Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese
Location
Hong Kong island, Hong Kong
Information
Type Missionary
Established October 1, 1887[1]
Affiliation London Missionary Society

The Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (Chinese: 香港華人西醫書院) was the first teaching institution in Hong Kong to fully adopt and accept Western medical practices. It was established in 1887 by the London Missionary Society, and was considered a breakthrough in opening up western medical research and development to the Far East. The best known alumni of the college is Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the Republic of China. The successor to the college is the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong.

History[edit]

The College was the predecessor of the Medical Faculty of the University of Hong Kong. The London Missionary Society founded the establishment in 1887.[2] Ho Kai, James Cantlie, Patrick Manson and G.P. Jordan were the founding professionals.[3] Important initiatives[clarification needed] were led by notable members such as Dr Patrick Manson, an experienced medical practitioner who made his name in the field of tropical medicine. Having served in the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs as a medical officer for 18 years, he took up private practice in Hong Kong from 1883 to 1889. Sir Kai Ho Kai was also a member of the Chinese elite in Colonial Hong Kong.[1] He played a major role in convincing the Chinese population that western medicine was an acceptable in a culture that had been largely dominated by traditional Chinese medicine.

In 1907 the school was renamed to Hong Kong College of Medicine.[4] In 1908 it was authorized to sign death certificates.[5] The nucleus of the school would later create the foundation for the new University of Hong Kong in 1910. Chinese society at the time was not quite ready for western medicine. As a result, many of the medical graduates had difficulty finding employment.[4]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sweeting, Anthony. (1990). Education in Hong Kong, pre-1841 to 1941. HK University Press. ISBN 962-209-258-6
  2. ^ Dafydd Emrys Evans (1987). Constancy of Purpose: An Account of the Foundation and History of the Hong Kong College of Medicine and the Faculty of Medicine of The University of Hong Kong, 1887-1987. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 9789622091948. 
  3. ^ "History". British Medical Association (Hong Kong Branch). Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  4. ^ a b The University of Hong Kong. (2003). 'Growing with Hong Kong: The University and its Graduates, the first 90 years'. ISBN 962-209-613-1
  5. ^ Starling, Arthur. Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences Society. Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences Society Staff. (2006). Hong Kong University. ISBN 962-209-805-3

Coordinates: 22°16′03″N 114°07′42″E / 22.26748°N 114.12834°E / 22.26748; 114.12834