Home Rule Party (Iceland)

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The Home Rule Party (Icelandic: Heimastjórnarflokkurinn) was a political party in Iceland between 1900 and 1923. Alongside the Independence Party, it was one of two dominant parties in the country in the early 20th century.[1]

History[edit]

The party was established in 1900 to oppose the original Progressive Party.[1] It won every election between 1916 and 1922. Between 1918 and 1920 it governed in coalition with the Independence Party and the new Progressive Party, before forming a government alone in 1920. In 1922 the Independence Party rejoined the government.[2]

In 1923 the party was dissolved and its members formed the Citizens' Party alongside the Independence Party.[1] The following year, the Conservative Party was established by a majority of Citizens' Party members, with the remainder reassuming the Independence Party name.[3]

Ideology[edit]

The party's main policy was to have the Danish Minister for Iceland based in Reykjavík rather than Copenhagen.[1]

Election results[edit]

Election Votes % Seats Place
August 1916 1,950 Steady 33.5 Steady N/A 1st Steady
October 1916 5,333.5 Increase 40.0 Increase 15 Steady 1st Steady
1919 6,423 Increase 45.8 Increase 16 Increase 1st Steady
1922 3,258 Decrease 27.6 Decrease N/A 1st Steady

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p521 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  2. ^ McHale, p529
  3. ^ McHale, p520