Holy Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church
Holy Assumption Orthodox Church
|Location||Mission and Overland Streets, Kenai, Alaska|
|Architectural style||No Style Listed|
|MPS||Russian Orthodox Church Buildings and Sites TR (AD)|
|NRHP Reference #||70000898|
|Added to NRHP||May 10, 1970|
|Designated NHL||April 15, 1970|
Holy Assumption Orthodox Church, also known as Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, is a Russian Orthodox church in Kenai, Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, USA. Built in 1881, it is the oldest standing Russian Orthodox church in Alaska, and was a major center for the assimilation of the local Native population. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.
Alaska became a diocese in the Russian Orthodox Church in 1840, and the church's popularity in the Kenai Peninsula region grew, particularly amongst the Kenaitze, the native people of the peninsula. Bishop Innocent created six parishes in Alaska, including one for the Kenai region. The first chapel was built that same year by the Russian-American Company near the village of Kenai within Fort St. Nicholas. The first priest to serve the parish, Igumen Nikolai Militov, arrived in 1844 and served until his death in 1869.
Igumen Nikolai oversaw the construction of a church in 1849 on a different portion of the lot. He opened a school in the early 1860s, and Russian became the principal language in both education and commerce. The church served as a vital method of assimilating the natives to the Russian culture. In addition to religious and educational purposes, the church served as an administrative and judicial center for the region.
Built from 1895 to 1896, the church was the second Orthodox church at the site, replacing the 1849 structure. The church was built from logs in the Pskov style—in the shape of a ship. The bell tower was completed later in 1900. The interior contains an elaborate iconostasis.
The Chapel of St. Nicholas was built in 1906. It rests over the graves of Igumen Nikolai, his assistant and reader Makari Ivanov, and an unrecorded monk. The chapel sits on the site of the original chapel, across the street from the church, on a bluff overlooking the confluence of the Kenai River and Cook Inlet. The rectory was built in 1881 and is considered the oldest building in the Peninsula.
The church site, including the rectory, cemetery, and chapel, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970. Today the church is a member of the Orthodox Church in America Diocese of Alaska and further the Kenai Deanery. It is the oldest standing Orthodox church in Alaska.
List of priests
Early on, the parish was served by priests who emigrated from Russia. From 1860 on, Nikolai Militov and Makary Ivanov, in whose honor the Chapel of St. Nicholas was built, traveled the region and vaccinated thousands of Dena'ina from smallpox. Militov died in 1867.
- 1844–1867; Igumen Nikolai Militov
- 1867–1877; Makary Ivanov
- 1881–1886; Hieromonk Nikita
- 1888–1892; Nicholas Mitropolsky
- 1893; Alexandr Yaroshevich
- 1895–1906; John Bortnovsky
- 1907–1952; Paul Shadura
- 1952–1972; Deacon Alexander Ivanoff served with no resident priest. Visiting priests would conduct Easter and other various services.
- 1969–1973; Cyril Bulashevich
- 1970–1972; Michael Oskolkoff and Simeon Oskolkoff served as visiting priests
- 1975–1991; Macarius Targonsky
- 1992–1993; Paul Merculief served as a visiting priest
- 1993–1997; Sergie Active
- 1998; Michael Trefon
- 2003–present; Thomas Andrew
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Holy Assumption Orthodox Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
- "Holy Assumption Orthodox Church". National Park Service. July 28, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- "Southcentral Community: Kenai". Alaska Travel Industry Association. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- Barbara S. Smith (1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Holy Assumption Orthodox Church / Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary". National Park Service. and Accompanying photos, exterior and interior, from 1983 and various dates.
- "Parishes of the Kenai Deanery". Orthodox Church in America. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
- "Holy Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church". Orthodox Church in America. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holy Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church.|
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. AK-39-A, "Holy Assumption Russian Orthodox Church, Church"
- HABS No. AK-39-B, "Holy Assumption Russian Orthodox Church, Chapel of St. Nicholas"
- HABS No. AK-39-C, "Holy Assumption Russian Orthodox Church, Rectory"
- Holy Assumption Orthodox Church at National Historic Landmarks
- Holy Assumption Orthodox Church at National Park Service