Honda CBR1100XX

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Honda CBR1100XX
Honda CBR 1100 XX silver vr.jpg
Manufacturer Honda
Also called Super Blackbird
Class Sport bike
Engine 1,137 cc (69.4 cu in) DOHC 4-valves/cyl. liquid-cooled inline four, EFI
Bore / stroke 79.0 mm × 58.0 mm (3.11 in × 2.28 in)
Compression ratio 11.0:1
Top speed '97 170 mph (270 km/h)
'99 174 mph (280 km/h)[1]
178.5 mph (287.3 km/h)[2][3]
180 mph (290 km/h)[4]
Power

132.9 hp (99.1 kW) @ 9,500 rpm[5]

136.7 hp (101.9 kW) @ 9500[6]
137 hp (102 kW) @ 9750 rpm[7]
Torque 78 lbf·ft (106 N·m) @ 7,500 rpm[5]
80.9 lbf·ft (109.7 N·m) @ 7500 rpm[6]
Ignition type Computer-controlled digital with three-dimensional mapping
Transmission Close-ratio six-speed
Final drive: #530 O ring sealed chain
Suspension Front: 43 mm HMAS cartridge-type fork, 120 mm travel
Rear: Pro-link HMAS with gas-charged damper, rebound adjustable 120 mm travel
Brakes Dual combined braking system
Front: 310 mm dual disks with "combined" three-piston calipers
Rear: 256 mm single disk with "combined" three-piston caliper
Tires Cast hollow-section triple-spoke wheels.
Front: Bridgestone BT57-120/70 ZR17
Rear: 180/55 ZR17
Rake, trail 25°, 99 mm (3.9 in)
Wheelbase 1,490 mm (59 in)
Dimensions L: 2,160 mm (85 in)
W: 720 mm (28 in)
H: 1,170 mm (46 in)
Seat height 810 mm (32 in)
Distance to ground {{{ground_distance}}}
Weight '97 492 lb (223 kg)
'99 496 lb (225 kg)[8] (dry)
'97 556 lb (252 kg)[6]
'99 563 lb (255 kg)[1] (wet)
Fuel capacity 23 L (5.1 imp gal; 6.1 US gal) (including the 4 L reserve)
Fuel consumption 39 mpg-US (6.0 L/100 km; 47 mpg-imp)[6]

The Honda CBR1100XX Super Blackbird was a Honda motorcycle made from 1996 to 2008. The bike was developed to challenge the Kawasaki Ninja ZX-11 as the world's fastest production motorcycle,[9] and Honda succeeded with a top speed of 178.5 mph (287.3 km/h).[2][10] Two years later the title passed to the Suzuki Hayabusa, which reached 194 mph (312 km/h).[9][11][12] The Blackbird is named after the Lockheed SR-71, also a speed record holder.[9][13]

Development[edit]

In the mid 1990s, Honda was determined to produce the world's fastest production motorcycle and to take over the associated bragging rights and marketing impact, at the time held by Kawasaki's Ninja ZX11.[9] This led to the creation of the CBR1100XX Super Blackbird. The Blackbird name is a nod to the Lockheed SR-71 aircraft, the world's fastest aircraft.[13]

In the February 1997 issue of Sport Rider magazine, the CBR1100XX was tested at a top speed of 178.5 mph (287.3 km/h),[2] compared with 175 mph (281.6 km/h) for the ZX-11.[14] Its supremacy over the ZX-11 was confirmed in April 2007 by Motorcycle Consumer News, although the speeds achieved were slightly lower and the margin was narrower.[5]

In 1999 the Suzuki Hayabusa GSX1300R overtook the CBR1100XX. It was listed in the 2000 Millennium Edition of Guinness World Records as the world's fastest production bike with a top speed of 194 mph (312 km/h).[11]

Production history[edit]

Production of the Blackbird began in 1996 and halted in 2007. Imports to North America ended in 2003 but sales continued in Europe until 2007. Major changes to the Blackbird were introduced in 1999, when Honda switched from carburetors to PGM fuel injection. The 2001 Blackbird received an LCD instrument cluster. Since then, mostly the color schemes have changed but the exhaust and fuelling systems have evolved to meet emission standards and maintain or improve fuel efficiency.

Specific variations to the initial model are:

1998
Modification to the thermostat housing. The other changes are minor.
1999
Major update.
  • PGM FI fuel injection system is introduced.
  • Ram-air system is introduced. It provides engine with more air at high speeds (above 200 km/h or 120 mph) using aerodynamic pressure, thus raising power output to a claimed 164 bhp (122 kW) at 9,500 rpm (at the crank).[citation needed]
  • Revised linked brakes with altered proportioning between front and rear.
  • Fuel tank capacity is increased from 22 to 24 liters.
  • The choke lever is removed from the left side switch assembly as it is no longer necessary.
  • To accommodate the ram air tubes, the oil cooler becomes lower and wider.
  • The inner and outer fork bushings are wider, changing the fork lowers and sliders.
  • The sidestand warning light on the instrument cluster becomes the FI warning light.
  • The wide part of the front axle (left side) becomes 10 mm longer, which makes the left-front axle space 10 mm shorter.
  • The two bulbs in the tail light are vertically aligned, in previous years they were side by side.
  • Front wheel hub is enlarged, the brake rotors are changed.
  • The ignition switch is changed, and the keys are longer.
  • The rotor carriers, stator cover and clutch cover are a light titanium color.
  • The number of clutch plates is reduced from nine to seven.
  • The rear inner fender changes shape to accommodate additional electronics.
  • Manufacturer's power and torque figures are 164 hp (122.3 Kw) and 91.5 ft-lbs (124 Nm)[citation needed]
2000
No changes
2001
New dashboard now has a digital speedometer and other indicators, except tachometer, which is now in center of dashboard.
2002
New EFI mapping to comply with emission standards and eliminate abrupt throttle response at low speeds.
Manufacturer's power and torque figures reduced to 152 hp (113.3 Kw) and 87.8 ft-lbs (119 Nm)
2005
Honda factory manual states fuel tank capacity is 23 liters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Performance Index '10, Motorcycle Consumer News (Bowtie Magazines), 2010, retrieved 2011-02-14 
  2. ^ a b c "Motorcycle Performance Numbers: Honda". Sport Rider. February 1997. ISSN 1065-7649. 
  3. ^ Smith, Don. "Honda CBR1100XX 1997-2003: speed king at one time, the biggest CBR drew fans for other reasons." Sport Rider Aug. 2010: 63+. General OneFile. Web. 14 June 2012.
  4. ^ Brown, Roland (2006), The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles, Bath, UK: Parragon, pp. 214–215, ISBN 1-4054-7303-7 
  5. ^ a b c Coonan, Big Joe (April 1997). "Honda CBR1100XX vs. Kawasaki ZX-11". Motorcycle Consumer News. ISSN 1073-9408. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Hard Numbers." Motorcyclist July 2000: 136. General OneFile. Web. 14 June 2012.
  7. ^ Carrithers, Tim. "1997-2004 Honda CBR1100XX." Motorcyclist Dec. 2008: 98. General OneFile. Web. 14 June 2012.
  8. ^ Coombs, Matthew (2007), Honda CBR1100xx Super Blackbird Service and Repair Manual, Sparkford, UK: Haynes, p. 0.10, ISBN 978-1-84425-752-2 
  9. ^ a b c d Brown, Roland (2005), The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles, Bath, UK: Parragon, pp. 216–217, 242–243, ISBN 1-4054-5466-0 
  10. ^ Terri, Sievert (2002), The World's Fastest Superbikes; Built for speed, Capstone Press, ISBN 9780736810609 
  11. ^ a b Guinness World Records 2000 Millennium Edition. Guinness World Records Ltd. 1999. p. 179. ISBN 0-85112-098-9. 
  12. ^ Hoyer, Mark (June 2007), ’Busas, Baby! Looking Back at Suzuki’s Steamroller of Speed, Cycle World (Newport Beach, California: Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S.), ISSN 0011-4286 
  13. ^ a b http://www.siue.edu/~jvotsmi/votspicts/motorcycle_picts/super_blackbird.jpg
  14. ^ "Motorcycle Performance Numbers:Kawasaki". Sport Rider. February 1997. ISSN 1065-7649. 
Records
Preceded by
Kawasaki Ninja ZX-11
Fastest production motorcycle
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Suzuki Hayabusa