On January 30, 1944, 44 Indian civilians, suspected of spying, were put to death by the Japanese. They were all shot dead at point-blank range. The majority of the victims were members of the Indian Independence League.
At the time of the massacre, the Andaman Islands were technically under Azad Hind control, although in fact, the Japanese were very much in charge. Despite the lack of practical authority, the Azad Hind government was often accused of "failing its people".
This was widely considered to be the worst atrocity during the Japanese occupation of the Andaman Islands.
- Dasgupta Red Sun over Black Water pp67, 87, 91-5; Mathur Kala Pani pp249-51
- Iqbal Singh The Andaman Story p249
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