Holothuria floridana

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Holothuria floridana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order: Aspidochirotida
Family: Holothuriidae
Genus: Holothuria
Species: H. floridana
Binomial name
Holothuria floridana
Pourtalés, 1851 [1]
Synonyms
  • Cuvieria (Holothuria) floridana Pourtalès, 1851
  • Holothuria heilprini Ives, 1890
  • Holothuria nitida Ives, 1890
  • Holothuria silamensis Ives, 1890

Holothuria floridana, the Florida sea cucumber, is a species of marine invertebrate in the family Holothuriidae. It is found on the seabed just below the low tide mark in Florida, the Bahamas and the Caribbean.

Description[edit]

The Florida sea cucumber can grow to a length of up to 8 inches (200 mm). It has an elongated cylindrical shape with a tough, leathery skin with blunt conical protuberances. On the underside it has several rows of short tube feet. On one end is the mouth surrounded by a ring of feeding tentacles. The body colour is mottled brown, fawn and white.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Florida sea cucumber is found at depths of up to 5 metres (16 ft) on sand and on seagrass beds in the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and the coasts of Florida.[3]

Biology[edit]

The Florida sea cucumber moves across the sandy seabed sifting through the sand with its tentacles and feeding on detritus and other organic particles.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paulay, Gustav (2012). "Holothuria (Halodeima) floridana Pourtalés, 1851". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-06-11. 
  2. ^ Florida Sea Cucumber Florent's guide to the tropical reefs. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
  3. ^ a b Holothuria floridana Saltcorner. Retrieved 2011-06-11.