Homewood (Pittsburgh)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Homewood North
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Baxter High School
Baxter High School
Pgh locator homewood north.svg
Coordinates: 40°27′36″N 79°54′00″W / 40.460°N 79.900°W / 40.460; -79.900
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.434 sq mi (1.12 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,280
 • Density 7,600/sq mi (2,900/km2)
Homewood South
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
East End Brewing Company
East End Brewing Company
Pgh locator homewood south.svg
Coordinates: 40°27′18″N 79°54′00″W / 40.455°N 79.900°W / 40.455; -79.900
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.398 sq mi (1.03 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 2,344
 • Density 5,900/sq mi (2,300/km2)
Homewood West
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Westinghouse High School
Westinghouse High School
Pgh locator homewood west.svg
Coordinates: 40°27′36″N 79°54′18″W / 40.460°N 79.905°W / 40.460; -79.905
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.199 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 818
 • Density 4,100/sq mi (1,600/km2)
ZIP Code 15206, 15208

Homewood is a predominantly black neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, officially divided into three neighborhoods: Homewood North, Homewood South and Homewood West.

Homewood is bordered on the southwest by the Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway which follows the old Pennsylvania Railroad line toward downtown Pittsburgh.

Geography[edit]

Homewood is located in the easternmost part of Pittsburgh, bordered on the east by East Hills, on the west by Larimer and Shadyside, on the North by Lincoln-Lemington Belmar, and on the south by Point Breeze.[2]

History[edit]

Homewood was founded in 1832 by Judge William Wilkins (U.S. politician).[3] It was later annexed by the city of Pittsburgh on December 1, 1884.[3] Homewood in the beginning held mainly estates for the wealthy; Homewood was also the Pittsburgh residence of industrialists Andrew Carnegie and Thomas M. Carnegie until the late 1880s. Starting in the 1910s, Irish, Italian, German, and upper middle class black families started moving into Homewood due to the low-cost of housing. This caused Homewood to become more diverse. At first relations between the white and black residents of Homewood were quite good, it was not until later that tensions between the different ethnic groups became more strained.

In the 1950s the city claimed land in the Lower Hill District for the Civic Arena, and in the process, displaced 8,000 people. Most of them were less affluent blacks who then settled in rental apartments in Homewood, creating a large disparity in the number of blacks to whites in the region. This sudden influx of black residents caused a lot of the white middle class to move away from Homewood, creating a population shift from 22% black in 1950 to 66% black in 1960.[4] As a result of the area being predominantly African-American, it was greatly affected by the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on 4 April 1968, whose murder caused riots in Homewood. The rioters caused great damage to local businesses, severely crippling the business district there.

In the 1970s and early 1980s, Homewood’s identity and reputation were further degraded by the proliferation of gangs and crack cocaine. The Homewood-Brushton Revitalization and the Development Corporation put together a strong effort to rebuild the area, it accomplished this by building homes and helping to open new businesses.[4]

Demographics[edit]

The 2000 Census demographics of the neighborhood are 98.3% African American, 0.6% White, 0.3% Asian, 0.0% American Indian, and 0.8% from 2 or more races. [1] The 2010 Census demographics of Homewood are 97.8% African American, 1.2% White, 0.3% American Indian, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian, and 0.37% other.[5]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Homewood is officially divided into three neighborhoods: Homewood North, Homewood South and Homewood West.

  • Homewood North is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA's east city area. It has zip codes of both 15221 and 15208, and has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by both the council members for District 9 (Northeast Neighborhoods).

Education[edit]

Homewood is located in the Pittsburgh Public Schools district. The area offers a mix of neighborhood schools as well as specialized magnet schools. The public schools are Pittsburgh Lincoln School (K-5), Pittsburgh Faison School (K-5), and Westinghouse High School (6-12).

Employment[edit]

Homewood generally has a lower income per capita than both the Pittsburgh average as well as the Pennsylvania average. This area also seems to have a lower median household income than the Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania average. Consequently, the unemployment rate tends to be higher in Homewood than in the surrounding areas of Pittsburgh.[6] Statistics show that of the employed population, men earn more per person on average than women. This disparity is in spite of the fact that there are more employed women in Homewood than men.[7]

Points of Interest[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • John Edgar Wideman talks about growing up in Homewood in his book Brothers and Keepers, in the section entitled "Our Time".
  • Toker, Franklin (1994) [1986]. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "PGHSNAP 2010 Raw Census Data by Neighborhood". Pittsburgh Department of City Planning PGHSNAP Utility. 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pittsburgh Neighborhood Map". Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Neighborhood Festivals - Dick's Sporting Goods Pittsburgh Marathon - UPMC Health Plan Pittsburgh Half Marathon - FedEx Ground Pittsburgh Marathon Relay". Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Community_Profile" (October 2009). "Homewood: A Community Profile" (pdf). Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Pittsburgh City Planning". Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "AreaVibes: Homewood". 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Community_Profile" (October 2009). "Homewood: A Community Profile" (pdf). "there are more employed women (approx. 15%) than there are men in the Homewood communities" 

External links[edit]