Holocaust Memorial Days
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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day may refer to one of several commemorations of the Holocaust.
|United Nations||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session |
|Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries)||27 Nisan (April/May)||Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (the Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day)||Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.
The date relates both to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which began 13 days earlier, and to the Israeli Independence Day which is eight days later.
|European Union||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||Since 2005 |
|Bulgaria||March 10||The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population. In 2013 the day was officially designated as Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity". |
|Czech Republic||27 January||Den pamatky obeti holocaustu a predchazeni zlocinu proti lidskosti (Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity)|
|France||16 July||Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver (Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup)||Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris on this date in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz.|
|Germany||27 January||Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism)|
|Greece||27 January||Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaytomatos (National Holocaust Memorial Day)||since 2004 |
|Italy||27 January||Giorno della Memoria (Memorial Day)|
|Netherlands||4 May||Nationale Herdenkingsdag (National Memorial Day)|
|Poland||19 April||Holocaust Remembrance Day||Anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising|
|Romania||9 October||Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului (National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust)|
|Serbia||22 April||Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)|
|United Kingdom||27 January||Holocaust Memorial Day|
|United States||8 May||Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust||Proposed by Steven Spielberg, film director of Schindler's List, a story of a Nazi party member who saved 1,100 Jews from extermination. Not a federal holiday, but in 2005 the United States had a "moment of silence" on the 60th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany. The world became more aware of the Holocaust when Allied troops liberated those held in Nazi concentration camps.|
|United States||8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah||Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH)||Established by Congress as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies, with the participation of States, Cities, and military ships and stations. The annual National Civic Commemoration is held in the Capitol Rotunda. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum provides support materials linked to an annual theme. The Department of Defense produced a resource guide for military programs.|
|Manitoba & Alberta, Canada||27 Nisan (April/May)||The Canadian provinces of Alberta  and Manitoba enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.|
As of 2004, twelve countries observe the January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.
As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe have chosen dates related to local histories.