Holy See of the East

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Holy See of the East is an honorary name of the sees of a number of Christian churches in the Middle East and India.

The Head & Father of the Marthoma Nazrani Church and the Gate of All India is commonly known as the successor to the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas.[1] The Seat of the Patriarchs of the Chaldean Catholic Church and the Nestorian Catholicos-Patriarchs which emerged from the Ancient Church of the East is also a part of the Holy See of the East.

The group of Saint Thomas Christians who left the Church of the East after the Coonan Cross Oath and joined the Church of Antioch also claims the title of the Holy See of the East, since St. Thomas is also the founder of this churches. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church which evolved out of the Malankara Church as a part of the Oriental Orthodox Churches claims the title of the Catholicos of the East and the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas.[2] The Malankara Syrian Catholic Church which evolved from the Malankara Church as a part of the Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See of Rome also claims the title of the Catholicos and the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas.[3]

East Syrian Rite Churches[edit]

Main article: East Syrian Rite

Ancient Church of the East[edit]

Main article: Church of the East

His Holiness the Patriarch Mar Addai II, is the Catholicos of the Ancient Church of the East.

The current Seat of the Catholicos of Ancient Church of the East is in Baghdad, Iraq.

Syro-Malabar Catholic Church[edit]

The official title of the Head & Father of the The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church is the successor to the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas and the Gate of All India. The church is headed by the Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly, Cardinal Mar George Alencherry.

The current Seat of the Major Archiepiscopal Curia is in Mount St. Thomas near Kakkanad, Kerala, India.[4]

Assyrian Church of the East[edit]

Mar Dinkha IV is the current Catholicos-Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East.

The current Seat of the Catholicos of Assyrian Church of the East is in Chicago, Illinois, USA.

West Syrian Rite Churches[edit]

Main article: West Syrian Rite

Indian Orthodox Church[edit]

The official title of the supreme head of the The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church also known as Indian Orthodox Church is the Catholicos of the East on the Apostolic Throne of St. Thomas. The present Catholicos is Baselios Mar Thoma Paulose II, who was enthroned on 1 November 2010 at Parumala, Kerala. The Indian Orthodox Church (also known as the Malankara Orthodox Church, Orthodox Church of the East, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Orthodox Syrian Church of the East) is a prominent member of the Oriental Orthodox Church family.

The current Seat of the Indian Orthodox Catholicos of the East is in Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Syro-Malankara Catholic Church[edit]

The official title of the Head & Father of the The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is the successor to the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas in India and Malankara Metropolitan. The church is headed by the Major Archbishop of Trivandrum, Baselios Cardinal Cleemis Catholicos.

The current Seat of the Major Archiepiscopal Curia is in Catholicate Centre, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.[5]

The Holy See of Antioch[edit]

Main article: Patriarch of Antioch

Patriarch of Antioch is a traditional title held by the Bishop of Antioch. As the traditional "overseer" of the first gentile Christian community, the position has been of prime importance in the church from its earliest period. The Patriarch of Antioch is one of the original patriarchs of Early Christianity, who presided over the bishops of Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Georgia, Mesopotamia, and India.[6] Today five churches use the title of Patriarch of Antioch: the Syriac Orthodox Church and Syriac Catholic Church, the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch, Melkite Greek Catholic Church, and Maronite Church; and, historically, there has also been a Latin Patriarch of Antioch.

Syriac Orthodox Church[edit]

The see of the universal Syriac Orthodox Church is in Antioch with His Holiness Patriarch Ignatius Zakka I, being the 122nd in the line of patriarchs of Antioch. Although Antioch is the historical see of the patriarchate, the see is now located in Damascus, Syria.

Syriac Catholic Church[edit]

The Patriarch of Antioch of the Syriac Catholic Church has the title of Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Syrians.[7] and resides in Beirut. The current patriarch is Mor Ignatius Joseph III Younan. The Syriac Catholic Patriarch has the legal status as the continuation of the original See of Antioch, since the legitimate successor to the original See of Antioch Ignatius Michael III Jarweh re-entered in communion with Rome. This caused the formation of a new ecclesiastical body called the Syriac Orthodox Church.

Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch[edit]

Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch has its see in Antioch, although the see is now actually located in Damascus, Syria. Ignatius IV Hazim of Antioch is the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East for the Greek Orthodox Antiochian Church. The previous information is outdated. The Ignatius IV Hazim of Antioch is no longer the Patriarch as of 2012. Patriarch John X is now the Patriarch of the Antiochian Patriarchate.[8]

Maronite Church[edit]

Main article: Maronite Church

The Maronite Patriarch of Antioch is known as the head of the Holy See of Antioch and all the East, although the see is located in Bkerke, Lebanon. Cardinal Mar Bechara Boutros al-Rahi is the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Maronite Church.

References[edit]