Honduran American

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Honduran American
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Total population

753,532[1]
0.24% of the U.S. population (2012)[1]

Location of Honduras
Regions with significant populations
Languages
English, Spanish
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Minority Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
fellow Hispanic and Latino Americans

Honduran American (Spanish: honduro-americano, norteamericano de origen hondureño or estadounidense de origen hondureño) are Americans of Honduran descent. Honduran Americans are a group of people who may descend from Spanish, Honduran Native (including Mayan), Garifuna, African, Palestinian and Chinese people, among many others.

The Honduran population at the 2010 Census was 633,401. Hondurans are the eighth largest Hispanic group in the United States and the third largest Central American population, after Salvadorans and Guatemalans.

History[edit]

The first Hondurans came to United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, in the 1820s, while the country, part of Central America, gained its independence from Spain and was founded as the republic of Honduras. All periods of conflict have led to minor waves of Honduran emigration to the United States. This was the case after the 1956 military coup.[2]

Hondurans immigrated to the United States in the 1960s, primarily to Miami, New York City, and Los Angeles. The main reason for Hondurans to leave their country was to escape poverty and seek a better life in the United States.

Many Honduran-Americans are migrant farm laborers who first established themselves in the largest U.S. cities, in which they had support networks from the Honduran-American communities. In the late1980s and 1990s, most Honduran-Americans lived in New York City (33,000), Los Angeles (24,000), and Miami (18,000).[2]

Cultural[edit]

Military Service[edit]

Honduran-Americans have actively participated in U.S. military service. A total of 13.7 percent of native (U.S.) Honduran-American males older than 16 years are in the military. In addition, 769 Honduran-American non-citizen males serve in the military.[2]

Socioeconomics[edit]

Usually, Honduran-Americans live in areas with high economic growth and demand for employment in construction, domestic services, and other industries. Many Honduran-Americans suffer discrimination as others Hispanic groups. Most Honduran-Americans are undocumented immigrants.[2]

Honduran-Americans, especially male farm workers, are afflicted by health problems due to poor nutrition and low access rates to medical assistance. Many Hondurans living in the United States suffer severe psychological trauma as a consequence of crime, insecurity, gangs, and violence in their home country.[2]

Honduran-American girls tend to spend more years in school than Honduran-Americans boys, in part due to pressure by their families on boys to start working at age 12 or 14. A total of 1,091 Honduran-Americans have a Master's degree, 862 have other professional degrees, and 151 have a doctoral degree. The majority of these individuals are women.[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 United States Census there are 633,401 Hondurans living in the United States.[3] By 2011, the number of Hondurans estimated to reside in the United States by the Census Bureau's American Community Survey was 702,000.[4] In 2014, according to Pew Research, "60% of 573,000 Honduran immigrants in the U.S. are unauthorized".[5]

List of Honduran-Americans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b US Census Bureau 2012 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN retrieved September 20, 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e f Honduran Americans by William Maxwell, Retrieved December 11, 2011, to 12:55pm.
  3. ^ Ennis, Sharon H.; Rios-Vargas, Merarys; Albert, Nora G. (May 2011). "The Hispanic Population: 2010". United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Brown, Anna; Patten, Eileen (19 June 2013). "Hispanics of Honduran Origin in the United States, 2011". Hispanic Trends Project. Pew Research. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Gao, George (11 August 2014). "5 facts about Honduras and immigration". Pew Research Center. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 14 August 2014. "More than 60% of the 573,000 Honduran immigrants in the U.S. are unauthorized, a higher share than those from Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico, where most other apprehended minors are from, according to an analysis by Pew Research’s senior demographer Jeffrey Passel." 
  6. ^ Benjamin for U.S. Senate Website, Family Background section.
  7. ^ "Honduran American actress America Ferrera"
  8. ^ "The youngest of six children born to Honduran parents"