Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church

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The Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church (Russian: Священный синод Русской православной церкви, tr. Svyashchennyy sinod Russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi) serves by Church statute as the supreme administrative governing body of the Russian Orthodox Church in the periods between Bishops' Councils.[1]

The meeting place of the Holy Synod in Peredelkino, Moscow Region

From 1721, during Peter the Great's reign, until August 1917 (existed only nominally prior to (14) February 1, 1918) the Holy Governing Synod was the supreme body of the church, and state administrative authority in the Russian Empire, replacing a patriarch in some general church functions and external relations, as well as service and oversight to the cathedrals of the bishops of the local church.

There were never any "exit meetings" of the Russian Holy Synod. However, in 2009 the Holy Synod was "nomadic" and held its meetings where the Patriarch directed (Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kiev).

On December 27, 2011 the residence building of the Russian Holy Synod in St. Daniel Monastery was solemnly consecrated and blessed by the Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus', Kirill I of Moscow.


  • Kirill - Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, chairman

Permanent members[edit]

by the cathedra
ex officio
  • Barsanuphius (Sudakov) - Metropolitan Saransk and Mordovia, Chancellor of the Moscow Patriarchate
  • Hilarion (Alfeyev) - Metropolitan of Volokolamsk, chairman of the Department for External Church Relations of the Moscow Patriarchate

See also[edit]