Holy Week in the Philippines
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Beginning Maundy Thursday, businesses in the Philippines either shut down operations until Black Saturday or have later opening and earlier closing times. During the Easter Triduum (usually a public holiday), some local terrestrial television and radio stations closedown. Those that do operate truncate broadcasting hours and feature religious programming, films, and news coverage of religious ceremonies. Many communities observe Spanish-influenced Catholic rituals such as processions, with many having been syncretised with pre-Hispanic beliefs. This is evident in local practises and the many superstitions associated with the occasion.
At Mass (liturgy) on Palm Sunday (Linggo ng Palaspás, Domingo de Ramos), worshippers carry palm fronds to church to be blessed by the priest. Many Filipinos bring them home after the Mass and place these on door lintels or windows, in the belief that the fronds (considered by the Church as sacramentals) can ward off evil spirits and avert lightning. In some places a procession is held towards the main church before the service, sometimes starting from an ermita/visita (chapel of ease), with the presiding priest riding on horseback. Other parishes would have the priest bless palms in a plaza fronting or near the church.
In the provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal and Laguna, a procession of the Passion of Christ is held in the evening of Holy Wednesday (Miyérkules Santo). Except in Baliuag, Bulacan, the Passion tableaux are excluded from the Good Friday Procession.
The first rite of the day is the Chrism Mass, in which parishioners join their parish priest for morning Mass in the cathedral, especially in the large dioceses and archdioceses. Many priests in the country consider this to be the day when they renew their sacerdotal vows. This Mass, over which presides the bishop/archbishop of a particular diocese, is when the Chrism, Oil of the Catechumens and the Oil of the Sick are blessed after the homily. Priests bring the oils to their respective parishes after the servic and store these for future use.
The main observance of the day is the last Mass before Easter (commonly called the Mass of the Institution of the Lord's Supper). This usually including a re-enactment of the Washing of the Feet of the Apostles, and is followed by the procession of the Blessed Sacrament before it is placed in the Altar of Repose.
Throughout the day, the faithful observe the pious custom of "Visita Iglesia" (”church visit"), which usually involves going to seven or more churches to meditate on the Way of the Cross; by evening this includes a visit to the Blessed Sacrament in the Altar of Repose.
Good Friday, (Biyernes Santo) is a public holiday, commemorated with solemn street processions, the Way of the Cross, the commemoration of Jesus' Seven Last Words (”Siete Palabras”) and a traditional Passion play called the Senákulo, which in some places is a week-long affair. In some communities (most famously in the province of Pampanga), the processions include devotees who self-flagellate and sometimes even have themselves nailed to crosses as expressions of penance, in fulfilment of a vow, or in thanksgiving for a prayer granted. The pabasa or marathon chanting of the Pasyon (the Filipino epic narrative of Christ's life, Passion, Death, and Resurrection), usually concludes on this day.
The highlight of Good Friday is the procession of the Santo Entierro, a usually wooden image of Christ's corpse lying supine. Comparable to the Eastern Orthodox custom of processing the epitaphion, the calandra or bier carrying the Dead Christ is processed about town, normally followed by a retinue of saints connected with the Passion narrative such as Peter and John the Evangelist. Tradition dictates that regardless of the number of statues used, the last image in the procession is always the Mater Dolorosa.
Some places accord the Santo Entierro proper, even ancient funeral rites, such as laying the body in state. In Paete, Laguna the Santo Entierro is smoked several times during the procession by burning lansones peelings. Several times during the procession, the bier, which is carried on the shoulders instead of pulled, is halted over a fire whilst someone shouts "¡Señor! Misericordia, Señor!" ("Lord! Mercy, Lord!") while the congregation repeats, "¡Misericordia, Señor!"
In Baliuag, Bulacan, the 2013 “Prusisyon ng mga Santo” was the Lenten rite wherein 102 carrozas participated compared to some 83 religious images that were paraded through the streets in the previous years. In the Lenten procession, religious fervor and piety compelled the town people of Baliuag to launch over a hundred richly adorned giant floats depicting the passion of Jesus Christ.
Held every Holy Wednesday and Good Friday, the procession starts at 6:00 in the afternoon.   The grand procession of more than 80 images became an anticipated attraction on Holy Wednesday and Good Friday.
The 2013 Good Friday 102 massive carriages carrying life size dioramas depicting a scene in the life of Jesus were paraded all over town after sunset. The solemn rite on Good Friday, called the Baliuag Lenten Procession was witnessed by local and foreign tourists, including the current Apostolic Nunciature to the Philippines' Apostolic Nuncio Archbishop Giuseppe Pinto who was accompanied by his aide Msgr. Gabor Pinter.  
It is the longest Lenten procession in the Philippines. The 102 Baliuag (St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag) floats showcased the grand parade of lavishly decorated carriages which event culminated in the blessing with holy water of the floats and the faithful by 2 Baliuag Priests from the Team Ministry of the Diocese of Malolos. Passion 
The public sorrow and sombre mood attached to this day gave rise to the Tagalog idiom "Mukhâ kang Biyernes Santo." Literally translating to "You look like Good Friday," it refers to the subject's very sad expression resembling that of the suffering Christ.
Filipinos traditionally observe several taboos on this day, in particular the avoidance of excessive noisemaking and, in older times, bathing (unless required for health reasons). These are usually in place only after 15:00 PHT, and is done as a form of sacrificial penance in accordance with the belief that Christ died at that exact hour.
Holy Saturday (also Black Saturday; Spanish: Sábado de Gloria, "Saturday of [the] Gloria"), continues the traditional silence and solemnity of the previous day. Preparations are made for the Easter Vigil to be celebrated that evening. Some parishes hang a dummy of Judas Iscariot for his betrayal of Christ; until recently, the dummy would also be burnt or set alight with firecrackers. The day's Spanish name may come from the fact that the Gloria is sung for the first time since Ash Wednesday during the Easter Vigil.
Easter (Paskò/Linggo ng Pagkabuhay) morning is marked with joyous celebration, the first being the dawn ceremony called the Salubong (Filipino for "meeting") that re-enacts the imagined reunion of Christ and his mother after the Resurrection. Statues of the Risen Christ and the Virgin Mary are borne in two separate processions that meet at a designated area called a Galilea, usually in the plaza fronting the church. Some locales include statues any or all of The Three Marys (Mary of Cleopas, Mary Magdalene, and Mary Salome), Saint Peter and Saint John the Evangelist in the processions, which are almost always sex segregated (i.e., male devotees follow Christ and the male saints; women follow the Virgin and female saints).
The Virgin Mary is clothed or veiled in black to express her bereavement. A girl dressed as an angel, positioned on a specially constructed high scaffold or suspended in mid-air, sings the Regina Coeli in Latin or in the vernacular, and then dramatically removes the black veil to signify the end of Mary's grieving. This may also be done by other "angels" who pull off the veil, or tie it to balloons or doves and release these into the dawn sky. The Virgin is then called the Nuestra Señora de Alegria ("Our Lady of Joy") and confetti and flower petals are showered on the statues. The moment is marked by pealing bells and fireworks, followed immediately by the Easter Mass. In several parishes however, this is practised at midnight of Easter Sunday immediately after the Easter Vigil, done in the very same manner.
Cities and towns with famous Holy Week celebrations include:
- Angono, Rizal
- Arevalo, Iloilo City
- Baliuag, Bulacan
- Bantayan Island
- Guagua, Pampanga
- Brgy. Poblacion, Makati
- Marinduque (see Moriones Festival)
- Morong, Rizal
- Meycauayan, Bulacan
- Paete, Laguna
- Santa Rita, Pampanga
- San Pablo, Laguna
- Sasmuan, Pampanga
- Vigan, Ilocos Sur
- Sta. Ana, Taguig City
- Alvarez extension Sta.cruz,manila
- Black Nazarene
- Good Friday processions in Baliuag
- Holy Week in Paete
- Hispanic influence on Filipino culture
- Kantada sa Semana Santa
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