Hong Kong Archaeological Society

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Hong Kong Archaeological Society
Formation 1967
Type Archaeological organisations
Headquarters Hong Kong
Location
Official language Chinese, English
Chairman Ng Wai-hung
Website www.hkarch.org

Hong Kong Archaeological Society (Chinese: 香港考古學會, found 1967) is a government funded organization dedicated to carry out excavation and preserve archaeological heritage in Hong Kong. The society affiliates with the Hong Kong Museum of History to establish artifact collections and journal publications.[1]

History[edit]

After the discovery of prehistoric sties in Hong Kong during the 1920s, archaeology activities began in the area. Artifact recoveries and research publications appeared by the 1930s. The earliest recorded archaeologists in Hong Kong were John Schofield and Raffaele Maglioni.[2] The unearthed stone tools, potteries, and bronze artifacts led to support of human presence during the late Neolithic period and Bronze Age in the Hong Kong area with artifacts dating back to 3000–1200 BC and 1200–400 BC.[3]

In 1955, the accidental discovery of the Eastern Han Dynasty tomb at Lei Cheng Uk. An archaeological team was formed by the University of Hong Kong a year later, with a limited membership to survey the site. By 1960, the team carried out other excavations at Man Kok Tsui, Lantau Island with artifact dating back to the Bronze Age.

In 1967, the archaeologist team reformed to the Hong Kong Archaeological Society to anticipate larger participations numbered around 200 members.[1]

Investigations[edit]

During the 1970s, large salvage projects in Sham Wan, Lamma Island discovered artifacts dating to Bronze Age and Neolithic eras.

In 1990, the society began a 16 months artifact rescue mission in Chek Lap Kok at the future site of the Hong Kong International Airport.

In 1991, an excavation at Yung Long, west to Tuen Mun revealed a cultural phase with painted pottery, dated to 4400–3800 BC.

In 1994, salvage project in Kau Sai Chau revealed a site without pottery dating to approximately 5000 BC.

In 1999, the society discovered numerous artifacts in Chan Ka Yuen in Ha Pak Nai, west to Tuen Mun.

In 2000, Lam Tsuen Valley in Tai Po was investigated by the society.

In 2001, a house structure with underground water system dated to Song Dynasty were discovered in Mong Tseng Wai of Yuen Long. It was the only Song Dynasty village site in Hong Kong.

In 2004–05, the society invited Lingnan Archaeology of Sun Yat-sen University to salvage a stone quarry excavation site at Wong Tei Tung near Sai Kung. Artifacts discovered were dated back to late Paleolithic era.[4][5]

In 2007, excavations in Luk Keng Village, Lantau Island was discovered two furnaces with more than 2,000 items belonging to Tang, Ming, and Qing Dynasty, with some belongs to Bronze and Neolithic age as well.[1]

Publication[edit]

The society publishes its work in the Journal of Hong Kong Archaeological Society.[6]

Affiliations[edit]

The society is supported by membership dues and subsidies from the Antiquities and Monuments Office of Hong Kong Government. The Hong Kong Museum of History also provides the society with workshop and office spaces, and funds their published journals.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Introduction". Hong Kong Archaeological Society. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  2. ^ The Archaeology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. 2008. p. 26. ISBN 978-962-209-925-8. 
  3. ^ "The Trial Excavation at the Archaeological Site of Wong Tei Tung, Sham Chung, Hong Kong SAR". Hong Kong Archaeological Society. January 2006. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  4. ^ 港現舊石器制造場 嶺南或為我發源地 [Paleolithic site appears in Hong Kong, Lingnan perhaps discovered our birthplace]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 17 February 2006. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Tang, Chung (2005). 考古與香港尋根 [Archaeologist help find Hong Kong's Roots]. New Asia Monthly (in Chinese) (New Asia College) 32 (6): 6–8. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  6. ^ "Journal of the Hong Kong Archaeological Society" 1. Hong Kong Archaeological Society. 1968. NBD11261145.