Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office
|Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office|
|Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London, at 6 Grafton Street|
The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETOs) (Chinese: 香港經濟貿易辦事處) are the representations of Hong Kong outside the territory. There are currently ten HKETOs outside the Greater China Region, and four in the Greater China Region (one in Taiwan and three in Mainland China).
Hong Kong has full autonomy in the conduct of its external commercial relations. The Basic Law of the Hong Kong provides that it shall be a separate customs territory and may, using the name 'Hong Kong, China', participate in relevant international organisations and international trade agreements, such as the World Trade Organization.
The HKETOs concentrate most of their work on promoting Hong Kong's economic and trade interests. The major function of HKETOs include:
- Enhancing understanding of Hong Kong among opinion-formers
- Monitoring developments that might affect Hong Kong's economic and trading interests
- Liaising closely with the business and commercial sectors, politicians and the news media.
- Organize events to promote Hong Kong's image
- Regularly meeting with counterparts and contacts in the territories under their purview
- Organizes overseas visits of senior Hong Kong officials
HKETO London serves concurrently as Hong Kong's permanent mission to the International Maritime Organisation, HKETO Brussels to the European Communities, and HKETO Geneva to the World Trade Organisation.
In countries or territories where no HKETO is present, diplomatic missions of China have the duty to represent Hong Kong's interests. Visa applications at these missions are, nevertheless, sent to and processed by the Immigration Department of Hong Kong.
All HKETOs were placed under the Commerce and Economic Development Bureau of the Hong Kong Government. Office of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in Beijing and other parts of Mainland China placed under the Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureaus. The head of the HKETOs are called Director-General.
Privileges and immunities 
The privileges and immunities granted to the HKETOs are the result of negotiations with the host governments and these vary from one office to another. In some cases, the host governments (such as the United Kingdom, Australia and Germany) had granted certain privileges and immunities to the HKETOs through dedicated domestic legislations.
At present, all 11 overseas HKETOs have been granted certain privileges and immunities by respective host governments to facilitate the HKETOs to discharge their duties without intervention. Broadly speaking, the privileges and immunities enjoyed by the HKETOs mainly include the inviolability of premises, official correspondence, archives and documents as well as the exemption of premises and representatives from taxation. 
HKETO Berlin is the only regional representative office in Germany that has a quasi-diplomatic status.
The HKETOs outside the Mainland China Region, particularly those in Europe and Asia, have responsibilities for several countries. Those in the mainland similarly have responsibilities across several provinces.
Outside the Greater China Region 
- Berlin- Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Berlin 
- Responsible for Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Switzerland.
- Brussels - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Brussels 
- Geneva - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Geneva 
- London - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London 
- Responsible for Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
- New York City - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, New York
- Responsible for the 31 eastern states of the USA.
- San Francisco - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, San Francisco
- Responsible for the 19 western states of the USA.
- Singapore - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Singapore
- Sydney - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Sydney 
- Tokyo - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Tokyo 
- Toronto - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office (Canada) 
- Washington, D. C. - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Washington, D. C.  
Greater China Region 
Mainland China 
- Chengdu - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Chengdu 
- Guangzhou - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Guangdong 
- Shanghai - Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Shanghai 
- Taipei - Hong Kong Economic, Trade and Cultural Office [email@example.com]
Prior to the transfer of sovereignty in 1997, Hong Kong's commercial interests in its major trade markets were represented by Hong Kong Government Offices - consular matters were handled by the relevant British embassy or high commission. By 1982, the Hong Kong Government Offices, with locations in London, Brussels, Washington and Geneva, were placed under the then Councils and Administration Branch (Chinese: 兩局及行政科) of the Hong Kong Government.
In preparation for the handover, the British and Chinese governments agreed that these offices should be renamed "Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices", to make clear that they did not have diplomatic or consular functions. In the United Kingdom, the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office Act 1996 conferred a number of personal immunity and tax privileges on the HKETO in London.
Similar arrangements were negotiated with other host countries of HKETOs. For instance, the HKETO in Toronto is accredited by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada under the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office Privileges and Immunities Order, and HKETO in Sydney by the Overseas Missions (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1995.
See also 
- Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Guangdong
- Official report of proceedings, 16 June 1982, Legislative Council
- Official report of proceedings, 11 November 1982, Legislative Council
- The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office Act 1996
- Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office Privileges and Immunities Order
- Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office (Privileges and Immunities) Regulations 1996
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- Office of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in Beijing
- Hong Kong Trade Development Council's overseas offices (quasi-official representatives of the Hong Kong Government)
- Hong Kong Government Offices Outside Hong Kong