Home Lines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Home Lines
Industry Ocean liner and cruise ship traffic
Fate Acquisition
Successors Holland America Line
Founded 1946
Defunct 1988
Headquarters Genoa, Italy
Key people Eugen Eugenides, Vernicos Eugenides
Subsidiaries National Hellenic American Line

Home Lines was an Italian passenger shipping company that operated both ocean liners and cruise ships. The company was founded in 1946, and it ceased operations in 1988 when merged into Holland America Line. Although based in Genoa, Homes Lines was an international company with ships registered in Panama, while the original company chairman Eugen Eugenides was Greek. By the time Home Lines was merged into Holland America, they were one of the most highly regarded cruise lines in the world.[1]

Home Lines were connected to Cosulich Lines, Swedish American Line and Hamburg-America Line. Eugen Eugenides' adopted son Vernicos Eugenides founded the Hamburg Atlantic Line in 1958, and he later served as the CEO of both Home Lines and Hamburg Atlantic Line.[1]

History[edit]

1946–1964[edit]

Home Lines was founded in 1946 in Genoa, with Swedish American Line and Cosulich Lines as major shareholders.[2][3] The connection with Swedish American Line was reflected in the funnel colours of the new company - both SAL and Home Lines had yellow funnels with a blue disc containing crown(s); Home Lines' funnels differed from those of SAL only by featuring one arched crown instead of three circlet crowns.[4] In the same year, the company purchased their first ship, the Bergensfjord from Norwegian America Line, which was renamed SS Argentina and placed on transatlantic routes from Genoa to South America in 1947. Although operated by Home Lines, the ship was managed by Cosulich Lines.[1] Already in 1946 Home Lines had purchased a second ship, the Swedish American liner Drottningholm (11,182 gross tons), but that ship was not delivered to the company until 1948, when she was renamed Brasil and placed alongside the Argentina on Genoa—South America service.[5] In 1948 Home Lines purchased another former Swedish American ship, Kungsholm, that was renamed Italia,[6] as well as the former Matson Lines ship Matsonia, which entered service in 1949 after a reconstruction as the first Atlantic.[1][7] The Brasil and Italia were managed by South Atlantic Lines, which was owned by the same company as Swedish American Line.[1]

In 1949 the Italia was transferred to Genoa—New York service,[8] marking the beginning of Home Lines' gradual change from the Genoa—South America service to North Atlantic service from Genoa and Germany to New York as well as Southampton to Canada.[1][5][7] Brasil was rebuilt and renamed Homeland in 1951,[1][9] coinciding with her move to HamburgSouthamptonHalifax—New York service. While on this route she was managed by Hamburg-America Line. However, the Homeland was transferred to Genoa—NaplesBarcelona—New York service already in 1952,[2] after being replaced by the Italia on the Germany—New York service. The Italia in turn came to be managed by Hamburg-America Line while on the service from Germany.[8] The Argentina was sold to Zim Lines in 1953 and renamed Jerusalem, while the Atlantic was transferred to National Hellenic American Line in 1954 and renamed Queen Frederica. Home Lines had purchased the laid-up Mariposa from Matson Lines in 1953; she entered service in 1954 as the first Homeric. By 1955 at the latest Home Lines began making cruises from New York to The Bahamas during the winter season. The Homeland was sold for scrap in 1955, leaving Home Lines with just two ships, Italia and Homeric.[1] In 1958 Home Lines abandoned transatlantic traffic to New York (leaving it to Hamburg Atlantic Line).[10] In the same year the Italia was refitted and placed on Hamburg—Quebec service. In 1961 Home Lines gave up transatlantic traffic completely when the Italia was transferred to New York—Bahamas cruise service. Three years later the ship was sold to Freeport Bahama Enterprises for use as a floating hotel.[8]

1964–1988[edit]

In 1965 Home Lines took delivery of their first purpose-built ship, Oceanic, which replaced the ageing Italia.[1][11] Although marketed as "the largest ship ever designed for year round cruises",[12] the ship had in fact been originally designed as a two-class liner/cruise ship before Home Lines abandoned transatlantic crossings, and adapted to full-time cruising during construction.[13] The Oceanic entered service on 1965 as Caribbean Luxury Cruise during 1965 till about March 1965 then to the New York—Bahamas cruise route, and the Homeric was transferred to cruising on the Caribbean.[1] The Homeric suffered a major fire in the galleys and restaurants in 1973, and had to be withdrawn from service and scrapped. As a replacement Home Lines purchased the second Hanseatic from German Atlantic Line (Hamburg Atlantic Line after a name change), renaming her Doric.[1][14] At the same time Home Lines had also considered purchasing the Bergensfjord from Norwegian America Line, but the deal was not realised.[15] In 1976 the company made a bid to purchase the laid-up Italian Line ships Michelangelo and Raffaello, but the offer was turned down by the Italian Line.[16][17]

In preparation for the delivery of the new Atlantic in 1982, the Doric was sold to Royal Cruise Line, becoming their Royal Odyssey.[1][14] When delivered in April 1982, the Atlantic took over the New York—Bahama cruise service.[18] Another new ship, the second Homeric, was ordered for delivery in 1986, and in preparation for that the Oceanic was sold to Premier Cruise Line in 1985, becoming their Starship Oceanic.[11][19] Home Lines continued operating until 1988, when the company was purchased by Holland America Line and its operation merged into those of Holland America.[1] The Atlantic was sold to Premier Cruise Line, becoming Starship Atlantic,[18] while the Homeric became HAL's Westerdam.[19]

Ships[edit]

Ship Built In service
for Home Lines
Tonnage Status as of 2012
Argentina 1913 1947–1953 10,666 GRT Scrapped 1959
Brasil
Homeland
1905 1948–1955 11,285 GRT Scrapped 1955
Italia 1928 1948–1964 21,250 GRT Scrapped 1965
Atlantic 1927 1949–1954 20,553 GRT Scrapped 1978
Homeric 1931 1954–1973 18,563 GRT Scrapped 1974
Oceanic 1965 1965–1985 27,645 GRT Scrapped 2012
Doric 1964 1973–1981 25,338 GRT Sunk 2001
Atlantic 1982 1982–1988 35,143 GRT Since 2004 MSC Melody for MSC Cruises
Homeric 1986 1986–1988 42,092 GRT Since 2010 Thomson Dream for Thomson Cruises

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ian Boyle. "Home Lines". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ a b Henrik Ljungström. "Virginian/Drottningholm/Brasil/Homeland". The Great Ocean Liners. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  3. ^ Ian Boyle. "Swedish American Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Home Lines (Est. 1946)". The Ocean Liner Virtual Museum. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  5. ^ a b Micke Asklander. "S/S Virginian (1905)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  6. ^ Micke Asklander. "M/S Kungsholm (1928)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  7. ^ a b Reuben Goossens. "Matson Line: SS Malolo – Matsonia". ss Maritime. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  8. ^ a b c Henrik Ljungström. "Kungsholm (II)/Italia". The Great Ocean Liners. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  9. ^ "Home Lines". The Ships List. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  10. ^ Ian Boyle. "Hamburg Atlantic Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  11. ^ a b Micke Asklander. "S/S Oceanic (1965)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  12. ^ Ian Boyle. "Oceanic". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  13. ^ Reuben Goossens. "SS Oceanic". ssMaritime. Retrieved 2008-01-11. 
  14. ^ a b Micke Asklander. "T/S Shalom (1964)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  15. ^ Micke Asklander. "M/S Bergensfjord (1956)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-09-09. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  16. ^ Mario C. & Kalle Id. "Service of Michelangelo (page 3)". Project Michelangelo. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  17. ^ Mario C. & Kalle Id. "Service of Raffaello (page 3)". Project Michelangelo. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  18. ^ a b Micke Asklander. "M/S Atlantic (1982)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  19. ^ a b Micke Asklander. "M/S Homeric (1986)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2008-01-09.