Holmes County, Ohio

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Holmes County, Ohio
Seal of Holmes County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Holmes County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded January 20, 1824[1]
Named for Andrew Holmes
Seat Millersburg
Largest village Millersburg
Area
 • Total 423.98 sq mi (1,098 km2)
 • Water 1.45 sq mi (4 km2), 0.34%
Population
 • (2010) 42,366
 • Density 100.3/sq mi (39/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.holmescounty.com

Holmes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 42,366, which is an increase of 8.8% from 38,943 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Millersburg.[3] The county was formed in 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne counties and organized the following year. It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer killed in the War of 1812.[4]

A large Amish community of about 36,000 exists in Northeast-Central Ohio, centered on Holmes County and extending into surrounding counties.[5] Holmes County houses the highest percentage of Amish of any U.S. county, currently 42 percent of the population, and experts speculate that within 15 years Holmes County may be the first majority Amish county.[6] The overall Amish population of the area, centered on Holmes County, is the largest Amish community in the world.[5] Called locally "Amish Country", it draws many visitors to the county thus making tourism an important sector of the local economy.

History[edit]

Holmes County was formed on January 20, 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne Counties. It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer in the War of 1812. During the Civil War, small-scale riots broke out in ethnic German areas. Holmes County was an isolated localistic area dominated by Pennsylvania Dutch and some recent German immigrants. It was a Democratic stronghold and few men dared speak out in favor of conscription. Local politicians denounced Lincoln and Congress as despotic, seeing the draft law as a violation of their local autonomy. In June 1863, small scale disturbances broke out; they ended when the Army sent in armed units.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 423.98 square miles (1,098.1 km2), of which 422.53 square miles (1,094.3 km2) (or 99.66%) is land and 1.45 square miles (3.8 km2) (or 0.34%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 9,135
1840 18,088 98.0%
1850 20,452 13.1%
1860 20,589 0.7%
1870 18,177 −11.7%
1880 20,776 14.3%
1890 21,139 1.7%
1900 19,511 −7.7%
1910 17,909 −8.2%
1920 16,965 −5.3%
1930 16,726 −1.4%
1940 17,876 6.9%
1950 18,760 4.9%
1960 21,591 15.1%
1970 23,024 6.6%
1980 29,416 27.8%
1990 32,849 11.7%
2000 38,943 18.6%
2010 42,366 8.8%
Est. 2012 43,025 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[2]
Amish farmer plowing fields with mules

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 38,943 people, 11,337 households, and 9,194 families residing in the county. The population density was 92 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 12,280 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.03% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population. 56.1% spoke English, 20.1% Pennsylvania German, 15.8% German and 7.1% "Dutch"[11] as their first language.

There were 11,337 households out of which 44.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.50% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.90% were non-families. 16.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.35 and the average family size was 3.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 35.60% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,944, and the median income for a family was $40,230. Males had a median income of $28,490 versus $20,602 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,197. About 10.50% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Holmes County has a relatively high number of residents who do not speak English at home. According to the 2000 census, almost 36% of the population speak either Pennsylvania Dutch or German at home, and a further 7% speak Dutch.[11] 42.92% of the total population and 50.28% of the children in 5-17 age range uses German/Pennsylvania German or Dutch[11] at home.[12]

Government[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Holmes County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels
Amish couple in a horse-drawn buggy in rural Holmes County

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Holmes County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Holmes County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Holmes County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ a b "Fact Sheets: Holmes County and Amish Country". Holmes County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved July 29, 2012. . Quote: "Approximately 36,000 Amish residents make the region the largest Amish community in the world. Centered in Holmes County, Amish Country extends into each of the surrounding five counties. The Amish community has existed in this region of Ohio since 1809."
  6. ^ "Estimate: A New Amish Community is Founded Every 3 1/2 Weeks in U.S.". The Ohio State University. Retrieved 2013-06-17. . Quote: "“My guess is that in 15 years, we’ll witness a county whose population is majority Amish, and Holmes County is likely to gain that distinction first. Perhaps LaGrange County in Indiana will not be far behind,” Donnermeyer said."
  7. ^ Kenneth H. Wheeler, "Local autonomy and civil war draft resistance: Holmes County, Ohio," Civil War History, June 1999, Vol. 45 Issue 2, pp 147-58
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c It is likely that those reporting such confused Dutch with German
  12. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&county_id=75&mode=geographic&zip=&place_id=&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°34′N 81°56′W / 40.56°N 81.93°W / 40.56; -81.93