Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands

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Not to be confused with Holy Trinity Church, Bolton
Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands
Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands, from the southeast
Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands is located in the City of Lancaster district
Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands
Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 54°06′10″N 2°47′30″W / 54.1028°N 2.7917°W / 54.1028; -2.7917
OS grid reference SD 483,677
Location Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Holy Trinity, Bolton-le-Sands
History
Former name(s) St Michael's Church,
Bolton-le-Sands
Dedication Holy Trinity,
formerly Saint Michael
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 2 May 1968
Architect(s) Sharpe and Paley (chancel, pulpit and reading desk)
E. G. Paley (restoration)
Paley and Austin
(1881 alterations)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Specifications
Materials Stone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Bolton-le-Sands
Deanery Tunstall
Archdeaconry Lancaster
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Priest(s) Revd Gerwyn Capon
Assistant priest Revd Barbara Jones
Laity
Reader(s) Janet Thompson
Churchwarden(s) Karen Hillis
Parish administrator Jane Ruscoe

Holy Trinity Church, Bolton-le-Sands, (formerly St Michael's Church), is in the village of Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Tunstall, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is united with that of St Mark, Nether Kellett.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[2]

History[edit]

A church has been on the site since before 1094.[3] The oldest parts of the present church are the tower and the north arcade, which date from the late 15th century. The nave was built in 1813.[2] In 1847 the Lancaster architectural practice of Sharpe and Paley rebuilt the chancel,[4][5] and in 1851 added a pulpit and a reading desk.[6] The church was restored in 1863–64 by E. G. Paley (by this time Sharpe had retired from the practice).[7] In 1881 the practice, now Paley and Austin, carried out further alterations, which included widening the north aisle, adding a vestry, a porch, a pulpit, and a font, lowering the floor, removing the gallery, opening the tower arch, replacing windows, reseating the church to accommodate 450 people, and retiling and refitting the chancel.[8]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in rubble with slate roofs. The tower is in ashlar sandstone, and the south wall of the nave is pebbledashed. Its plan consists of a nave, a north aisle, a south porch, a chancel and a west tower. The tower is in three stages. In the bottom stage is a west door and a three-light window.[2] This window is flanked by niches with pinnacles.[9] The bell openings also have three lights. The tower is supported by diagonal buttresses, and on its summit is a battlemented parapet.[2] At its southwest is a projection for stairs.[9] The windows in the south nave wall contain Perpendicular tracery.[2] The chancel is in Early English style.[4]

Interior[edit]

The arcade is in five bays running between the nave and chancel, and the north aisle.[2] It is supported by octagonal piers, other than the second pier from the east, which is rectangular.[9] The nave has a hammerbeam roof, and the chancel roof is scissor-braced.[2] Between the chancel and the aisle is a sandstone memorial to the memory of a man who died in 1642 with the inscription "It is supposed that he lived above 100 yeares".[2][9] Elsewhere there are 19th-century monuments in Classical style, and brasses dated 1692 and 1872. The reredos is in alabaster and dates from 1897. The stained glass in the west window dates from 1891. It depicts archangels, was designed by Carl Almquist, and made by Shrigley and Hunt.[9] The glass in the chancel windows was designed by William Wailes.[4] Also in the church are two pieces of carved Anglo-Saxon stone dating from the 10th century.[9]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard to the south of the church is a square sandstone cross base with two steps. Its age is not known. It is surmounted by a later square block and a 20th-century cross.[10] The churchyard also contains the war graves of two British and one Canadian soldier of World War I.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Holy Trinity, Bolton-le-Sands, Church of England, retrieved 12 August 2011 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h English Heritage, "Church of St Michael Holy Trinity, Bolton-le-Sands (1071944)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ The Parish of Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerks, retrieved 12 August 2011 
  4. ^ a b c Hughes 2010, p. 218.
  5. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 214.
  6. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 215.
  7. ^ Price 1998, p. 73.
  8. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 232.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 165.
  10. ^ English Heritage, "Cross base in St Michael's Churchyard, Bolton-le-Sands (1163519)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  11. ^ BOLTON-LE-SANDS (HOLY TRINITY) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 15 February 2013 

Sources

  • Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  • Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  • Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes 
  • Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, ISBN 1-86220-054-8