Homestay is a form of tourism and/or study abroad program that allows a visitor to rent a room from a local family in a homelike setting. It is sometimes used for improving language skills and getting familiar with the local lifestyle. Homestays can occur anywhere in the world, but certain countries encourage homestay as a means for developing their tourism industry. Hosting a homestay participant also allows the local family to earn income. Students tend to arrange a homestay with their school or educational institution, but they can also informally arrange to stay with a family through social connections and a variety of private agencies. There are a number of online homestay agencies that connect students with hosts all over the world, usually for a nominal fee.
Types of homestays
Homestay scenarios range from a complete family experience to a single-room rental.
In the immersive family experience, a homestay student lives, eats, and shares the majority of his/her time in the host country with the host family. Family events involve activities such as dining out, going to amusement parks, camping, traveling and so on. Homestays usually involve a student, who may be expected to pay a portion of the activity-related costs, e.g., tickets, parking, gas and travel expenses. The student may also be invited to participate in holiday festivities such as Thanksgiving and Christmas, or family events like weddings and birthdays. Host families can play a pseudo-parental role, giving advice and sometimes supervising students' activities. In many homestays, families also act as cross-cultural advisers, helping the students understand the new culture they are experiencing. Conversely, students may simply be renting a room within a private home with minimal supervision from the host. There are also working homestay agreements where a student is expected to perform duties such as yard work, farm work, babysitting, or maid services.
Typical contracts and agreements
To minimize difficulties, most homestay arrangements involve a contract or written agreement between the host and students. A contract will outline what is expected of the homestay student and may include items such as:
- Chores to perform (e.g., cleaning, laundering)
- Use of the Internet, television, and/or telephone
- Smoking/drinking rules
Agreements may also give the details of what is being provided by the host:
- Meal provisions
- Communications (Internet, telephone)
- Entertainment (television, radio)
Generally, a host must provide a private room (with a lock) for sleep and study and a washroom which is available for the student to use. Most other items are negotiable in terms of availability and price.
Risks for the host
Typically, hosting a homestay student is an interesting experience that allows the sharing of cultures, information, and experience. However, studying abroad is often the first time a homestay student is away from his or her parents and home country. This may result in adjustment issues for the student. The host must be able to deal with separation issues, anxiety, and similar difficulties. In fact, research has shown that both hosts and homestay students may exhibit symptoms of mild culture shock and must adjust accordingly. On the other hand, host families, including host children, learn about other cultures in a unique way. Many host families stay in touch with their students long after they return to their home countries.
Scams on the internet are becoming fairly commonplace. When engaging in financial transactions that may require international payments, checks, or money orders, there is always the possibility of scams and fraud. A host family should educate themselves on the issues and protect themselves adequately through good contracts. A common example of a scam is the "Advance Fee" fraud, where the scammer overpays with a fraudulent or stolen check, and asks for a refund before the fraud is noticed.
Risks for the student/guest
There are two basic motivations for a family to engage in the operation of a homestay:
- The family is looking to assist students, incorporate culture, and better understand the world and its people through a mutual exchange of traditions, knowledge and culture.
- The family is looking to augment their income.
Usually, a family bears a healthy mix of these two reasons in opening their home to students and international visitors.
Occasionally, however, there are instances where a family, or individual, is looking only to capitalize on the financial opportunity and has little or no concern for the interests of the student.
A student is encouraged to look at the history of students and guests that the family has hosted, and to ask for a reference from a student who has recently attended their homestay. If a family refuses to give a reference, a student is advised to stay away. Also, a student should look for a contract that not only protects the interests of the homestay host but also the interests of the student. There should be a clear listing of the obligations of both the student and host family.
- Rivers, William P. (1998). "Is Being There Enough? The Effects of Homestay Placements on Language Gain During Study Abroad". Foreign Language Annals 31 (4): 492–500. doi:10.1111/j.1944-9720.1998.tb00594.x.
- "Three Interesting Events On Selangor Tourism 2008 Itinerary". Malaysian National News Agency. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-26.
- "Experience South America And Find The Perfect Homestay". Forbes, Inc. 2014-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Homestay:Opening a World of Opportunity". Australian International Education Conference. 2004-10-5. Retrieved 2013-10-5.