes County. ISBN 0813140935