Home Liner

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Home Liner (ホームライナー?) is the generic name given to limited-stop commuter train services operated by railway companies in Japan, which require the purchase of a supplementary jōsha seiriken (乗車整理券?) or raināken (ライナー券?) in addition to the base fare ticket. The supplementary ticket guarantees passengers a seat on board.[1] This article describes all commuter services in Japan fitting this definition, regardless of whether their names actually include the title "Home Liner".

These services generally use express or limited-express train rolling stock, and the early morning inbound and late evening outbound movements often form an effective way to move rolling stock being to or from depots in preparation for the next day's operations.

History[edit]

The name "Home Liner" was first coined in June 1984 by JNR when an empty stock working for an Asama 189 series EMU was used to carry passengers from Ueno to Ōmiya on the Tōhoku Main Line in the evening for a supplementary fare of 300 yen. Initially, only four of the twelve cars in the train were made available to passengers, but the popularity of the service resulted in three evening Home Liner trains being introduced from Ueno to Ōmiya from September 1984. The first morning Liner service appeared in November 1986 with the introduction of the Shōnan Liner from Odawara to Tokyo on the Tōkaidō Main Line, and the Hanwa Liner from Wakayama to Tennōji on the Hanwa Line.[2]

Fares[edit]

Additional fares required to ride JR Group home liner trains are as follows:[1]

List of services[edit]

JR Hokkaido[edit]

KiHa 261 series DMU on Home Liner service
Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Home Liner Hakodate Main Line OtaruSapporo
Teine ↔ Sapporo
785 series
789-1000 series
KiHa 261 series
KiHa 281 series
KiHa 283 series
Weekdays only.
Supplementary fare is 100 yen to/from Teine.

JR East[edit]

185 series EMU on a Shōnan Liner service
215 series EMU on a Shōnan Liner service
Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Tokyo
Shōnan Liner Tōkaidō Main Line TokyoHiratsuka/Odawara 185 series
215 series
Weekdays only.
Ohayō Liner Shinjuku
Home Liner Odawara
Tōkaidō Main Line – Yamanote Line  Shinjuku ↔ Odawara 215 series
251 series
185-200 series
Weekdays only.
Ohayō Liner Zushi
Home Liner Zushi
Yokosuka Line Tokyo ↔ Zushi E257-500 series
Chūō Liner
Ōme Liner
Chūō Main Line Tokyo/Shinjuku
Hachiōji/Takao/Ōme
E257 series
E351 series
Weekdays only.
Home Liner Koga Utsunomiya Line
(Tōhoku Line)
Ueno/Shinjuku → Koga 185 series
489 series
Home Liner Kōnosu Takasaki Line UenoKōnosu 185 series
489 series
Home Liner Chiba Sōbu Line Tokyo/Shinjuku → Chiba 255 series
E257-500 series
Weekdays only.
Nagano
Ohayō Liner Shinonoi Line - Shin'etsu Main Line ShiojiriNagano 183 series
189 series
Weekdays only.
Niigata
Rakuraku Train Murakami Hakushin Line - Uetsu Main Line NiigataMurakami 485 series
Rakuraku Train Nagaoka Shin'etsu Main Line NiigataNagaoka 485 series Weekdays only.

JR Central[edit]

KiHa 85 series DMU on a Home Liner Taita service
Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Nagoya
Home Liner Toyohashi Tōkaidō Main Line Ōgaki/NagoyaToyohashi 373 series Weekdays only.
Home Liner Ōgaki Tōkaidō Main Line   Ōgaki → Nagoya
Toyohashi → Ōgaki
683 series
373 series
Home Liner Sekigahara Tōkaidō Main Line Nagoya → Sekigahara 683 series Weekday evenings only.
Home Liner Nakatsugawa Chūō Main Line Nagoya → Nakatsugawa 383 series
313-8000 series
Weekday evenings only.
Home Liner Tajimi Chūō Main Line - Tajimi → Nagoya 383 series Weekday mornings only.
Home Liner Mizunami Chūō Main Line Mizunami → Nagoya 383 series Weekday mornings only.
Home Liner Taita Chūō Main Line - Taita Line Nagoya - Mino-Ōta KiHa 85 series Weekday and Saturday mornings only.
Home Liner Yokkaichi Kansai Main Line Yokkaichi → Nagoya KiHa 85 series Weekday mornings only.
Shizuoka
Home Liner Numazu Tōkaidō Main Line ShizuokaNumazu 371 series
373 series
Home Liner Hamamatsu Tōkaidō Main Line Numazu/Shizuoka → Hamamatsu 371 series
373 series
Weekday evenings only.
Home Liner Shizuoka Tōkaidō Main Line Numazu/Hamamatsu → Shizuoka 371 series
373 series

JR West[edit]

Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Hanwa Liner Hanwa Line TennōjiWakayama 381 series Weekdays only.
Yamatoji Liner Osaka Loop Line - Yamatoji Line (Kansai Main Line) KizuJR Namba, OsakaKamo 381 series Weekdays only.

JR Kyushu[edit]

Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Sawayaka Liner Kagoshima Main Line SendaiKagoshima-Chūō 485 series
Sawayaka Liner Nippō Main Line - Nichinan Line - Miyazaki Kūkō Line NobeokaMiyazaki-Kūkō, MiyakonojōMiyazaki 783 series, 485 series
Home Liner Kagoshima Main Line Kagoshima-ChūōSendai 485 series
Home Liner Nippō Main Line - Nichinan Line - Miyazaki Kūkō Line Miyazaki-KūkōNobeoka, MiyazakiMiyakonojō 485 series

Private railways[edit]

Tobu 50090 series on a TJ Liner service, June 2008
Name Line Section Rolling stock Remarks
Keikyu
Keikyu Wing Keikyū Main Line ShinagawaKeikyū Kurihama/Misakiguchi 2100 series Weekdays only. Supplementary fare is 200 yen from Shinagawa only.[3]
Keisei Electric Railway
Morning Liner
Evening Liner
Keisei Main Line Keisei UenoNarita Airport AE100 series Supplementary fare is 400 yen.[4]
Tobu Railway
TJ Liner Tōbu Tōjō Line IkebukuroShinrinkōen/Ogawamachi 50090 series Supplementary fare is 300 yen from Ikebukuro only.[5]
Shinano Railway
Shinano Sunrise
Shinano Sunset
Shinano Railway Line KomoroNagano, NaganoUeda 169 series Supplementary fare is 200 yen.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR East: Information on tickets (Japanese)
  2. ^ "朝の"ライナー列車"総覧 (Overview of Morning "Liner" Trains)". Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 39 (314): p.23–29. June 2010. 
  3. ^ "京急ウイング号" Keikyū Wing information. Retrieved on 18 September 2008. (Japanese)
  4. ^ "スカイライナー キップの買い方" Keisei Skyliner ticket information. Retrieved on 18 September 2008. (Japanese)
  5. ^ Tobu News, 21 November 2007. (Japanese)
  6. ^ "しなの鉄道営業案内" Shinano Railway ticket information. Retrieved on 5 October 2009. (Japanese)