Holsteinborg Castle

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Holsteinborg
Holsteingborg (Sjælland).JPG
Holsteinborg's north wing with the main gate
Holsteinborg Castle is located in Denmark
Holsteinborg Castle
General information
Architectural style Renaissance/Neoclassical
Location Slagelse Municipality
Country Denmark
Coordinates 55°12′53.15″N 11°27′48.07″E / 55.2147639°N 11.4633528°E / 55.2147639; 11.4633528Coordinates: 55°12′53.15″N 11°27′48.07″E / 55.2147639°N 11.4633528°E / 55.2147639; 11.4633528
Construction started 1596

Holsteinborg Castle is a manor house located 12 kilometres southeast of Skælskør, Slagelse Municipality, Denmark. It was built in the first half of the 17th century by members of the Trolle family, who gave it the name Trolholm, but has been owned by the Holstein family since 1707. Hans Christian Andersen was a frequent visitor to the estate in the middle of the 19th century. The main building is situated close to the coast, overlooking Holsteinborg Nor, a shallow watered cove which is almost closed off from the Småland Sea and Great Belt by Glænø, Glænø Stenfed and Glænø Østerfed.[1]

History[edit]

Niels Trolle and his mother Kirsten Skave

Origins[edit]

A fortification was in about 1200 built approximately at the site of the current castle to guard Bisserup Harbour, then a naval support point. The estate is referred to as Bråde in 1357 when it is owned by Roskilde bishopric.[2] The property was confiscated by the Crown 1536 in connection with the Reformation.

Trolholm[edit]

In 1562, King Frederick II ceded the estate to Niels Trolle, a younger brother of Herluf Trolle, in exchange for his holdings in northern Zealand.[3] Niels Trolle was killed in the Action of 7 July 1565 on Bornholm in 1565.[4] His son, Børge Nielsen Trolle, changed its name to Trolholm in 1682. Børge Trolle commanded a flotilla attending Christian IV on his Arctic exploration in 1599. The voyage is described by the author Thorkild Hansen in "Jens Munk".[5] Børge Trolle's son, Niels Trolle, who owned Trolborg from 1615–1667, served as Steward of Norway from 1657 until 1661. The estate was owned by members of the Trolle family until 1707.

The Holstein family[edit]

Holsteinborg in 1860
Holsteinborg, c. 1872

Ulrik Adolf Holstein acquired the Barony of Fuirendal in 1700. In 1707, he also acquired Trolholm and Snedinge. Holstein was created Count of Holsteinborg in 1708. He built 10 village churches on his estate and expanded Holsteinborg Church in 1728. He served as Grand Chancellor during the last 10 years of Frederick IV's reign.[3]

Frederik Adolph Holsteinm 6th Count of Holsteinborg, belonged to the circle around Reventlow and Bernstorff. He also brought the Christmas tree tradition to Denmark when the first Danish Christmas tree was lit on Christmas Eve 1808 at Holsteinborg.[6]

Ludvig Holstein-Holsteinborg, 7th Count of Holstein, who served as Council President in the early 1870s, owned Holsteinborg from 1836 to 1892. Hans Christian Andersen was a frequent visitor to his homes, both in Copenhagen and at Holsteinborg.[7] Andersen made his first visit to the estate in May 1856, noting in his diary that "The food was sumptuous, I was placed in a very elegant bedroom and a cabinet facing the great courtyard, which is rather similar to that of Kronborg".[8]

The building was restored in 1949-50 under the supervision of H. H. Engqvist.

Architecture[edit]

The oldest part of the four-winged manor house is the west wing which was built by Børge Trolle in 1598. The three other wings were built between 1538 and 1546. The building was adapted in 1777-81 by G.E. Rosenberg and again in 1848-50 bu Gustav Friedrich Hetsch. The original Renaissance castle now combines Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical elements. The main gate is located in the north wing which is flanked by corner towers with spires from 1642 and 1649. The two headless shieldbearers that flank the gate represent the headless troll in the Trolle family's coat of arms.[9] The moat is only preserved on the north side and around the farm buildings, some of which date from the middle of the 17th century.

Chapel[edit]

A chapel was installed on 9 August 1728 in the west wing. The style is mainly Baroque. One of only two privately owned parish churches, it serves as church for the Parish of Holsteinborg. The ceiling is decorated with the coat of arms and monogram of the founder. The altarpiece was painted by Hendrik Krock in 1725 and depicts Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane.[10]

Surroundings[edit]

The estate comprises Fuirendal and Snedinge and has a total area of 1,386 hectares of which 546 are forest.

The southern part of the park is an English style landscape garden from 1865 and 1892. The northern part of the park retains elements of an earlier Baroque garden from 1725, including a 2 km long lime tree avenue.

List of owners[edit]

  • (1357-1536) Bishops of Roskilde
  • (1536-1562) The Crown
  • (1562-1570) Niels Trolle
  • (1570-1582) Jakob Nielsen Trolle / Børge Nielsen Trolle / Anne Nielsdatter Trolle
  • (1582-1610) Børge Nielsen Trolle
  • (1610-1615) Anna Povlsdatter Trolle née Munk
  • (1615-1667) Niels Børgesen Trolle
  • (1667-1676) Børge Nielsen Trolle
  • (1676-1707) Anders Nielsen Trolle
  • (1707-1737) Ulrich Adolph, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1737-1749) Frederik Conrad, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1749-1759) Christoph Conrad, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1759-1760) Cay Joachim Detlev, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1760-1796) Heinrich, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1796-1836) Frederik Adolph, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1836-1892) Ludvig Henrik Carl Herman, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1892-1924) Frederik Conrad Christian Christopher, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1924-1945) Bent, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1945-1965) Erik Frederik Adolf Joachim, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1965-1977) Ib, Count of Holstein-Holsteinborg
  • (1977-) Ulrich Holstein-Holsteinborg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Holsteinborg Nor" (in Danish). Naturstyrelsen. Retrieved 2014-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Holsteinborg". Gyldendal. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Historie" (in Danish). Holsteinborg Gods. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  4. ^ "Trolle" (in Danish). oskildehistorie.dk. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  5. ^ "Holsteinborg, Southwest Zealand". yrashm.blogspot.dk. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  6. ^ "Danmarks første juletræ blev tændt I 1808" (in Danish). Kristlig Dagblad. Retrieved 2014-01-23. 
  7. ^ "H.C. Andersen og Holsteinborg - rejsen og modtagelsen" (in Danish). visithcandersen.dk. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  8. ^ "Hans Christian Andersen". Astoft. Retrieved 2014-01-23. 
  9. ^ . Astoft Houses on Sjælland, Denmark http://www.astoft.co.uk/manorssjaelland.htm#Holsteinborgtitle=Manor Houses on Sjælland, Denmark. Retrieved 2014-01-24.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Kirken" (in Danish). Holsteinborg Gads. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 

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