Honnavar

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This article is about Honnavar town in Karnataka state, India. For its Taluk, see Honnavar Taluk.
Honnavar
ಹೊನ್ನಾವರ
Town
Honnavar is located in Karnataka
Honnavar
Honnavar
Coordinates: 14°16′48″N 74°26′38″E / 14.28°N 74.4439°E / 14.28; 74.4439Coordinates: 14°16′48″N 74°26′38″E / 14.28°N 74.4439°E / 14.28; 74.4439
Country  India
State Karnataka
Region Canara
District Uttara Kannada
Taluk Honnavar
Established 1890[2]
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Honnavar Town Panchayat
Area
 • Total 9.38 km2 (3.62 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 19,109[1]
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 581334, 581395
Telephone code +91-8387
Vehicle registration KA 47
Website www.honnavaratown.gov.in

Honavar or Honnavar is a port town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The town is the headquarters of Honnavar Taluk.

History[edit]

In the 10th century text Jain Ramayana, the town is mentioned as Hanuruha Island. References about the town are also available in the works of Abu al-Fida (AD 1273-1331), an Arab geographer as well as that of Ibn Batuta who described it as the city of Hinaur.

Honnavar or Onore was a notable seaport of British India, in the Uttara Kannada or North Canara district of Karnataka. It is mentioned as a place of trade as early as the 16th century.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Honnavar town has Arabian Sea to the west and river Sharavati to the south, forming an estuary. The town lies midway between Panaji and Mangalore. Some of the places with tourism interest around Honavar include Murudeshwar, Idagunji, Apsarkonda, Gerusoppa and Karikanamma, a scenic mountain that has the breathtaking view of the Arabian Sea.

Honnavar has a port that was one of the most important ones on the west coast of India during the time of Marco Polo.[citation needed]

Between the 11th and 14th century AD Honnavar was under the rule of the Kadambas of Chandavar. Honnavar became a trading centre during the time of Vijayanagar Empire. Horses from Portugal were imported through this port. The well-known Vijayanagar King Krishnadevaraya gave permission to the Portuguese to construct forts at Honnavar and Bhatkal.[citation needed]

During the 15th and 16th centuries the Saluvas of Gersoppa were the prominent rulers of Honnavar. By the end of the 16th century Gersoppa Queen Chennabairadevi had become very popular as the ‘queen of pepper’ (Kalumenasinarani).[citation needed]

By the middle of the 17th century the army of Hyder Ali took possession of the coastal town Honnavar and Basavarajdurga. By the end of the 18th century, the entire North Kanara district came under the control of Tippu, the son of Hyder Ali. Honnavar was the district headquarters between 1800 and 1817. In 1862 the entire Kanara district was divided into South Kanara and North Kanara districts, and the North Kanara district was transferred to Bombay Presidency. Until then it was under Madras Presidency. After independence, in 1947 Honnavar became the taluka headquarters.[citation needed]

Attractions[edit]

Sharavati River is one of the main attractions of Honnavar. The river joins the Arabian Sea at Honnavar. While joining the sea, the river has created some islands.

Colonel Hill is an place of interest in Honnavar. It is a 30-meter tall column on the top of a hillock by the side of N-H 17. This column was installed in memory of Colonel Hill on 20 January 1845. It was set up by the 14th Madras Native Infantry at the instance of the East India Company in honour of Col. Hill who died at Gersoppa while commanding the Mysore Division.

Colonel Hill - 30m tall column

Kasarkod beach is a tourist attraction of Honnavar. It is about 2 km from Honnavar. This beautiful sandy beach is about 5 km long. The waves, golden sand top and the enchanting scenic beauty attract thousands of tourists every day.

Basavaraja Durga is a fortified spot is an 19 hectare island in the Arabian Sea. It is 3 km from the Sharavathi Sea Mouth and can be reached by boat. The fort was constructed during the Vijayanagara rule. In 1690, the Keladi ruler Shivappa Nayak captured it and named it Basavarajadurga in memory of the Keladi Prince Basavaraja.

Venkatarama Temple is a temple famous for its annual Rath Yatra on the occasion of Ramnavami. The event attracts thousands from all the neighbouring towns and villages.

Demographics[edit]

As of January 2013, Honnavar town is estimated to have a population of 19,106. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Honavar has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 74%. In Honavar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.Kannada is the main language sopken here and Konkani is also spoken here.

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

There are two National Highways that pass through Honnavar:

Rail[edit]

Konkan Railway line passes through Honnavar and has a station at Karki, which is about 5 km from the centre of the town. Konkan Railway's longest bridge is 2.065 km in length and is in Honnavar over Sharavati River.[3]

There is also a proposal to connect Honnavar and Talguppa in Shimoga district by a new railway line, which will be a shorter alternate rail route between Mumbai and southern India. In Railway Budget 2010-11, Indian Railway Ministry suggested Public–private partnership (PPP) model to take up this project as the Government of India cannot fund this project alone due to concerns about Rate of return and the complex nature of the project.[citation needed]

Sea[edit]

In October 2013 the Karnataka government announced plans to develop a new port at Honnavar, to be funded by a public–private partnership (PPP) model.[4]

Inland Water[edit]

Honnavar has one of the largest Inland Water Transportation systems in the State of Karnataka.[citation needed] Various villages along Sharavati River in Honnavar Taluk have river transportation in addition to road transportation from Honnavar town.[citation needed] The Government of Karnataka has been working on improving the Inland Water Transportation system between Honnavar and Gerusoppa along Sharavati river coast.[5] Also, the Office of Ferries Inspector (Mangalore Circle) that oversees Inland Water Transportation System of the entire coastal belt of Karnataka State is headquartered at Honnavar.[6]

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]