Hong (Korean surname)
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Hong is the common English spelling of 홍, in Korean and Chinese it means "wide" or "big".
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As with all Korean family names, the holders of the Hong surname are divided into different patrilineal clans, or lineages, based on their ancestral seat. Most such clans trace their lineage back to a specific founder. This system was at its height under the yangban aristocracy of the Joseon Dynasty, but it remains in use today. There are approximately 241 such clans claimed by South Koreans. Historically, there had been 10 clans known but currently there are four clans remained. Hong clan is composed including Namyang, Pungsan, Bugye and Hongju clan.
The biggest clan is Namyang clan whose founder was Hong Eun-yeol in Goryeo Dynasty. Another founder in this clan was Hong Seon-haeng. Thus, the Namyang Hong clan is unique among Korean surnames in that it includes two separate unrelated family lines. The former, named "Tang Hong" because it claims to have descended from the Chinese who took refuge in Korea following the fall of Tang Dynasty, consists of 80 percent of the clan.
All ancestry of Andong's Pungsan Hong may be traced to the Goryeo dynasty's Hong Ji-gyeong later known as a great master of Korean classical verse in the Joseon Dynasty. The Pungsan Hong were known as yangban among yangbans. Hong Jin was a direct descendant of Hong Ji-gyeong.
Famous Koreans with this family name:
- Francis Hong Yong-ho, Roman Catholic bishop of Pyongyang
- Hong Gil-dong, fictitious character
- Hong Dae-yong, Silhak scholar
- Hong Jin (1877–1946), Korean independence activist, Pungsan clan
- Hong Kyung Min (born 1976), South Korean singer
- Hong Myung-Bo (born 1969), South Korean footballer
- Hong Yong-Jo (born 1982), North Korean footballer
- Nansook Hong (born 1966), daughter-in-law of Sun Myung Moon
- Hong Seok-cheon (born 1971), South Korean actor famous for publicly coming out
- Hong Song-nam, former premier of North Korea
- Hong Gyeong-nae (1771-1812), a leader of a farmer's revolt during Joseon Dynasty
- Sin Cha Hong, avant-garde dancer (b. 1943)
- Hong Sa-ik (1889-1946), highest ranking ethnic Korean general in the Imperial Japanese Army, executed for war crimes.
- Hong Seok-hyun, South Korean media corporation executive
- Hong Hei-Kyung (b. 1959), Korean American operatic soprano.
- Hong Sang-soo, film director