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|Homi Nusserwanji Sethna|
|Born||August 24, 1923|
|Died||September 5, 2010
|Residence||Mumbai, Maharashtra State|
|Institutions||Atomic Energy Commission of India|
|Alma mater||University of Mumbai
Indian Institutes of Technology
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
|Known for||Indian nuclear programme
|Notable awards||Padma Shri (1959)
Padma Bhushan (1966)
Padma Vibhushan (1975)
Homi Nusserwanji Sethna PhD (Hindi: होमी सेठना; August 24, 1923 – September 5, 2010) was an Indian nuclear scientist and a chemical engineer, gaining international fame as the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (India) during the time when the first nuclear test, codename Smiling Buddha in Pokhran Test Range in 1974 was conducted. He was the primary and central figure in India's civilian nuclear program as well as the construction of nuclear power plants.
Early life and education
Head of Trombay Nuclear Facility
He completed the construction of the Thorium plant and the plant for the production of nuclear grade uranium metal at Trombay, India. His first major challenging assignment was the setting up of the Plutonium Plant at Trombay in 1959. This was designed and constructed entirely by Indian scientists and engineers under H. N. Sethna as the Project Engineer. The Uranium Mill at Jaduguda, Jharkhand was also constructed under his guidance in 1967. He was also the Project Manager of a 40 MW reactor called Canada-India Reactor in 1956–58.
Indian atomic test of 1974
He was the guiding force behind the first peaceful nuclear explosion, Project Smiling Buddha in India on May 18, 1974, and in 1975, Homi Sethna, then chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, Raja Ramanna and Nag Chaudhuri (head of the DRDO ) received the Padma Vibhushan -
- 1959: Padma Shri
- 1960: SS Bhatnagar Prize
- 1966: Padma Bhushan
- 1967: University of Michigan Sesquicentennial Award
- 1975: Padma Vibhushan
- 2011: Xavier Ratna
- Laxman, Srinivas (Sep 7, 2010). "Homi Sethna, nuclear legend, passes away". The Times of India.
- "Homi Sethna passes away". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Sep 7, 2010.
- Notable alumni St. Xavier's High School, Fort - Official website.
- 'He visualised a lively picture of a powerful India' - Interview/Dr Homi Sethna Rediff.com, January 27, 2006.
- Padma Vishushan Official listings.