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For an explanation of very similar terms, see Hominidae.
Temporal range: Pliocene-present, 3–0Ma
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis.jpg
Skull of Homo neanderthalensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Hominini
Subtribe: Hominina
Gray, 1825
Type species
Homo sapiens
Linnaeus, 1758

In the taxonomy, Hominina is a subtribe of the tribe Hominini. It includes only the genus Homo, but not earlier upright walking hominins such as australopithecines, Orrorin tugenensis, Ardipithecus, or Sahelanthropus.[1] Members of the subtribe are known as hominans or hominas. This taxon is used only by some scientists.


  • Superfamily Hominoidea ("hominoids")[1]
    • Family Hylobatidae Gibbons or lesser apes
    • Family Hominidae ("hominids") Humans and other great apes
      • Subfamily Ponginae Orangutans and close relatives
        • Genus Pongo ("pongines") Orangutans
      • Subfamily Homininae ("hominines") Hominids, Gorillas, Chimpanzees, and close relatives
        • Tribe Gorillini Gorillas and close relatives
          • Genus Gorilla ("gorillines") Gorillas
        • Tribe Hominini Hominids and Chimpanzees
          • Subtribe Panina Chimpanzees and close relatives
            • Genus Pan ("panins") Chimpanzees and Bonobos
          • Subtribe Australopithecina ("australopiths") Early hominid forms
          • Subtribe Hominina ("hominans") Later hominid forms
            • Genus Homo Humans and close relatives

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Wood and Richmond; Richmond, BG (2000). "Human evolution: taxonomy and paleobiology". Journal of Anatomy 197 (Pt 1): 19–60. doi:10.1046/j.1469-7580.2000.19710019.x. PMC 1468107. PMID 10999270.