Home Secretary

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United Kingdom
Secretary of State for the
Home Department
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Theresa May - Home Secretary and minister for women and equality.jpg
Incumbent
Theresa May

since 12 May 2010
Home Office
Style The Right Honourable
Member of British Cabinet
Reports to The Prime Minister
Appointer Elizabeth II
Inaugural holder William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne
Formation 27 March 1782
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, commonly known as the Home Secretary, is one of the United Kingdom's four Great Offices of State. As minister in charge of the Home Office, the Home Secretary is responsible for the internal affairs of England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the whole of the UK.

The remit of the Home Office also includes policing in England and Wales and matters of national security, as the Security Service, MI5, is directly accountable to the Home Secretary. Formerly, the Home Secretary was the minister responsible for prisons and probation in England and Wales; however, in 2005 those responsibilities were transferred to the newly created Ministry of Justice under the Lord Chancellor.

The current Home Secretary is The Rt Honourable Theresa May, MP, appointed on 12 May 2010 by the Prime Minister, David Cameron, to serve in the Conservative-Liberal Democratic coalition government.

List of Home Secretaries[edit]

Colour key

Home Secretaries, 1782–1801[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
The Earl of Shelburne Shelburne.jpg 27 March 1782 10 July 1782 Whig The Marquess of Rockingham
Thomas Townsend 1stViscountSydney.jpg 10 July 1782 2 April 1783 Whig The Earl of Shelburne
Lord North Nathaniel Dance Lord North.jpg 2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Tory The Duke of Portland
(Fox-North Coalition)
The Earl Temple 1stMarquessOfBuckingham.jpg 19 December 1783 23 December 1783 Whig William Pitt the Younger
The Lord Sydney 1stViscountSydney.jpg 23 December 1783 5 June 1789 Whig
The Lord Grenville William Wyndham Grenville.jpg 5 June 1789 8 June 1791 Tory
Henry Dundas 1stViscountMelville2.jpg 8 June 1791 11 July 1794 Tory
The Duke of Portland 3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped cropped.jpg 11 July 1794 30 July 1801 Tory

Home Secretaries, 1801–1900[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Lord Pelham 2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg 30 July 1801 17 August 1803 Whig Henry Addington
Charles Philip Yorke CP Yorke by George Romney.jpg 17 August 1803 12 May 1804 Tory
The Lord Hawkesbury Earl jenkinson.jpg 12 May 1804 5 February 1806 Tory William Pitt the Younger
The Earl Spencer George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer by John Singleton Copley.jpg 5 February 1806 25 March 1807 Whig Lord Grenville
(Ministry of All the Talents)
The Lord Hawkesbury
(Earl of Liverpool from 1808)
Earl jenkinson.jpg 25 March 1807 1 November 1809 Tory The Duke of Portland
Richard Ryder No image.svg 1 November 1809 8 June 1812 Tory Spencer Perceval
The Viscount Sidmouth Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg 11 June 1812 17 January 1822 Tory Lord Liverpool
Robert Peel Sir Robert Peel 1844.jpg 17 January 1822 10 April 1827 Tory
William Sturges Bourne No image.svg 30 April 1827 16 July 1827 Tory George Canning
The Marquess of Lansdowne Lord Henry Petty.jpg 16 July 1827 22 January 1828 Whig The Viscount Goderich
Robert Peel Sir Robert Peel 1844.jpg 26 January 1828 22 November 1830 Tory The Duke of Wellington
The Viscount Melbourne 2nd V Melbourne.jpg 22 November 1830 16 July 1834 Whig Earl Grey
Viscount Duncannon Bessborough4.JPG 19 July 1834 15 November 1834 Whig The Viscount Melbourne
The Duke of Wellington Sir Arthur Wellesley Duke of Wellington.jpg 15 November 1834 15 December 1834 Tory The Duke of Wellington
Henry Goulburn Henry Goulburn.JPG 15 December 1834 18 April 1835 Conservative Sir Robert Peel
Lord John Russell Lord john russell.jpg 18 April 1835 30 August 1839 Whig The Viscount Melbourne
The Marquess of Normanby 1stMarquessOfNormanby.jpg 30 August 1839 30 August 1841 Whig
Sir James Graham, Bt Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpg 6 September 1841 30 June 1846 Conservative Sir Robert Peel
Sir George Grey, Bt Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg 8 July 1846 23 February 1852 Whig Lord John Russell
Spencer Horatio Walpole Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG 27 February 1852 19 December 1852 Conservative The Earl of Derby
The Viscount Palmerston Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg 28 December 1852 6 February 1855 Whig The Earl of Aberdeen
(Coalition)
Sir George Grey, Bt Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg 8 February 1855 26 February 1858 Whig The Viscount Palmerston
Spencer Horatio Walpole Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG 26 February 1858 3 March 1859 Conservative The Earl of Derby
Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt No image.svg 3 March 1859 18 June 1859 Conservative
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Bt Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt.jpg 18 June 1859 25 July 1861 Liberal The Viscount Palmerston
Sir George Grey, Bt Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg 25 July 1861 28 June 1866 Liberal
The Earl Russell
Spencer Horatio Walpole Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG 6 July 1866 17 May 1867 Conservative The Earl of Derby
Gathorne Hardy 1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg 17 May 1867 3 December 1868 Conservative
Benjamin Disraeli
Henry Austin Bruce 1stLordAberdare.jpg 9 December 1868 9 August 1873 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Robert Lowe Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke by George Frederic Watts.jpg August 1873 20 February 1874 Liberal
R. A. Cross Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg 21 February 1874 23 April 1880 Conservative Benjamin Disraeli
Sir William Vernon Harcourt Sir William Harcourt.jpg 28 April 1880 23 June 1885 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
R. A. Cross Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg 24 June 1885 1 February 1886 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
Hugh Childers Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83.jpg 6 February 1886 25 July 1886 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Henry Matthews Henrymatthews.jpg 3 August 1886 15 August 1892 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
H. H. Asquith 1895 Herbert Asquith.jpg 18 August 1892 25 June 1895 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
The Earl of Rosebery
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt Matthew White Ridley sketch.jpg 29 June 1895 12 November 1900 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
(Unionist Coalition)

Home Secretaries, 1900–2001[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Charles Ritchie Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg 12 November 1900 12 July 1902 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
(Unionist Coalition)
Aretas Akers-Douglas Aretas Akers-Douglas.jpg 12 July 1902 5 December 1905 Conservative Arthur Balfour
(Unionist Coalition)
Herbert Gladstone Herbert John Gladstone.jpg 11 December 1905 19 February 1910 Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg 19 February 1910 24 October 1911 Liberal
Reginald McKenna Reginald McKenna photo.jpg 24 October 1911 27 May 1915 Liberal
Sir John Simon Sir John Simon 1-3-16.jpg 27 May 1915 12 January 1916 Liberal H. H. Asquith
(Coalition)
Herbert Samuel Gws samuel 01.jpg 12 January 1916 7 December 1916 Liberal
Sir George Cave
(Viscount Cave from 1918)
George Cave 1911.jpg 11 December 1916 14 January 1919 Conservative David Lloyd George
(Coalition)
Edward Shortt Edward Shortt.jpg 14 January 1919 23 October 1922 Liberal
William Bridgeman William Bridgeman.jpg 25 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Arthur Henderson Arthurhenderson.jpg 23 January 1924 4 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Bt Wm Joynson-Hicks, 1st Visc Brentford.jpg 7 November 1924 5 June 1929 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
J. R. Clynes Jrclynes.jpg 8 June 1929 26 August 1931 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Herbert Samuel Gws samuel 01.jpg 26 August 1931 1 October 1932 Liberal Ramsay MacDonald
(1st & 2nd National Min.)
Sir John Gilmour, Bt SirJohnGilmour.jpg 1 October 1932 7 June 1935 Unionist
Sir John Simon Sir John Simon 1-3-16.jpg 7 June 1935 28 May 1937 National Liberal Stanley Baldwin
(3rd National Min.)
Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg 28 May 1937 3 September 1939 Conservative Neville Chamberlain
(4th National Min.)
Sir John Anderson John Anderson cropped.jpg 4 September 1939 4 October 1940 National Independent Neville Chamberlain
(War Coalition)
Herbert Morrison HerbertMorrison2.jpg 4 October 1940 23 May 1945 Labour
(Coalition)
Winston Churchill
(War Coalition)
Sir Donald Somervell No image.svg 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative Winston Churchill
(Caretaker Min.)
James Chuter Ede Chuter Ede 1941.jpg 3 August 1945 26 October 1951 Labour Clement Attlee
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe David Maxwell Fyfe cropped.jpg 27 October 1951 19 October 1954 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill
Gwilym Lloyd George Gwilym Lloyd George cropped.png 19 October 1954 14 January 1957 Liberal & Conservative
Sir Anthony Eden
R. A. Butler RA Butler 1937.jpg 14 January 1957 13 July 1962 Conservative Harold Macmillan
Henry Brooke No image.svg 14 July 1962 16 October 1964 Conservative
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Sir Frank Soskice No image.svg 18 October 1964 23 December 1965 Labour Harold Wilson
Roy Jenkins Roy Jenkins, Chancellor of Oxford.jpg 23 December 1965 30 November 1967 Labour
James Callaghan James Callaghan.JPG 30 November 1967 19 June 1970 Labour
Reginald Maudling Reginald Maudling.jpg 20 June 1970 18 July 1972 Conservative Edward Heath
Robert Carr Robert Carr2.jpg 18 July 1972 4 March 1974 Conservative
Roy Jenkins Roy Jenkins, Chancellor of Oxford.jpg 5 March 1974 10 September 1976 Labour Harold Wilson
Merlyn Rees No image.svg 10 September 1976 4 May 1979 Labour James Callaghan
William Whitelaw William Whitelaw.jpg 4 May 1979 11 June 1983 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Leon Brittan Lord Brittan 2011.jpg 11 June 1983 2 September 1985 Conservative
Douglas Hurd Lord Hurd (cropped).jpg 2 September 1985 26 October 1989 Conservative
David Waddington No image.svg 26 October 1989 28 November 1990 Conservative
Kenneth Baker No image.svg 28 November 1990 10 April 1992 Conservative John Major
Kenneth Clarke Ken Clarke 2010.jpg 10 April 1992 27 May 1993 Conservative
Michael Howard Michael Howard.jpg 27 May 1993 2 May 1997 Conservative
Jack Straw Jack Straw 2.jpg 2 May 1997 8 June 2001 Labour Tony Blair

Home Secretaries, 2001–present[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
David Blunkett David Blunkett -8April2010.jpg 8 June 2001 15 December 2004 Labour Tony Blair
Charles Clarke CharlesClarke2014.jpg 15 December 2004 5 May 2006 Labour
John Reid JohnReidHeadshot.jpg 5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour
Jacqui Smith Smith, Jacqui (crop).jpg 28 June 2007 5 June 2009 Labour Gordon Brown
Alan Johnson Alan Johnson -9Oct2007-2.jpg 5 June 2009 11 May 2010 Labour
Theresa May Theresa May - Home Secretary and minister for women and equality.jpg 12 May 2010 Incumbent Conservative
David Cameron
(Coalition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]