Homesteading the Noosphere
"Homesteading the Noosphere" (abbreviated HtN) is an essay written by Eric S. Raymond about the social workings of open-source software development. It follows his influential piece "The Cathedral and the Bazaar" (1997).
The essay examines issues of project ownership and transfer, as well as investigating possible anthropological roots of the gift culture in open source as contrasted with the exchange culture of closed source software. Raymond also investigates the nature of the spread of open source into the untamed frontier of ideas he terms the noosphere, postulating that projects that range too far ahead of their time fail because they are too far out in the wilderness, and that successful projects tend to relate to existing projects.
Raymond delves deeply into the contrast between the stated aims of open source and observed behaviors, and also explores the underlying motivations of people involved in the open source movement. He seems to settle on the idea that open-source practitioners find striving for a great reputation within the "tribe" a key motivational feature.
"Homesteading the Noosphere" has been referenced in various papers, including:
- The impact of ideology on effectiveness in open source software development teams
- An Overview of the Software Engineering Process and Tools in the Mozilla Project
- From Planning to Mature: on the Determinants of Open Source Take Off, Discussion paper 2005-17, Università degli Studi di
- Open borders? Immigration in open source projects
- Public commons of geographic data: research and development challenges
 See also
- Calculation in kind, also known as a money-free economy
- Eric S. Raymond (1999). "Homesteading the Noosphere". The Cathedral & the Bazaar. O'Reilly. hardcover ISBN 1-56592-724-9, October 1999; paperback ISBN 0-596-00108-8, January 2001. — also includes "The Cathedral and the Bazaar", "The Magic Cauldron" and "Revenge of the Hackers"
- The essay readable on the web, including a revision-history, 1998-2000.
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