Hong Kong Garden (song)
|"Hong Kong Garden"|
|Single by Siouxsie and the Banshees|
|from the album The Scream (reissue) and The Best of Siouxsie and the Banshees|
|B-side||"Voices (On The Air)"|
|Released||18 August 1978|
|Writer(s)||Sioux / Severin / McKay / Morris|
|Siouxsie and the Banshees singles chronology|
"Hong Kong Garden" is the debut single released by British band Siouxsie and the Banshees. It was produced by their manager Nils Stevenson and sound-engineer Steve Lillywhite. Issued in the UK by Polydor Records in 1978, the single quickly hit number seven in the UK Singles Chart.
The song is now widely acknowledged as a classic. In March 2005, Q magazine placed it in its list of the "100 Greatest Guitar Tracks Ever" and British writer Colin Larkin qualified it as "sublime".
On 7 April 2014, a double seven-inch vinyl of "Hong Kong Garden" will be reissued via Universal.
History and recording
The song was named after the Hong Kong Garden Chinese takeaway in Chislehurst High Street. Siouxsie is quoted as explaining the lyrics with reference to the racist activities of skinheads visiting the takeaway:
|“||"I'll never forget, there was a Chinese restaurant in Chislehurst called the 'Hong Kong Garden'. Me and my friend were really upset that we used to go there and like, occasionally when the skinheads would turn up it would really turn really ugly. These gits would just go in en masse and just terrorise these Chinese people who were working there. We'd try and say 'Leave them alone', you know. It was a kind of tribute." ||”|
Siouxsie put all her anger and frustration into the words:
|“||"I remember wishing that I could be like Emma Peel from The Avengers and kick all the skinheads' heads in, because they used to mercilessly torment these people for being foreigners. It made me feel so helpless, hopeless and ill."||”|
Polydor booked the Olympic Studios in London in July 1978 to record the song with the help of an American producer Bruce Albertine, who was more into soul music. The result wasn't convincing: the band hated it. Their manager Nils Stevenson quickly decided to call another sound engineer who had a musical approach closer to theirs. Steve Lillywhite was at that time in the capital recording with Johnny Thunders.
Lillywhite finally re-recorded the song in two days: "Hong Kong Garden" would be his first hit record as a producer. He was hired because of his ability to get a certain sound on drums. Lillywhite told Banshee percussionist Kenny Morris to not record all the drums at the same time. Morris did the bass drum and the snare drum first. Then he did the cymbals and the tom-toms later. Lillywhite also added echo on the drums : that would give a lot of space to the whole recording. NME retrospectively said that Lillywhite's work, "revolutionis[ed] the post-punk band's sound with an innovative approach to laying down the drums.
Critical reception and legacy
The record was single of the week in the NME, Melody Maker, Sounds and Record Mirror. The song was described by Paul Rambali in the NME as "a bright, vivid narrative, something like snapshots from the window of a speeding Japanese train, power charged by the most original, intoxicating guitar playing heard in a long, long time." Melody Maker underlined: "The elements come together with remarkable effects. The song is strident and powerful with tantalising oriental guitar riffs." Sounds hailed the song as "constructed in the time-honoured tradition of all good singles - catchy, original arrangement coupled with an irresistible sing-along chorus." Record Mirror described the effect the record had as "accessibilty incarnated ... I'm playing it every third record. I love every second." One year after its first broadcast on John Peel session, critic Ian Birch reviewed The Cure's song "Killing an Arab" in early 1979, saying: "as Hong Kong Garden used a simple Oriental styled riff to striking effect, so [Killing An] Arab conjures up edginess through a Moorish-flavour guitar pattern".
On the first studio version recorded by the BBC in February 1978, the oriental hook was played on a pixiphone, a toy glockenspiel with metallic bars : this one would be later issued on both Voices on the Air: The Peel Sessions and At the BBC.
On the second version recorded for Polydor in June 1978, the instrument used was a xylophone, an instrument with wooden bars. This Polydor version was released as a stand-alone single and hit number seven in the UK Singles Chart. When Siouxsie and the Banshees' debut album The Scream came out later in the year, "Hong Kong Garden" was not included. It later surfaced on the singles compilation album Once Upon a Time: The Singles. In 2002, the song was remastered to feature on The Best of Siouxsie and the Banshees.
In April, "Hong Kong Garden" was reissued on double 7-inch vinyl with new artwork and an 8 page booklet, overseen by Siouxsie and Severin. The first disc featured the original a-side and b-side ("Voices (On The Air)"). The second disc included the 2006's version of "Hong Kong Garden" with the orchestral introduction (re-worked for the Marie Antoinette's movie soundtrack), backed up with the 1984's version of "Voices" from The Thorn EP.
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- Larkin, Colin (2011). "Siouxsie And The Banshees". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Webb, Robert (21 August 2009). "Story of the song: Hong Kong Garden, Siouxsie and the Banshees (1978)". The Independent. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
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