A home stoup was a small stoup with a small bowl and a decorated plaque that Roman Catholics hung inside their homes, either at the house's entrance or, more commonly, on a bedroom wall at the head of the bed. Sometimes, they put a small blessed branch of buxus, behind the stoup, or they hang a rosary on the stoup.
The use of these stoups began in the earliest centuries of the Catholic Church. They were made of both expensive (gold, silver...) and cheap (faience, ceramic, wood) materials; dependant on the fortunes of their owners. They were handmade with a painting or relief of Jesus of Nazareth, the Cross, the Virgin Mary, an angel or other religious subjects.
Most of theses stoups were destroyed or disappeared during the French Revolution in 1789 and in following years.
In the nineteenth century, most of the these stoups were made in ceramics. Some were unique in bearing the name of their owner. They were given as gifts on special occasions, such as births, first Communions and weddings.
These stoups were often handed down the generations, but their use decreased in France after 1900. Today, they are collected by art-lovers.
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