Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church
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The Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church (Russian: Священный синод Русской православной церкви, tr. Svyashchennyy sinod Russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi) serves by Church statute as the supreme administrative governing body of the Russian Orthodox Church in the periods between Bishops' Councils.
From 1721, during Peter the Great's reign, until August 1917 (existed only nominally prior to (14) February 1, 1918) the Holy Governing Synod was the supreme body of the church, and state administrative authority in the Russian Empire, replacing a patriarch in some general church functions and external relations, as well as service and oversight to the cathedrals of the bishops of the local church.
There were never any "exit meetings" of the Russian Holy Synod. However, in 2009 the Holy Synod was "nomadic" and held its meetings where the Patriarch directed (Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kiev).
- Kirill - Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, chairman
- by the cathedra
- Onuphrius (Berezovsky) - Metropolitan Chernovtsy and Bukovina, locum tenens of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church
- Juvenal (Poyarkov) - Metropolitan Krutitsy and Kolomna
- Vladimir (Kotliarov) - Metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga
- Paul (Ponomaryov) - Metropolitan of Minsk and Slutsk, Patriarchal Exarch of All Belarus
- Vladimir (Canterean) - Metropolitan of Chișinău and All Moldova
- Alexander (Mogilev) - Metropolitan of Astana and Kazakhstan
- Vincent (Morar) - Metropolitan of Central Asia
- ex officio
- Barsanuphius (Sudakov) - Metropolitan Saransk and Mordovia, Chancellor of the Moscow Patriarchate
- Hilarion (Alfeyev) - Metropolitan of Volokolamsk, chairman of the Department for External Church Relations of the Moscow Patriarchate