Homero Cárdenas Guillén

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Homero Cárdenas Guillén
Born 1960s
Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Other names El Orejón ('Big Ears')
El Majadero ('The Stubborn One')
Occupation Gulf Cartel leader
Known for Drug trafficking
Predecessor Mario Ramírez Treviño
Relatives Osiel Cárdenas Guillén
Antonio Cárdenas Guillén
Mario Cárdenas Guillén
This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Cárdenas and the second or maternal family name is Guillén.

Homero Cárdenas Guillén (born 1960s – allegedly died on 28 March 2014), also known by his aliases El Majadero and El Orejón, was a Mexican drug lord and alleged leader of the Gulf Cartel, a drug trafficking organization. He is the brother of the former Gulf Cartel leaders Antonio, Mario, and Osiel Cárdenas Guillen. During the late 1990s, Homero worked for the Gulf Cartel under the tutelage of his brothers. However, after several years of government crackdowns, the Gulf Cartel suffered severe drawbacks, including the death and arrests of Homero's brothers and allies. In August 2013, Homero became the de facto leader of the Gulf Cartel following the arrest of Mario Ramírez Treviño. However, he reportedly died of a heart attack on 28 March 2014.

Early life[edit]

Homero Cárdenas Guillén was born in the 1960s in the border city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico in a rural community known as "El Caracol". His parents, Enrique Cárdenas (father) and Manuela Guillén (mother), had four other children besides him: Mario, Antonio, Osiel and Liliana. His family made a living by growing sorghum but none of his brothers decided to follow the footsteps of their parents. Having finished elementary school in his rural community, Homero left the countryside and relocated in Matamoros like his sister and the rest of his brothers.[1]

Criminal career[edit]

His brother Mario helped Osiel start an auto repair store in Matamoros when Homero was a young adult. However, Mario also introduced his brothers to the drug trade. Mario, the eldest of the three, headed the micro drug business with several other men. Antonio bought the cocaine from other dealers; Osiel sold it in the streets; and Homero had the task of coordinating small-scale drug trafficking rings to the United States.[1]

By the late 1990s, Osiel took control of the Gulf Cartel, a drug-trafficking organization based in northeastern Mexico, while Homero played a lesser role in the organization.[2] Following Osiel's arrest in 2003 and extradition to the United States in 2007, the cartel's leadership passed on to Heriberto Lazcano, who headed Los Zetas (Osiel's private army), Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sánchez, an ex-policeman from Matamoros, and Antonio, one of the Cárdenas Guillén brothers.[3] In 2009, Homero coordinated the cocaine shipments of the Gulf Cartel from the border state of Tamaulipas to the U.S. cities of Brownsville, Houston, and Atlanta.[4] Los Zetas separated from the Gulf Cartel in early 2010 and formed their own criminal group, while Costilla Sánchez and Antonio remained loyal.[5][6] However, Antonio was killed in a firefight with the Navy in Matamoros in 2010 and his leadership was passed down to his brother Mario, who was arrested in 2012.[7]

Gulf Cartel leadership[edit]

Following its split from Los Zetas, the Gulf Cartel suffered a series of internal strifes between groups loyal to the Cárdenas Guillén clan and those behind the former leader Costilla Sánchez, arrested in 2012. The internal antagonism simmered until the first months of 2013; by that time, however, most of the high-ranking leaders of the criminal organization had been arrested or killed. On August 2013, the Gulf Cartel leader Mario Ramírez Treviño was arrested in a joint operation between the navy and army in northeastern Mexico. Although Mexican officials did not comment on who was next in the line of succession, they speculated that Homero –known by the aliases El Orejón and El Majadero – became the de facto leader.[8][9]

His succession as leader, however, was not welcomed by everyone within the Gulf Cartel; on 3 and 4 November 2013, a rival cell of the cartel, a faction known as Los Metros, made their way into Matamoros from Reynosa, Tamaulipas and clashed with Homero's Gulf Cartel faction, a group known as Los Ciclones, in an effort to take over his territory. The incursion put Matamoros residents under a virtual state of siege and resulted in at least 13 deaths of cartel members, according to official reports by the government. Unconfirmed reports placed the death toll much higher, alleging that the killings committed in the rural communities were not counted in the official statement. The authorities allege that the fighting erupted following a disagreement over who should control the Matamoros area; after Los Ciclones and the Cárdenas Guillén clan decided not to give up the turf, violence broke out with Los Metros, the faction based in Reynosa and Río Bravo, Tamaulipas. The Metros were also angry at Homero's faction because one of his family members, Rafael Cárdenas Vela (arrested in 2011), had become a witness for the U.S. government.[10][11]

In early 2014, the regional Gulf Cartel leaders in Reynosa were reportedly at odds with other high-ranking regional leaders along the U.S.-Mexico border in Tamaulipas over whether or not to allow their factions to fall under the single command structure imposed by Homero, who was making major decisions in the criminal organization and maintaining a low-profile status.[12]

Alleged death[edit]

According to sources outside of law enforcement, there were rumors that Homero reportedly died of a heart attack on 28 March 2014 at a hospital in Monterrey, Nuevo León. He had reportedly suffered medical complications following a liposuction surgery at a clinic in Matamoros. The information has not been confirmed and details surrounding his reported death remain in question.[13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Osorno, Diego Enrique (10 November 2010). "Los hermanos Cárdenas Guillén: De narcomenudistas a capos". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Grayson 2012, p. 20.
  3. ^ "Tony Tormenta, el capo que 'cuidaba' las fronteras de Tamaulipas". CNNMéxico (in Spanish). Turner Broadcasting System. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Reyez, José (2009). "Las operaciones secretas del cártel del Golfo". Contralínea (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Powder Keg: War between Gulf Cartel, Zetas marks one year". The Monitor (Texas). 7 March 2010. Archived from the original on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Gómez, Francisco (8 November 2010). "El Coss, nuevo "amo" del grupo". El Universal (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  7. ^ Ortiz, Ildefonso (25 September 2013). "Nicknames bring confusion to cartel case". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Sánchez, Marco Antonio (19 August 2013). "La estructura criminal Cártel del Golfo-Zetas". Televisa (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Ortiz, Ildefonso (7 October 2013). "Open for business: Despite decimated leadership, Gulf Cartel keeps moving marijuana". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Ortiz, Ildefonso (4 November 2013). "Amid 2 days of cartel firefights, Matamoros mayor asks public to stay indoors". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Enfrentamientos y bloqueos se registran en Matamoros, Tamaulipas". Terra Networks (in Spanish). 3 November 2013. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Ortiz, Ildefonso (11 March 2014). "4 years of Gulf Cartel-Zetas war leave Reynosa with unnerving nights". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Ortiz, Ildefonso (2 April 2014). "Sources: Gulf Cartel boss, luchador was drunk". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Sangre y fuego sobre Tamaulipas". Proceso (magazine) (in Spanish). 13 April 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]