Hong Kong American
(born in Hong Kong) (2012)
|Regions with significant populations|
|California, New York, Washington (Seattle)|
|Predominantly English, varieties of Chinese:
Mandarin Chinese (Standard Chinese), Yue Chinese (Cantonese, Taishanese), Min Chinese (Min Dong, Min Nan), Hakka, Wu Chinese (Taihu Wu, Oujiang Wu).
|Unaffiliated, Protestantism, Buddhism, Catholicism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Chinese American, Taiwanese Americans
Americans in Hong Kong, Overseas Chinese
A Hong Kong American is an American who migrated from Hong Kong, or has origins in Hong Kong. People from Hong Kong, a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China; or British Hong Kong from 1841 to 1997 as a Crown colony and later, a British Dependent Territory, can also be, and are usually considered Chinese American.
According the 2012 American Community Survey from the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 219,231 Americans who are born in Hong Kong. Currently, there are over 330,000 Hong Kong immigrants to the United States. This makes the United States the third largest home of Hong Kongers, behind Hong Kong and Canada. Many of the Hong Kong Americans hold both United States citizenship and right of abode in Hong Kong. Other than the US passport, many of them also hold HKSAR Passport and British National (Overseas) passport .
After the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, an influx of Cantonese-speaking Hong Kong immigrants settled in Chinatown, San Francisco, California, and Chinatown, Manhattan, New York. In Chinatown neighborhoods, many Hong Kong immigrants opened businesses such as Chinese restaurants and supermarkets.
Since Hong Kong became a British crown colony, many Canton migrants (now Guangdong) took the chance to live in Hong Kong and earn enough money to migrate to the western hemisphere, mostly North America. In 1984, the Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed and outlined the future of Hong Kong. It would become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. However, many people in Hong Kong traced their heritage to people living in the nearby Canton Province who fled the Chinese Communists. Many Hong Kongers had a negative image of both the Chinese regime, and for the future of Hong Kong. These feelings were worsened during the 1989 Tiananmen Square Crackdown. Many did all they could to emigrate to English-speaking countries.
During the 1980s and the 1990s, a large number of high-skilled Hong Kong immigrants settled in the San Gabriel Valley of Los Angeles County, and the San Francisco Bay Area, where many were employed by high-technology companies in Silicon Valley. Many of the Hong Kong immigrants in the Bay Area resided in suburban communities, such as Burlingame, South San Francisco, and San Mateo, and in the Richmond District and Sunset District in San Francisco.
As of 2012, there are 219,231 people in the United States who are born in Hong Kong. 96,281 of people born in Hong Kong live in the state of California. 39,523 of people born in Hong Kong live in New York.
Notable Americans of Hong Kong origin
- Nathan Adrian - swimmer and Olympic medal winner
- Jin Au-Yeung - rapper, songwriter, actor
- Francis Chan - preacher
- John S. Chen - CEO of BlackBerry
- Kevin Cheng - TVB actor
- Amy Chow - gymnast and Olympic medal winner
- Denny Chin - judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (1994–present), first Asian American appointed as a United States district court judge
- Margaret Chin - member of the New York City Council representing Chinatown.
- Khalil Fong - singer and songwriter
- The Fung Brothers - comedy and hip hop duo
- James Hong - actor
- Yuet Wai Kan - pioneer of using DNA to diagnose human diseases. Helped set the stage for the Human Genome Project.
- Michelle Kwan - Olympic medal winner, ice skater
- Nancy Kwan - actress and model
- Bruce Lee - martial artist and actor
- Justin Lo - Cantopop singer and songwriter
- Vivienne Tam - fashion designer
- Sam Tsui - musician, singer-songwriter and an Internet celebrity through YouTube
- Kolten Wong - professional MLB player
- Daniel Wu - film actor
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