The history of Homeland predates that of the American Civil War. At one time, Peace Creek and Fort Meade were the two largest cities in Polk County. Homeland was a stop midway in between the two cities, and gradually began to attract settlers. The original settlement was called Bethel, but the name was changed to Homeland at some point in time. A school and several churches were built in the area. The school was closed down in 1956 as Homeland became eclipsed by its neighbor to the north, Bartow. Today it is part of Homeland Heritage Park, an educational park for elementary school children of Polk County to learn about the history of Polk County.