Holsworthy, New South Wales

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Holsworthy
SydneyNew South Wales
Holsworthy High School.JPG
Holsworthy High School
Population 5,061 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1835
Postcode(s) 2173
Location 31 km (19 mi) SW of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Menai
Federal Division(s) Hughes
Suburbs around Holsworthy:
Moorebank Wattle Grove Hammondville
Glenfield Holsworthy Menai
Macquarie Fields Wedderburn Heathcote

Holsworthy is a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 31 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Liverpool and partly in the Sutherland Shire.

Holsworthy is most notable for a large Australian Army reserve, Holsworthy Barracks, where training exercises are frequently carried out. The reserve is adjacent to Heathcote Road, which connects to Bankstown, Liverpool, Lucas Heights, Engadine and Heathcote. Signs on the perimeter warn potential trespassers of the use of laser guided and conventional gunfire.

The residential area is located north of the railway station. Anzac Village is a locality in the northern part of the suburb and the adjacent suburb of Wattle Grove. A new development called 'Mornington' has recently been built in this region. A shopping centre has also been built in this area.

History[edit]

The area was named after Holsworthy, Devon, England, where Governor Lachlan Macquarie married Elizabeth Campbell, on 3 November 1807. It was originally spelt as Holdsworthy until after World War II, when the 'd' was dropped.[2]

Originally the land belonged to the Tharawal people but following the arrival of the First Fleet, indigenous people were pushed back from their traditional lands in the area surrounding Sydney. In 1795, explorers George Bass and Matthew Flinders explored the Georges River and in 1798, grants of land for farming were made in the area. The soil was good and crops of corn, wheat and vegetables were soon being harvested.[3]

However, tensions developed with the Tharawal. In 1801, Governor King ordered soldiers to fire on the aborigines to keep them from settler's properties. By 1815, Governor Macquarie declared a state of open warfare against aborigines in the Georges River area and forbade them carrying weapons within a mile of any British settlement. Ultimately, the British prevailed.[4]

A settlement named Eckersley was established in 1835 on what is now military land. By the 1880s a number of vineyards were established in the area. The land was acquired by the army in 1913. During World War I it was home to a large interment camp for civilians of German or Austro-Hungarian background, the camp absorbed prisoners from the famed Torrens Island Concentration Camp in 1915. The modern village of Holsworthy evolved after World War II to the north, with the barracks to the south. The streets are named with a military theme, such as Tarakan, Bardia, Wewak, Lae, Brunei, Finschhafen, Madang, Gona, Anzac, Light Horse, Infantry, Cavalry, Sabre, Gunners Row and Trooper Row. In Anzac Village, Australian Generals are remembered with Birdwood, Monash, Bridges and Blamey.

The Holsworthy bushland retains many indigenous sites and has been referred to as "Sydney's Kakadu". There are more than 500 significant Tharawal sites in the area including campsites, tool making sites and rock art. The art is mostly engravings of hands, boomerangs, animals, birds and fish.[4]

Climate[edit]

Holsworthy has a temperate climate, with warm summers and cool to mild winters, with precipitation spread throughout the year. Thunderstorms are common in the summer months, and provide most of the precipitation in that season. Winters are pleasantly cool and sunny, although east coast lows can bring large amounts of rainfall. Snow has never occurred, although frost is a fairly common occurrence in winter. Being inland from the coast, and away from Sydney City, Holsworthy receives up to 500mm (20 in) less precipitation than coastal areas, just 25 km (16 mi) away.

Climate data for Holsworthy Control Range
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.7
(114.3)
41.7
(107.1)
38.5
(101.3)
33.6
(92.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
28.9
(84)
35.0
(95)
37.1
(98.8)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
45.7
(114.3)
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
28.3
(82.9)
26.3
(79.3)
23.5
(74.3)
20.5
(68.9)
17.8
(64)
17.3
(63.1)
19.1
(66.4)
22.3
(72.1)
24.1
(75.4)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
15.5
(59.9)
12.1
(53.8)
8.1
(46.6)
6.2
(43.2)
4.9
(40.8)
5.4
(41.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.8
(51.4)
13.8
(56.8)
15.7
(60.3)
11.3
(52.3)
Record low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
10.8
(51.4)
6.6
(43.9)
2.8
(37)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.8
(33.4)
3.7
(38.7)
5.0
(41)
7.0
(44.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 59.5
(2.343)
113.7
(4.476)
67.4
(2.654)
54.8
(2.157)
53.8
(2.118)
69.1
(2.72)
43.1
(1.697)
37.6
(1.48)
32.6
(1.283)
52.2
(2.055)
73.7
(2.902)
56.6
(2.228)
709.4
(27.929)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1mm) 8.7 10.3 11.1 11.2 10.0 10.6 10.1 7.4 7.5 9.5 11.9 10.5 118.8
 % humidity 50 56 55 53 52 53 49 44 43 48 51 50 50
Source: [5]

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Holsworthy had a population of 5,061. There were a high number of families with children (62.6%) and the median age of Holsworthy residents (28) was nine years younger than the national median. Not surprisingly, defence was the major industry of employment, covering 18.7% of the suburb's residents. The median family income ($1,923 per week) was substantially higher than the national median ($1,234). The majority of residents were Australian-born (66.3%), with the highest proportion of residents born overseas from India 6.6%, Philippines 3.0%, Indonesia 2.4%, Fiji 2.0% and Bangladesh 1.9%.[1]

Transport[edit]

Pop culture[edit]

Churches[edit]

A congregation of Lifegate Community Church (Holsworthy & Wattle Grove) meets weekly in the Wattle Grove Primary Public School Hall on Cressbrook Drive (Holsworthy Church on google maps).

St Christophers Catholic Church at Holsworthy also services the Holsworthy and Wattle Grove area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Holsworthy (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  2. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 123
  3. ^ "History of our suburbs: Holsworthy's European Heritage". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  4. ^ a b "History of our suburbs: Holsworthy's Aboriginal Heritage". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  5. ^ "Climate statistics for Holsworthy Control Range". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°57′45″S 150°57′16″E / 33.96261°S 150.95455°E / -33.96261; 150.95455