Holwell, Dorset

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Holwell
Holwell Village - geograph.org.uk - 380093.jpg
Holwell
Holwell is located in Dorset
Holwell
Holwell
 Holwell shown within Dorset
Population 369 [1]
OS grid reference ST703107
Civil parish Holwell
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHERBORNE
Postcode district DT9
Dialling code 01963
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°53′44″N 2°25′26″W / 50.8956°N 2.4238°W / 50.8956; -2.4238

Holwell is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England, situated in the West Dorset administrative district approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) south-east of Sherborne. It is sited on Oxford clay[2] in the Blackmore Vale. Its name derives from the Old English hol and walu, meaning a bank or ridge in a hollow.[3] In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 369[1] and is part of the Cam Vale electoral ward. Until 1844 Holwell was an exclave of Somerset,[4] being part of the parish of Milborne Port.[5]

Holwell parish church is situated with a few houses at the end of a cul-de-sac in a small settlement called The Borough.[6] This is the original medieval part of the village, sited next to the Caundle Brook in the north of the parish. Secondary settlements were established later to the south, east and west; these were outside The Borough's open field system and had their own enclosures. The most southerly part of the parish was enclosed in 1797.[4] The church, dedicated to St Lawrence, largely dates from the late 15th century,[4] though it was restored in 1885.[7] The biblical scholar Henry Adeney Redpath was rector at Holwell between 1883 and 1890.[8]

A short distance north of the church the Caundle Brook is crossed by a packhorse bridge,[9] probably of medieval origin.[4] About 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the west and also crossing the Caundle Brook is Cornford Bridge, dating from the 15th and 18th centuries and designated a grade II* listed building and a scheduled monument.[10] Also grade II* listed is Naish Farm, situated approximately 0.5 miles (0.80 km) southeast of The Borough and a good example of a medieval domestic farmhouse.[4][11]

At Barnes Cross—between The Borough and Cornford Bridge—is a pillar box which is the oldest still in everyday use in Britain. It is hexagonal with a vertical letter slot and was made between 1853 and 1856 by the Gloucester firm John N. Butt & Co.[7][12] It is also grade II* listed.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Holwell (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. p. 140. ISBN 0 7090 0844 9. 
  3. ^ David Mills (2011). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press. p. 244. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "'Holwell', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3: Central (1970), pp. 117-123.". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Caroline Thorn; Frank Thorn. "Dorset introduction". Digital Repository. University of Hull. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  6. ^ West Dorset, Holiday and Tourist Guide. West Dorset District Council. c. 1983. p. 10. 
  7. ^ a b "Holwell". Dorset OPC Project. 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  8. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Redpath, Henry Adeney". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​ 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  9. ^ Ernest Hinchliffe (1994). A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England. Cicerone Press. ISBN 1-85284-143-5. 
  10. ^ "Cornford Bridge, Bishop's Caundle". British Listed Buildings. britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Listed Buildings in Holwell, Dorset, England". British Listed Buildings. britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. pp. 74–5. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 
  13. ^ "Pillar Box at Barnes Cross at St 693 118, Holwell". British Listed Buildings. britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Holwell, Dorset at Wikimedia Commons