Honeybee Robotics Spacecraft Mechanisms Corporation is a small spacecraft technology and robotics company located in Manhattan, New York. It was established in 1983 by Stephen Gorevan and Chris Chapman. Honeybee has particular expertise in developing and operating small mechanical tools used on Mars missions. Some of the robotic devices it has developed and successfully demonstrated on Mars include:
- The Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT) instruments used on both Mars Exploration Rovers.
- The Icy Soil Acquisition Device (ISAD), sometimes called the "Phoenix Scoop," a soil scoop and a precision ice-sampling tool successfully demonstrated on the 2008 Mars Phoenix Lander mission,
- The Sample Manipulation System and Dust Removal Tool used on the Mars Science Laboratory mission, which landed in August 2012.
Honeybee is currently developing systems for future missions to Mars, Venus, the moon, two Jovian moons, and asteroid and comet sample return, among others. They have worked with Bigelow Aerospace to develop a preliminary design for a solar array deployment mechanism that would be used on the solar arrays of their Genesis inflatable space habitat. Terrestrial projects include developing mechanisms, installations, and systems for a broad array of clients including Con Edison, the U.S. Navy, Coca-Cola, Nike, and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro.
- Home page for Honeybee Robotics
- Erik Baard, "Alligators Below City? Try Robo-Inchworms", New York Times, BUSINESS: DIARY; Nov 10, 2002
- Kenneth Chang, "Martian Robots, Taking Orders From a Manhattan Walk-Up," New York Times, November 7, 2004
- Greg Clark, "Mars Sample Mission -- Here's the Drill," Space.com, posted 11 August 1999
- ISAD page
- K. Zacny, G. Paulsen, K. Davis, E. Mumm, and S. Gorevan, Honeybee Robotics Planetary Sample Acquisition, Transfer and Processing Technologies, presented at Mars Sample Return 2008, Lunar and Planetary Science Institute.
- Derek Sears, , Carl Allen, Dan Britt, Don Brownlee, Melissa Franzen, Leon Gefert, Stephen Gorovan, Carle Pieters, Jeffrey Preble, Dan Scheeres and Ed Scott, "The Hera mission: multiple near-earth asteroid sample return," Advances in Space Research, Volume 34, Issue 11, 2004, pp. 2270-2275 doi:10.1016/j.asr.2003.05.059
- S. Gorevan, I. Yachbes, P. Bartlett, K.Zacny, G. L. Paulsen, T. Kennedy, B. Basso, and J. Wilson, "Comet and Asteroid Sample Acquisition, Containerization, and Transfer for Sample Return", presented at Spacecraft Reconnaissance of Asteroid and Comet Interiors (2006).
- Honeybee Robotics Mission Page