Holocaust Memorial Days

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Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day may refer to a number of world-wide commemorations of the Holocaust taking place during World War II.

Country Date Name Notes
United Nations 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session [1]
Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries) 27 Nisan (April/May) Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (the Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day) Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

The date relates both to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which began 13 days earlier, and to the Israeli Independence Day which is eight days later. [2]

European Union 27 January International Holocaust Remembrance Day Since 2005 [3]
Bulgaria March 10 Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity" The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population, officially designated in 2013. [4]
Czech Republic 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity Czech: Den pamatky obeti holocaustu a predchazeni zlocinu proti lidskosti
France 16 July Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup French: Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver. Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris on this date in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz.
Germany 27 January Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism German: Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus
Greece 27 January National Holocaust Memorial Day Greek: Εθνική Ηµέρα Μνήµης Ολοκαυτώµατος (Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaytomatos), since 2004. [5]
Italy 27 January Memorial Day Italian: Giorno della Memoria
Netherlands 4 May Nationale Herdenkingsdag (National Memorial Day) There is a separate Auschwitzherdenking (liberation of Auschwitz memorial) every last sunday of January
Poland 19 April Holocaust Remembrance Day Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising [6]
Romania 9 October National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust Romanian: Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului
Serbia 22 April Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
Sweden 1 April 'Förintelsens minnesdag' (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
United Kingdom 27 January Holocaust Memorial Day
United States 8 May Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust Proposed by Steven Spielberg, film director of Schindler's List, a story of a Nazi party member who saved 1,100 Jews from extermination. Not a federal holiday, but in 2005 the United States had a "moment of silence" on the 60th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany. The world became more aware of the Holocaust when Allied troops liberated those held in Nazi concentration camps.
United States 8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH) Established by Congress as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies, with the participation of States, Cities, and military ships and stations. The annual National Civic Commemoration is held in the Capitol Rotunda. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum provides support materials linked to an annual theme. The Department of Defense produced a resource guide for military programs.
Manitoba & Alberta, Canada 27 Nisan (April/May) The Canadian provinces of Alberta [7] and Manitoba enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.[8]

As of 2004, twelve countries observe the January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.

As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe have chosen dates related to local histories.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holocaust remembrance at www.UN.org.
  2. ^ "Remembrance Day Calendar". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ Government: sessions at www.ukom.gov.si
  4. ^ Bulgaria marks its Holocaust Remembrance day, The Sofia Echo, March 10 2011 (retrieved October 10, 2013)
  5. ^ Anazitisi: Nomothetiko at www.HellenicParliament.gr
  6. ^ ODIHR. "Obchody Dnia Pamieci o Holokauscie" (PDF file, direct download 5.14 MB). Yad Vashem. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Documents: Acts at www.qp.Alberta.ca
  8. ^ Laws: Statutes at web2.Gov.MB.ca