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|Revised Romanization||Hong Beom-do|
Hong was originally a hunter. In September 1907 Japan proclaimed a law to gather hunters' guns to weaken Korean resistance. The law made hunters angry, including Hong. So, he organized a Righteous Army which defeated Japanese garrisons around Bukcheong through the use of hit-and-run attacks.
In 1910, He moved to Gando. After March First Movement, He became a Commander-in-Chief of Korean Independence Army. In August 1919, Hong crossed Tumen River with 200 soldiers. He assaulted Japanese troops in Hyesanjin and Kapsan. He would cross the river twice more, each time carrying out more successful attacks.
In June 1920, Hong and his army fought against Japanese forces, killing hundreds of Japanese soldiers in Samdunja and Bongodong. In October, working together with Kim Jwa-jin, Hong again fought against Japanese troops (Battle of Chingshanli).
In June 1921 as the Soviet Union disarmed Korean troops by force and internal trouble occurred, resulting in the collapse of the Korean independence army. Hong ended up as a member of the Russian red army.
On October 25, 1963, Hong was posthumously awarded the Republic of Korea Medal of merit for national foundation.
- (Korean) 한국민족문화대사전 (Ethnic Korean Culture Dictionary)
- (Korean) Homepage of General Hong Beom-do