Honey super

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Beeswax being scraped off the honeycombs in the honey supers

A honey super is a part of a commercial or other managed (such as by a hobbyist) beehive that is used to collect honey. The most common variety is the super with a depth of 6⅝ inches in the length and width dimensions of a Langstroth hive.

A honey super consists of a box in which 8-10 frames are hung. Western honeybees collect nectar and store the processed nectar in honeycomb, which they build on the frames. When the honeycomb is full, the bees will cap the comb with beeswax.

Beekeepers will take the full honey supers and extract the honey. Periods when there is an abundant nectar source available and bees are quickly bringing back the nectar, are called a honey flow. During a honey flow, beekeepers may put several honey supers onto a hive so the bees have enough storage space.

Honey supers are removed in the fall when the honey is extracted and before the hive is winterized.

Langstroth hive dimensions[edit]

Using ¾ inch wood the outside dimensions are 19⅞" × 16¼" × height. In the metric system 25mm wood may be used which makes the outside dimensions 515mm × 425mm × height.[1]

Size or type Inside (18⅜" × 14⅝") and height in inches Metric 465 × 375 and height in millimeter Comment
10 frame Comb Honey Super 121 Ross Rounds need 4½" Super
10 frame Shallow Super 146
10 frame Medium depth Illinois Super 6⅝ 168
10 frame Deep 9⅝ 244

References[edit]

  1. ^ "10-frame Langstroth Beehive" (PDF). Beesource.com. 1999. Retrieved 2008-12-21.