|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2009)|
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, famous Honduran literature was written by Froylán Turcios and the modernist poet Juan Ramón Molina. Lucila Gamero (1873-1964) is the most important Honduran romantic novelist. Ramón Amaya Amador's Green Prison, written in the 1940s, is the novel that marks the beginning of Honduran social realism. The poets Óscar Acosta, Roberto Sosa, Rigoberto Paredes, José Adán Castelar, Alexis Ramírez and José Luis Quesada, together with story writers like Julio Escoto, Eduardo Bähr (El cuento de la guerra), and Ernesto Bondy Reyes ("La mujer fea y el restaurador"), are the writers who opened new literary and generational perspectives in literature beginning 1960s and 1970s and continuing through today.
Helen Umaña is one of the few Honduran writers who has focused her efforts on the literary essay and literary criticism. Historian Leticia de Oyuela has written essays on painting and has published several books on the history of Honduras.
In present-day Honduran literature, major poets include Rebeca Becerra, Rubén Izaguirre, and César Indiano; the latter also writes short stories and novels. In the young generation of poets, major voices include he three most prominent figures of contemporary Honduran literature are novelist and short story writer Roberto Quesada, with his novel Los barcos, poet and editor Amanda Castro, and writer and playwright Javier Abril Espinoza, author of Un ángel atrapado en el huracán and Cuentos para niños y niñas. Armando Garcia, short story writer Nery Alexis Gaitán, and poet José González are other important Honduran writers.