Hong Kong Garden (song)

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"Hong Kong Garden"
Single by Siouxsie and the Banshees
from the album The Scream (reissue) and The Best of Siouxsie and the Banshees
B-side "Voices (On The Air)"
Released 18 August 1978
Format 7" single
Recorded 1978
Genre Post-punk
Length 2:52
Label Polydor
Writer(s) Sioux / Severin / McKay / Morris
Producer(s) Nils Stevenson
Steve Lillywhite
Siouxsie and the Banshees singles chronology
"Hong Kong Garden"
(1978)
"The Staircase (Mystery)"
(1979)
2014 Re-release Cover
2014's artwork, vinyl reissue

"Hong Kong Garden" is the debut single released by British band Siouxsie and the Banshees. It was produced by their manager Nils Stevenson and sound-engineer Steve Lillywhite. Issued in the UK by Polydor Records in 1978, the single quickly hit number seven in the UK Singles Chart.[1]

The song is now widely acknowledged as a classic.[2] In March 2005, Q magazine placed it in its list of the "100 Greatest Guitar Tracks Ever"[3] and British writer Colin Larkin qualified it as "sublime".[4]

On 7 April 2014, a double seven-inch vinyl of "Hong Kong Garden" will be reissued via Universal.

History and recording[edit]

The instrumental first version was called "People Phobia": it was composed by guitarist John McKay in 1977.The first time the band heard it, they were on a tour bus.[5]

The song was named after the Hong Kong Garden Chinese takeaway in Chislehurst High Street. Siouxsie is quoted as explaining the lyrics with reference to the racist activities of skinheads visiting the takeaway:

Siouxsie put all her anger and frustration into the words:

Siouxsie and the Banshees' first line-up for the single "Hong Kong Garden", left to right: Siouxsie, Kenny Morris, John McKay and Steven Severin

Polydor booked the Olympic Studios in London in July 1978 to record the song with the help of an American producer Bruce Albertine, who was more into soul music. The result wasn't convincing: the band hated it.[8] Their manager Nils Stevenson quickly decided to call another sound engineer who had a musical approach closer to theirs.[5] Steve Lillywhite was at that time in the capital recording with Johnny Thunders.

Lillywhite finally re-recorded the song in two days:[5] "Hong Kong Garden" would be his first hit record as a producer.[8] He was hired because of his ability to get a certain sound on drums.[8] Lillywhite told Banshee percussionist Kenny Morris to not record all the drums at the same time. Morris did the bass drum and the snare drum first.[8] Then he did the cymbals and the tom-toms later.[8] Lillywhite also added echo on the drums : that would give a lot of space to the whole recording. NME retrospectively said that Lillywhite's work, "revolutionis[ed] the post-punk band's sound with an innovative approach to laying down the drums.[9]

Critical reception and legacy[edit]

The record was single of the week in the NME,[10] Melody Maker,[11] Sounds[12] and Record Mirror.[13] The song was described by Paul Rambali in the NME as "a bright, vivid narrative, something like snapshots from the window of a speeding Japanese train, power charged by the most original, intoxicating guitar playing heard in a long, long time."[10] Melody Maker underlined: "The elements come together with remarkable effects. The song is strident and powerful with tantalising oriental guitar riffs."[11] Sounds hailed the song as "constructed in the time-honoured tradition of all good singles - catchy, original arrangement coupled with an irresistible sing-along chorus."[12] Record Mirror described the effect the record had as "accessibilty incarnated ... I'm playing it every third record. I love every second."[13] One year after its first broadcast on John Peel session, critic Ian Birch reviewed The Cure's song "Killing an Arab" in early 1979, saying: "as Hong Kong Garden used a simple Oriental styled riff to striking effect, so [Killing An] Arab conjures up edginess through a Moorish-flavour guitar pattern".[14]

In 2014, Sonic Youth's singer and guitarist, Thurston Moore, named "Hong Kong Garden" as one of his all time 25 favourite songs.[15]

Different versions[edit]

On the first studio version recorded by the BBC in February 1978, the oriental hook was played on a pixiphone, a toy glockenspiel with metallic bars : this one would be later issued on both Voices on the Air: The Peel Sessions and At the BBC.

On the second version recorded for Polydor in June 1978, the instrument used was a xylophone, an instrument with wooden bars. This Polydor version was released as a stand-alone single and hit number seven in the UK Singles Chart. When Siouxsie and the Banshees' debut album The Scream came out later in the year, "Hong Kong Garden" was not included. It later surfaced on the singles compilation album Once Upon a Time: The Singles. In 2002, the song was remastered to feature on The Best of Siouxsie and the Banshees.

In 2006, a re-worked version of "Hong Kong Garden" was included on the soundtrack for Sofia Coppola's film Marie Antoinette, in a slightly different version with an orchestral string introduction.

2014 Reissue[edit]

In April, "Hong Kong Garden" was reissued on double 7-inch vinyl with new artwork and an 8 page booklet, overseen by Siouxsie and Severin. The first disc featured the original a-side and b-side ("Voices (On The Air)"). The second disc included the 2006's version of "Hong Kong Garden" with the orchestral introduction (re-worked for the Marie Antoinette's movie soundtrack), backed up with the 1984's version of "Voices" from The Thorn EP.[16]

Media[edit]

The song was used in HBO TV series Girls, in the episode 9 of the first season.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1978 Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive - 16th September 1978". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Mojo – 100 Punk Scorchers". Mojo (Rocklist.net) (95). October 2001. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mojo – 100 Punk Scorchers". Mojo (Rocklist.net) (224). March 2005. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Siouxsie And The Banshees". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8. 
  5. ^ a b c Webb, Robert (21 August 2009). "Story of the song: Hong Kong Garden, Siouxsie and the Banshees (1978)". The Independent. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Punk Top Ten Interview. 8 June 2001
  7. ^ Goddard, Simon (January 2005). "The Life & Loves of a She-Devil". Uncut. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Tassell, Nige (12 January 2012). "Tori Amos, Kristin Hersh, Anton Corbin and more recall their big career firsts". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "The 50 Best Producers Ever: #40 – Steve Lillywhite". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Rambali, Paul (19 August 1978). "Hong Kong Garden". NME. 
  11. ^ a b Birch, Ian (19 August 1978). "Single Of The Week: Hong Kong Garden". Melody Maker. 
  12. ^ a b Lewis, David (19 August 1978). "Single of The Week (Also known as the kiss of life)". Sounds. 
  13. ^ a b Gardner, Mike (19 August 1978). "Hong Kong Garden". Record Mirror. 
  14. ^ Birch, Ian (24 March 1979). "Practical Poprock". Melody Maker. 
  15. ^ Kaye, Ben (17 January 2014). "Here are Thurston Moore's favorite songs of all time". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Siouxsie and the Banshees to reissue 'Hong Kong Garden' on double 7-inch vinyl". Slicing Up Eyeballs. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Music from Girls". Tunefind.com. Retrieved 28 July 2012.