Homs Gap

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Homs Gap
فتحة حمص
Hims Gap sat.jpg
Location Homs Governorate, Syria
Range Al-Ansariyah mountains, Anti-Lebanon mountains
Coordinates 34°42′00″N 36°20′35″E / 34.7°N 36.343°E / 34.7; 36.343Coordinates: 34°42′00″N 36°20′35″E / 34.7°N 36.343°E / 34.7; 36.343

The Homs Gap (Arabic: فتحة حمص‎) (also called the Akkar Gap) is a relatively flat passage in the Orontes River Valley of southern Syria. Nicknamed the "gateway to Syria,"[1] the gap separates the An-Nusayriyah Mountains and Jebel Zawiyah from the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains. The small Nahr al-Kabir river runs down the Gap to the Syrian coast to the Mediterranean Sea.[2]

For hundreds of years, traders and invaders have found the Homs Gap an important route from the coast to the country's interior and to other parts of Asia because it "provides the easiest access between the Mediterranean coast and the Syrian interior."[3] The gap is also the only large crossing open year-round across the mountain ranges.[2]

Today, the highway and railroad in Homs to the Lebanese port of Tripoli run through the gap.[4] A pipeline carrying oil also runs through the gap.[5] In addition, the Krak des Chevaliers castle is in the Homs Gap.[6] The castle was built in 1031 AD to guard the strategic passageway during the First Crusade, and changed hands several times during the rest of the Crusades.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Citadel Qal'at al-Hosn (Crac des Chevaliers)". Whatsonwhen. 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b "Crac Des Chevaliers". Syria.org.cn. 2005. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  3. ^ Akkermans, Peter M. M. G.; Glenn M. Schwartz (2003). The Archaeology of Syria. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3–4. ISBN 9780521796668. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  4. ^ Research Divi Federal Research Division, Federal Research Division (2004). "Land, Water and Climate". Syria a Country Study. Kessinger Publishing. p. 74. ISBN 9781419150227. 
  5. ^ Carter, Terry; Lara Dunston, Andrew Humphreys, Damien Simonis (2004). Syria & Lebanon. Lonely Planet. p. 132. ISBN 9781864503333. 
  6. ^ "KacMac - Syria Guide: Krak Des Chevaliers". KacMac. 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  7. ^ Ring, Trudy; Robert M. Salkin, Sharon La Boda (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places. Taylor & Francis. p. 439. ISBN 9781884964039.