Home safety

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Home safety refers to the awareness and education of risks and potential dangers in and around a home which may cause bodily harm, injury, or death to those residing in and around the physical structure of a home. It includes mitigating or preventing the unwanted dangers through testing, research and accepted standards of applications and practices.

Common risks[edit]

Mold[edit]

Molds [1] are microscopic organisms that thrive in damp environments. They can be found on tiles and fabric, in bathrooms and kitchens, nearly any damp, warm place. Molds are usually not a problem indoors, unless mold spores land on a wet or damp spot and begin growing. Allergic reactions to mold are common. Allergic responses include hay fever-type symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, and red eyes.



Home safety measures[edit]

include, marking two ways out of every room, a safe place for members to meet outside of a burning home, and essential emergency ph Radon testing and mitigation – The two types of radon gas testing devices are, passive and active. A person can set up a kit in their own home or hire a professional to perform the test. If the test result comes back with high concentrations of radon there are ways to reduce radon gas and bring it to acceptable levels. There are proven methoods to reduce radon in a home or building.[2] One method uses a vent pipe system and fan, which pulls radon from beneath the house and vents it to the outside. This system, known as a soil suction radon reduction system, involves minor changes to your home.

Carbon monoxide detectors – Carbon monoxide (CO) detectors located in key areas inside the home is a preventative measure against CO poisoning. For multi-level homes, it is recommended having a minimum of one carbon monoxide detector per floor. For added protection, put a CO detector in each room and in a utility/furnace room.

Toxic mold - Preventative steps include drying water damage and moisture control in the home. Inhaling or touching mold or mold spores may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.

Burns/Fire:

Family safety plans – Family safety plans are an essential tool in fire safety because the plan helps family members to identity a fire escape plan. Components of a family fire safety plan one numbers. It is important to practice fire escape plans.
SprinklersFire sprinklers offer a layer of protection because the sprinkler can respond to a fire while it is still small. Fire sprinklers [3] respond only the sprinkler closest to the heat source. Smoke alone will not set a fire sprinkler to discharge.
Fire extinguishers – There are five different classes of fires; A, B, C, D, and K. Class A consists of burning paper, wood, cloth or other combustible solids. Class B consists of liquids and gasses such as propane. Class C fires consist of electrical fires. While class D fires (which is less common) consists of burning metal and class K fires (the most common) consists of kitchen type materials, i.e., grease and oil.
Fire extinguishers use a variety of substances to put out fires; dry powder, dry chemical, water, halogenated, carbon and foam. Since different substances burn differently, fire extinguishers are labeled (and often color-coded) according to the type or class of fire they can extinguish. It is therefore necessary to choose the correct fire extinguisher for home use.
Fire alarms– Fire alarms monitors the environmental changes associated with combustion. Once the alarm has been triggered by fire or smoke, a loud sound emanates to warn of danger and sends a message to a central monitoring center, which then notifies the local fire department.
Smoke alarmsSmoke alarms also known as smoke detectors, generally sound an audible and/or visual alarm. Smoke alarms are usually housed in a disk-shaped plastic enclosure about 6 inches in diameter and 1 inch thick and are often powered by a disposable battery.
Heat detectors – Heat detectors are a device that responds to changes in ambient temperature. Heat detectors are not meant to replace smoke detectors. They are often placed in rooms where standard smoke detectors are not suitable, such as laundry rooms, garages, and attics.

Poison - Always have the number of your local Poison Control Center available and familiarize yourself with what to do in case of poisoning.[4] Know which plants are poisonous and remove them from your home. Keep all medications, including over-the-counter medications secured and out of the reach of children. Do NOT make a person throw up unless told to do so by poison control or a health care professional.

Standards organizations[edit]

There are a number of organizations in the United States and other jurisdictions that release or maintain standards on the topic of home safety, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]